::: TSR Weekly Report
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2020-11-14 | NO.44(43) epaper |
Note to Readers
TSR announces newly published books about Taiwan and East Asia on its website and in its weekly newsletter. If you're a scholar or your book will be published by an academic press, please send the title of your book and a link to the publisher's web site to TSR's Executive Editor, Dalton Lin (dalton.lin@inta.gatech.edu).    
Cross-Strait Relations
Whither Cross-Strait Relations if Biden Wins: “Confrontation,” “Procrastination,” or “Negotiation” (2020-11-09)
(Economic Daily News, By Su Chi) If Mr. Joseph Biden ends up in the White House, Taiwan will be a beneficiary. His national security and economic teams seem to share the Trump administration’s concerns of a rapidly rising China and the decline of America’s world leadership. But seasoned veterans as they are, they will not ride roughshod without communication, much less alienating allies and withdrawing from one international organization after another.

China Unlikely to Shift Policy: MAC
 (2020-11-10)
(Taipei Times, By Chen Yu-fu and Aaron Tu) China is not likely to change its policy toward Taiwan after the US presidential election, but it is likely to broaden its tactics to pressure Taiwanese businesses and the public into accepting its “one China” political framework, Mainland Affairs Council Minister Chen Ming-tong (陳明通) said in Taipei yesterday.

Virus Outbreak: PRC Again Blocks Taiwan at WHA (2020-11-10)
(Taipei Times, By By Su Yung-yao) Taiwan was not invited to a virtual meeting of the World Health Assembly (WHA) this week, which is expected to focus on the COVID-19 pandemic, due to “obstruction” from China, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs said late on Sunday night, expressing its displeasure.

Chinese Anti-Submarine Plane Enters Taiwan's ADIZ (2020-11-10)
(CNA, By Chen Yun-yu and Matthew Mazzetta) A Chinese military Y-8 anti-submarine plane entered Taiwan's southwest air defense identification zone (ADIZ) on Tuesday morning, the 37th such maneuver since mid-September, according to Taiwan's Ministry of National Defense (MND).
U.S.-Taiwan Relations
As Taiwan Watches US Election, It May Need Time to Trust a Biden Administration (2020-11-10)
(The Diplomat, By Nick Aspinwall) Joe Biden projects as a strong supporter of Taiwan should he win the presidency, but people in Taiwan still feel jilted by perceived slights by past Democratic administrations.

U.S., Taiwan to Hold Economic Dialogue on Nov. 20 (Update) (2020-11-11)
(CNA, By Stacy Hsu and Frances Huang) The United States and Taiwan are scheduled to hold a dialogue on economic prosperity on Nov. 20, and State Department official Keith Krach will lead the meeting, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said Tuesday (U.S. time).

MOFA to Seek Memorandum with US (2020-11-13)
(Taipei Times/CNA, By Dennis Xie) Taiwan and the US are negotiating a memorandum of understanding, which the two sides would sign in the wake of the first Taiwan-US Economic Prosperity Partnership Dialogue to be held on Friday next week, Minister of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) Joseph Wu (吳釗燮) told lawmakers yesterday.

Taiwan Thanks Pompeo for Support, Recognition of Taiwan's Democracy (2020-11-13)
(CNA, By Wen Kuei-hsiang, Matt Yu, Stacy Hsu, and Elizabeth Hsu) Pompeo said that "Taiwan has not been a part of China" while answering questions raised by Hugh Hewitt in his American television talk show broadcast on Thursday morning about issues concerning China and Taiwan.

Annual Project for U.S. Marines to Train Taiwanese Troops Goes Ahead (2020-11-09)
(CNA, By Matt Yu and Joseph Yeh) A group of U.S. Marine Corps instructors are visiting Taiwan as part of an annual project to help train Taiwanese troops to beef up their combat preparedness, a military source told CNA Monday.

Ministry Denies Reports on Visit by US Marine Corps (2020-11-13)
(Taipei Times/CNA, By Jake Chung) The Ministry of National Defense yesterday issued a statement refuting rumors that US Marine Corps members are to visit Taiwan to help train Taiwanese troops.
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Taiwan's Domestic Politics
Taiwan’s Overall Defense Concept, Explained (2020-11-10)
(The Diplomat, By Lee Hsi-min and Eric Lee) The concept’s developer explains the asymmetric approach to Taiwan’s defense.

Taiwan's Foreign Relations
Taiwan's Exclusion from World Health Assembly Regrettable: MOFA (2020-11-09)
(CNA, By Matt Yu, Ozzy Yin, and Ko Lin) The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) said Sunday it was regrettable that Taiwan had again been excluded from the annual World Health Assembly (WHA) in disregard of the health of the country's 23 million people.

Lithuania to Support 'Those Fighting for Freedom' in Taiwan (2020-11-09)
(Reuters, By Andrius Sytas) Lithuania’s new ruling coalition agreed on Monday to commit the incoming government to support “those fighting for freedom” in Taiwan, threatening to hurt the small EU member’s relations with China, a potential investor in its main port.

Australia Campaign Aims to Boost Ties (2020-11-12)
(Taipei Times, By Lin Chia-nan) The Australian Office in Taipei yesterday pledged to increase cooperation with Taiwan on energy development and biomedicine in the post-COVID-19 era with its “Rediscover Australia, Rediscover Taiwan” campaign.
U.S.-China Relations
China Congratulates Biden on Presidential Victory (2020-11-13)
(New York Times, By Raymond Zhong) After days of silence, China on Friday congratulated Joseph R. Biden Jr. on his election as president of the United States, signaling a start to its relations with the incoming administration after years of hostility and distrust under President Trump.

Why America Must Lead Again (2020-01-23)
(Foreign Affairs, By Joseph R. Biden, Jr.) The most effective way to meet that challenge is to build a united front of U.S. allies and partners to confront China’s abusive behaviors and human rights violations, even as we seek to cooperate with Beijing on issues where our interests converge, such as climate change, nonproliferation, and global health security.

How to Prevent a War in Asia (2020-06-18)
(Foreign Affairs, By Michèle A. Flournoy) The more confident China’s leaders are in their own capabilities and the more they doubt the capabilities and resolve of the United States, the greater the chance of miscalculation—a breakdown in deterrence that could bring direct conflict between two nuclear powers. As tensions continue to rise and Chinese assertiveness in the region grows, it will take a concerted effort to rebuild the credibility of U.S. deterrence in order to reduce the risk of a war that neither side seeks. 

The End of ‘America First’: How Biden Says He Will Re-engage With the World (2020-11-12)
(New York Times, By David E. Sanger) Biden's own advisers concede that in the Obama years, Mr. Biden and his national security team underestimated the speed with which President Xi Jinping of China would crack down on dissent at home and use the combination of its 5G networks and its Belt and Road Initiative to challenge U.S. influence.

America Under Biden Won’t Go Soft on China
 (2020-11-06)
(Foreign Policy, By Daniel Baer) A more stable approach does not mean a soft one, since there is now a bipartisan recognition in the United States that China is a strategic competitor. Indeed, while Beijing may appreciate soon having a more predictable set of interlocutors, it should not expect them to be more pliable.

Biden’s China Tech Plan: Stronger Defense, Quieter Offense (2020-11-12)
(Wall Street Journal, By Stu Woo and Asa Fitch) “As the vice president sees it, there’s a division in the world between techno-democracies and techno-autocracies,” Antony Blinken, a former Obama administration official who served as the Biden campaign’s senior foreign-policy adviser, has said.

Anti-China Stance to Remain Largely Same Under Biden: Academics (2020-11-08)
(CNA, By Pan Tzu-yu and Evelyn Kao) Following the projected victory of Democratic candidate and former U.S. Vice President Joe Biden in the United States presidential election, Washington's anti-China stance will remain largely unchanged, two Taiwanese scholars said Sunday.

Biden Will Take Different Approach to China Than Trump: Scholars (2020-11-08)
(CNA, By Chen Chun-hua and Chiang Yi-ching) There will "definitely be massive changes" to U.S.-China-Taiwan relations under Biden, although the basic structures underpinning the relationship will not change, Alexander Huang (黃介正), a strategic studies professor at Tamkang University, told CNA.

'Europe Is Ready' to Team Up with Joe Biden on China (2020-11-10)
(SCMP, By Stuart Lau) EU foreign policy chief says the South China Sea, China’s unfair trade practices and security are potential areas of transatlantic cooperation.

Regardless of the US Election Result, China Sees Itself as the Ultimate Winner (2020-11-10)
(The Diplomat, By Shannon Tiezzi) China’s leaders have bought into a narrative of historical inevitably: China is destined to rise, and the United States to fall.

U.S. Imposes Sanctions on Four Chinese Officials Over Hong Kong Crackdown (2020-11-09)
(Reuters, By Humeyra Pamuk and David Brunnstrom) The United States on Monday imposed sanctions on four more Chinese officials in Hong Kong’s governing and security establishment over their alleged role in crushing dissent in the former British colony.

Trump Bans US Investment in Chinese Military-Linked Firms (2020-11-13)
(Associated Press, By Joe McDonald) U.S. President Donald Trump has stepped up a conflict with China over security and technology by barring Americans from investing in companies that U.S. officials say are owned or controlled by the Chinese military.

Beijing’s Sanctions on US Weapons Makers Are a Weak Move (2020-11-10)
(The diplomat, By David Yuan) China’s sanctioning of companies involved in the United States’ latest arms sale to Taiwan is a move straight out of an old playbook. As such, it is best ignored.

China Extends Reach in the Caribbean, Unsettling the U.S. (2020-11-08)
(NYT, By Kirk Semple) China’s efforts in the region are part of its global strategy to forge deep economic ties and strong diplomatic relationships around the world, in part through the building of major infrastructure projects under its ambitious Belt and Road Initiative. A crucial motivation for China’s Caribbean strategy also is winning over the remaining nations that officially recognize Taiwan instead of China, most of which are in the Caribbean and Latin America.

China’s Influence Operations Hurt Chances for Real Engagement (2020-11-10)
(The Diplomat, By Chi Wang) Can any organization, regardless of how transparent they are, fully dispel the doubts caused by the actions of the United Front Work Department?

What Is the End Game of US-China Competition? (2020-11-10)
(The Diplomat, By Andy Zelleke) Could the two sides agree on a modus vivendi? If so, what would it look like?

Lam Says Next US President Should Not Interfere in Hong Kong (2020-11-10)
(The Diplomat, By Ken Moritsugu) During a visit to Beijing, Hong Kong’s leader denounced U.S. sanctions targeting the national security law.

Hong Kong and China Could Face Fresh US Sanctions Over Ousting of Lawmakers (2020-11-12)
(The Guardian, By Helen Davidson) Hong Kong and Chinese officials could face further sanctions from the United States over a new law that disqualified four pro-democracy legislators as “unpatriotic” and prompted a mass resignation by the pro-democracy caucus.
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
China's Domestic Politics
China’s Fifth Plenum: Old Goals and Shifting Priorities (2020-11-10)
(The Diplomat, By Tristan Kenderdine) There’s much more than technoindustrial policy in China’s Fifth Plenum communique, especially when compared to the 2015 outcomes.

Xi Jinping’s Strength Is China’s Weakness (2020-11-09)
(New York Times, By Richard McGregor) Now that Xi Jinping is so firmly in charge of the party, with no clear rivals and no known succession plan, he is also setting the stage for a full-blown crisis of leadership in the future. The greatness of Mr. Xi’s power is its greatest weakness.

“Helmsman” Xi Jinping primed to rule at least until the early 2030s (2020-11-12)
(China Brief, By Willy Wo-Lap Lam) Given that all seven members of the Politburo Standing Committee are from the Fifth Generation (cadres born in the 1950s), Xi should have identified at least a few potential successors before now, according to party tradition. While there are several ordinary Politburo members who were born in the 1960s, none seems to have been given the portfolio and exposure needed to be groomed as a forthcoming top leader.

China Targets Hong Kong’s Lawmakers as It Squelches Dissent (2020-11-11)
(New York Times, By Austin Ramzy, Tiffany May and Elaine Yu) China moved on Wednesday to quash one of the last vestiges of democracy and dissent in Hong Kong, forcing the ouster of four pro-democracy lawmakers from their elected offices in a purge that prompted the rest of the opposition to vow to resign en masse.

As Hong Kong Opposition Quits Council, Pro-Beijing Forces Reign (2020-11-12)
(New York Times, By Vivian Wang and Tiffany May) The collapse of the legislative opposition was just the latest blow to Hong Kong’s beleaguered pro-democracy movement, after China imposed a new national security law this summer that helped silenced mass anti-government protests and set off widespread uncertainty about the fate of the city.

The PLA’s AI Competitions
 (2020-11-10)
(The Diplomat, By Marcus Clay) Can the new design contests foster a culture of military innovation in China?


China's Foreign Relations
Recent Wins and Defeats for the CCP’s Global Media Influence Campaign (2020-11-10)
(The Diplomat, By Sarah Cook) Some tactics have been productive, but others are fueling a backlash.

China’s Vaccine Diplomacy Revamps the Health Silk Road Amid COVID-19 (2020-11-12)
(China Brief, By Elizabeth Chen) While countries experiencing high coronavirus caseloads in the West have reportedly stockpiled pre-purchases of vaccines, Chinese Communist Party (CCP) General Secretary and PRC President Xi Jinping has repeatedly pledged to make a COVID-19 vaccine “a global public good”, available to all.

Is China a New Colonial Power? (2020-11-10)
(The Diplomat, By Amitai Etzioni) How well do the claims of neocolonialism stand up?

Belt and Road Stakeholders Don’t Believe China Uses ‘Debt-Trap Diplomacy’
 (2020-11-10)
(The Diplomat, By Pradumna B Rana and Xianbai Ji) The authors’ recent book, which includes a survey of opinion leaders from BRI stakeholder countries, debunks the “debt-trap diplomacy” thesis.

Will the IDB’s Politicization Pull China and Latin America Closer? (2020-11-10)
(The Diplomat, By Isabel Bernhard) U.S. and Chinese attempts to shape Latin American governments’ lending options raise issues of sovereignty and choice.

Xi Sells China as ‘Market for the World,’ But Concerns Linger (2020-11-10)
(The Diplomat, By Shannon Tiezzi) Xi tried to reassure foreign companies that a focus on domestic consumption and “self-reliance” will go hand-in-hand with continued opening.

Australia Combats China’s Interference Amid Deep Discord in Relations (2020-11-10)
(The Diplomat, By Abhijnan Rej) The recent arrest of a community leader on a foreign interference charge comes as Australia-China commercial relations inch toward the rock bottom.

China-Australia Relations Continue Their Downward Spiral (2020-11-10)
(The Diplomat, By Eleanor Albert) China is ramping up economic pressure on Australia as overall ties continue to sour.

China’s Trade Offensive Against Australia Continues with Ban on Wheat Imports (2020-11-10)
(The Diplomat, By Abhijnan Rej) Wheat joins a long list of commodities whose imports from Australia have been effectively banned by China as it flexes its geoeconomic muscle.
Regional Issues
Territorial Disputes
India, China Close In on Plan to End Months of Military Standoff (2020-11-13)
(Reuters, By Sanjeev Miglani and Devjyot Ghoshal) Seeking to end a dangerous military standoff in the western Himalayas, India and China are formulating a plan that involves creating no-patrol zones, pulling back tanks and artillery, and using drones to verify the withdrawal, Indian officials say.


Other Regional Issues
China-Led Trade Pact Is Signed, in Challenge to U.S. (2020-11-15)
(New York Times, By Keith Bradsher and Ana Swanson) After eight years of talks, China and 14 other nations from Japan to New Zealand to Myanmar on Sunday formally signed one of the world’s largest regional free trade agreements, a pact shaped by Beijing partly as a counterweight to American influence in the region.
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Recent Publication Mei-Fang Fan, Deliberative Democracy in Taiwan: A Deliberative Systems Perspective (Routledge)
Recent Publication John F. Copper, Taiwan's Politics in Action: Struggling to Win at the Ballot Box (World Scientific)
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Recent Publication Gerald Chan, China’s Maritime Silk Road: Advancing Global Development? (Edward Elgar Publishing)
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Forthcoming Publication Mei-Fang Fan, Deliberative Democracy in Taiwan: A Deliberative Systems Perspective (Routledge)
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Recent Publication James Lee, "Did Thucydides Believe in Thucydides’ Trap? The History of the Peloponnesian War and Its Relevance to U.S.-China Relations" (Journal of Chinese Political Science)
Recent Publication John F. Copper, ""Cross-Strait Relations in the Wake of Taiwan’s January 2016 Election: Taiwan’s Narratives" in Chineseness and Modernity in a Changing China: Essays in Honour of Professor Wang Gungwu, edited by Yongnian Zheng and Litao Zhao (World Scientific)
Recent Publication Kingsley Edney, Stanley Rosen, and Ying Zhu, Soft Power With Chinese Characteristics: China’s Campaign for Hearts and Minds (1st Edition) (Routledge)
   
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