::: TSR Weekly Report
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2020-08-01 | NO.44(28) epaper |
Note to Readers
Recent Publication Elizabeth Freund Larus, Politics and Society in Contemporary China, 2nd edition (Lynne Rienner Publishers)
Cross-Strait Relations
Military Eyeing Defense Against ‘Drone Swarm’ (2020-07-27)
(Taipei Times, By Lo Tien-pin, Wu Su-wei, and Jake Chung) The military is looking into countermeasures against the possible use of a “drone swarm” as part of a Chinese “decapitation strike” against Taiwan, a military official said on Saturday. <Accessed 2020-07-27>

HK Law Affecting People’s Willingness to Visit: Survey (2020-07-27)
(Taipei Times, By Lee I-chia) New Power Party (NPP) think tank executive director Lee Chao-li (李兆立) said that a survey it commissioned showed that 53.1 percent of respondents said their willingness to visit Hong Kong had been affected by the new national security legislation, while 36.7 percent said they were not affected by it. <Accessed 2020-07-27>

Taiwan Shows How to Carefully Snip Chinese Economic Ties (2020-07-27)
(Foreign Policy, By Hilton Yip) Facing a hostile Beijing, Taipei has been decoupling from its biggest trade partner. <Accessed 2020-07-27>

8 Aboard Chinese Boat Arrested for Dredging Sea Sand Off Penghu (2020-07-31)
(CNA, By Liu Chien-pang and Ko Lin) The Coast Guard Administration (CGA) on Friday said it has arrested eight Chinese crew members aboard a mainland-registered vessel that was caught illegally dredging sea sand in waters around the Penghu archipelago. <Accessed 2020-08-01>

'Two-State' Theory Considered Lee Teng-hui's Main Political Legacy (2020-07-31)
(CNA, By Lin Ke-lun, Lin Yu-li, and Lee Hsin-Yin) The "two-state" theory proposed by former President Lee Teng-hui (李登輝) in 1999, which characterized the Republic of China (Taiwan) and China as two different jurisdictions, is considered one of his major political legacies as it emphasized Taiwan's national identity. <Accessed 2020-08-01>
U.S.-Taiwan Relations
Military Should Ease into US Partnership: Researcher (2020-07-26)
(Taipei Times, By Wu Su-wei and William Hetherington) Taiwan should seek to collaborate with US forces in the Pacific on medical assistance and humanitarian aid, with the eventual aim of strengthening military cooperation, an international affairs researcher said on Friday. <Accessed 2020-07-30> 

US Draft Legislation to Relax Restrictions on Taiwan Relations (2020-07-27)
(Taipei Times, By Peng Wan-hsin and William Hetherington) US Representative Tom Tiffany has proposed legislation that would require the US Department of State to remove restrictions on the Taiwan-US relationship. <Accessed 2020-07-27>

Representative Meets US Official at State Department (2020-07-29)
(Taipei Times, By Lin Chia-nan) Representative to the US Hsiao Bi-khim (蕭美琴) on Monday met with US Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs David Stilwell at the US Department of State in Washington, and pledged to enhance bilateral ties. <Accessed 2020-08-02>

U.S. Senator Cory Gardner Calls for Trade Pact Talks with Taiwan (2020-07-30)
(CNA, By Stacy Hsu and Emerson Lim) American Senator Cory Gardner on Wednesday called on executive branch of the United States government to initiate discussions soon with Taiwan on a comprehensive Bilateral Trade Agreement (BTA). <Accessed 2020-07-30> 

U.S. Lawmaker Introduces Taiwan Invasion Prevention Act (2020-07-30)
(CNA, By Chiang Chin-yeh and Ko Lin) U.S. Congressman Ted Yoho on Wednesday announced the introduction of the Taiwan Invasion Prevention Act, which would authorize the United States to respond militarily if China resorts to the use of force against Taiwan. <Accessed 2020-07-30>

White House Issues Statement on Death of Lee Teng-hui (Update) (2020-08-01)
(CNA, By Chiang Chin-yeh, Huang Ya-shih, and Matthew Mazzetta) The White House on Friday offered its condolences on the passing of Lee Teng-hui (李登輝), praising the former Taiwanese president, who died Thursday at the age of 97, for leading the country's transition into a "free, prosperous and open society." <Accessed 2020-08-01>
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Taiwan's Domestic Politics

KMT Labels DPP Officials Plagiarists (2020-07-26)
(Taipei Times, By Sean Lin) The Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) yesterday questioned the authenticity of theses from prominent Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) members, calling on the party to hold its members to the same academic standard it used to judge Kaohsiung City Councilor Jane Lee (李眉蓁). <Accessed 2020-07-30>

Taiwan Legislature Moves to Explore Renaming China Airlines, Emphasizing ‘Taiwan’ on Passports (2020-07-27)
(The Diplomat, By Nick Aspinwall) The resolutions, passed Wednesday, do not mandate the changes but could lead to the renaming of Taiwan’s flag carrier and a redesign of its passports. <Accessed 2020-07-27>

Five-Branch System Needs Change: Poll (2020-07-28)
(Taipei Times, By Jason Pan) Half of Taiwanese believe the nation’s five-branch constitutional framework needs a complete overhaul, a poll released yesterday by the Taiwanese Public Opinion Foundation showed. <Accessed 2020-07-30> 

KMT to Propose Constitutional Amendments: Chiang
 (2020-07-30)
(Taipei Times, By Shih Hsiao-kuang) The Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) plans to propose constitutional amendments to require the president to give an annual state of the nation address to the Legislative Yuan and for the appointment of the premier to be approved by lawmakers, while working with other parties to ensure that the Control Yuan and the Examination Yuan can operate independently, KMT Chairman Johnny Chiang (江啟臣) said yesterday. <Accessed 2020-07-30> 

Lee Teng-hui, 97, Who Led Taiwan’s Turn to Democracy, Dies (2020-07-30)
(New York Times, By Jonathan Kandell) Its first popularly elected president, he transformed a police state into a vibrant country while angering Beijing by insisting that Taiwan be treated as a sovereign state. <Accessed 2020-08-03>

Kaohsiung Policy Debate to Air (2020-07-31)
(Taipei Times/CNA, By Jake Chung) The only policy debate among Kaohsiung mayoral by-election candidates is to take place tomorrow afternoon and it is to be shown live on TV and the Internet. <Accessed 2020-08-01>

KMT's Zeng Confirmed as New Kaohsiung City Council Speaker (2020-07-31)
(CNA, By Chen Chao-fu and Ko Lin) Zeng Li-yan (曾麗燕) of the main opposition Kuomintang (KMT) was confirmed Friday as the new Kaohsiung City Council speaker, replacing Hsu Kun-yuan (許崑源) who died after falling to his death in early June. <Accessed 2020-08-01>

Taiwanese Pay Respects to Former President Lee Teng-hui (2020-08-01)
(Associated Press) Taiwan’s leaders and its people were paying their respects Saturday to former President Lee Teng-hui, who died this week at age 97 after bringing full democracy to Taiwan and incurring the wrath of China in the process. <Accessed 2020-08-01>

Chen Chu Sworn In as Control Yuan President (2020-08-01)
(CNA, By Chen Chun-hua, Wang Cheng-chung, and Matthew Mazzetta) Former Presidential Office Secretary-General Chen Chu (陳菊) was sworn in Saturday as president of the Control Yuan, following a weeks-long legislative battle over her nomination. <Accessed 2020-08-01>

Taiwan Establishes National Human Rights Commission (2020-08-01)
(CNA, By Wang Cheng-chung, Chen Chun-hua, and Ko Lin) The establishment of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) on Saturday is a milestone for Taiwan as it aims to bring local laws and practices more in line with global standards, said President Tsai Ing-wen (蔡英文). <Accessed 2020-08-01>

Kaohsiung Mayoral Candidates Pledge to Improve City's Infrastructure (2020-08-01)
(CNA, By Lee Hsin-Yin) All three candidates in the upcoming mayoral by-election in Kaohsiung vowed Saturday to push for quality infrastructure despite a relatively tight budget during their only televised policy presentation before the Aug. 15 vote. <Accessed 2020-08-01>

Taiwan's Foreign Relations

Nicaragua Ambassador to Taiwan to Be Replaced: MOFA (2020-07-27)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh) Taiwan's Central American ally Nicaragua will soon send a new ambassador to the country to replace the outgoing William Manuel Tapia Aleman, who has served in the post for nearly 13 years, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) said on Monday. <Accessed 2020-07-27>

Outgoing Swedish Envoy in Taiwan Decorated (2020-07-27)
(CNA, By Matt You and Evelyn Kao) Taiwan's Foreign Minister Joseph Wu (吳釗燮) on Monday presented the Order of Brilliant Star with Violet Grand Cordon to Sven Håkan Oskar Jevrell, the outgoing head of the Swedish Trade and Invest Council in Taipei, in honor of his efforts and contributions to promoting bilateral relations between the two countries. <Accessed 2020-07-27>

Taiwan Military Hopes to be Invited to 2020 RIMPAC as Observer (2020-07-28)
(CNA, By Matt Yu and Joseph Yeh) Taiwan is still hoping to receive an invitation to participate as an observer in the world's largest international maritime drill to be staged next month, a Ministry of National Defense (MND) spokesman said Tuesday. <Accessed 2020-07-30> 

Taiwan Thanks U.S., Australia for Their Support of Regional Role (2020-07-29)
(CNA, By Stacy Hsu and Elizabeth Hsu) Taiwan on Wednesday thanked the governments of the United States and Australia for their joint statement reaffirming Taiwan's important role in the Indo-Pacific region and their intent to maintain strong unofficial ties with Taiwan. <Accessed 2020-08-02>

As US-China Tensions Heat Up, Taiwan’s Firms Pivot to India (2020-07-29)
(South China Morning Post, By Ralph Jennings) But analysts and the Taiwanese government say the firm’s swing into India is only the latest example of a trend that has been gaining pace over the past four years as ties between New Delhi and Taipei strengthen. <Accessed 2020-08-03>

Indonesia to Resume Migrant Worker Supply to Taiwan, 21 Other Countries (2020-07-30)
(CNA, By Shih Hsiu-chuan and Joseph Yeh) The Indonesian government said Thursday it is ready to start sending migrant workers again to 22 countries and regions around the world, including Taiwan, after a suspension of nearly four months due to the COVID-19 pandemic. <Accessed 2020-07-30> 

International Community Praises Lee Teng-hui (Update) (2020-07-31)
(CNA, By Emerson Lim) The international community on Thursday mourned the passing of Taiwan's former president Lee Teng-hui (李登輝), who succumbed to multiple organ failure at the age of 97, lauding him for his role in leading Taiwan onto the path of democracy. <Accessed 2020-08-01>
U.S.-China Relations
US Accuses Chinese Hackers of Stealing COVID Vaccine Research (2020-07-27)
(The Diplomat, By Robert Farley) The wisdom and morality of serious intellectual property enforcement during a pandemic are uncertain. <Accessed 2020-07-27>

Trump Wants China on Board With New Arms Control Pact (2020-07-27)
(Foreign Policy, By Jack Detsch) Obama’s New START arms treaty limited Russian and American nukes. Now, U.S. officials want to rope in Beijing. <Accessed 2020-07-27>

Pompeo’s Strategy Depends on Beijing’s Own Paranoia (2020-07-27)
(Foreign Policy, By James Palmer) The U.S. secretary of state is raising the temperature with China to force decoupling. <Accessed 2020-07-27>

US Hits China Anew for Rights Abuses in Western Xinjiang (2020-07-31)
(Associated Press, By Matthew Lee) The Trump administration took new aim at China on Friday by imposing sanctions on a major paramilitary organization in the country’s western Xinjiang region and its commander for alleged human rights abuses against ethnic and religious minorities. <Accessed 2020-08-01>

U.S. Adds Sanctions Over Internment of Muslims in China (2020-07-31)
(New York Times, By Ana Swanson and Edward Wong) The Treasury Department imposed sanctions on a powerful government entity that runs companies and farms in the Xinjiang region, where officials carry out the mass internment of Muslims. <Accessed 2020-08-03>

Trump’s Flip-Flops on China Are a Danger to National Security (2020-08-01)
(Foreign Policy, By Philip H. Gordon, James Steinberg) China is a real threat. That requires a serious U.S. strategy, not bellicose rhetoric designed to distract voters from the administration's failures. <Accessed 2020-08-01>

When It Comes to China, Americans Think Like Trump (2020-08-01)
(Foreign Policy, By Dan Haverty, Augusta Saraiva) Recent data suggests that most voters share the White House’s hawkish approach to China. <Accessed 2020-08-01>

U.S. Slaps Sanctions on Xinjiang’s Vast Paramilitary Settler Corps (2020-08-01)
(Foreign Policy, By James Palmer, Robbie Gramer) Beijing is likely to react strongly to the first targeting of high-level officials and a government body. <Accessed 2020-08-01>

The Global War for 5G Heats up (2020-08-01)
(The Diplomat, By John Lee) U.S. moves have undermined Huawei’s prospects outside China, but their long-term efficacy to constrain China’s development and export of 5G technology is uncertain. <Accessed 2020-08-01>

ByteDance Said to Offer to Sell TikTok’s U.S. Operations (2020-08-01)
(New York Times, By Raymond Zhong and Steve Lohr) The Trump administration has said the video app poses security concerns because of its Chinese ownership. <Accessed 2020-08-03>
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Mainland China

China Uses Quarantines as Cover to Detain Dissidents, Activists Say (2020-07-30)
(New York Times, By Sui-Lee Wee) Critics of the government said they were held in rooms with barred windows and denied permission to contact their families, all in the name of public health. <Accessed 2020-08-03>

Hong Kong and Macau

Hong Kong Delays Election Citing Pandemic, But Democracy Camp Sceptical (2020-07-31)
(Reuters, By Yanni Chow and Carol Mang) Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam on Friday postponed a Sept. 6 election to the Chinese-ruled city’s legislature by a year because of a rise in coronavirus cases, dealing a blow to the pro-democracy opposition which had hoped to make huge gains. <Accessed 2020-08-01>

Don’t Write Hong Kong’s Obituary Just Yet
 (2020-08-01)
(The Diplomat, By Chandran Nair) The resilient people of Hong Kong are bouncing back yet again. They deserve the international community’s support. <Accessed 2020-08-01>

Hong Kong’s Elections Were Already Rigged. Now They Won’t Happen. (2020-08-01)
(The Diplomat, By Shannon Tiezzi) Stacking the deck against pro-democrats apparently wasn’t enough for the Hong Kong government. <Accessed 2020-08-01>

China's Foreign Relations

Hong Kong Was a Test Run for ‘Wolf Warrior’ Diplomacy (2020-07-22)
(National Interest, By Rob York) When a broad coalition of Hongkongers rose up in protest, Beijing responded with a now-familiar pattern: blame outsiders, accept no-fault, and declare success inevitable. <Accessed 2020-08-04>

New Zealand Suspends Extradition Treaty with Hong Kong
 (2020-07-27)
(Reuters, By Praveen Menon) New Zealand has suspended its extradition treaty with Hong Kong and made a number of other changes following China’s decision to pass a national security law for the territory, Foreign Affairs Minister Winston Peters said on Tuesday. <Accessed 2020-07-27>

Did COVID-19 Really Give China a Strategic Advantage?
 (2020-07-27)
(The Diplomat, By Denny Roy) For China, the pandemic was more burden than opportunity. <Accessed 2020-07-27>

Europe and the New Sino-American Cold War (2020-07-27)
(The Diplomat, By Nicolas Regaud) Parsing the stakes – and the option – for Europe. <Accessed 2020-07-27>

Offshore Balancing: A Grand Strategy for the China Dream (2020-07-27)
(The Diplomat, By Andrew Latham) Xi Jinping seems to have settled on a grand strategy for a risen China. <Accessed 2020-07-27>

London and Canberra Offer Citizenship for Hongkongers (2020-07-28)
(East Asia Forum, By Tim Summers) All of these responses (along with other moves, such as Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom suspending their extradition treaties) reflect a desire to punish Beijing for introducing the national security law, which was greeted with outrage in Western capitals. <Accessed 2020-08-04>

Vatican Allegedly Hacked by China Ahead of Key Talks (2020-07-29)
(Associated Press) The Vatican and the Catholic Diocese of Hong Kong have been the targets of alleged Chinese state-backed hackers ahead of talks on renewal of a landmark 2018 deal that helped thaw diplomatic relations between the Vatican and China, according to a monitoring group. <Accessed 2020-08-02>

PacNet #43 – First Korea, Now Australia: China’s Carrot-and-Stick Diplomacy is Not New (2020-07-29)
(Pacific Forum, By Tenny Kristiana) Chinese “diplomacy” on Covid-19, including threatening other governments through economic retaliation, is not new. <Accessed 2020-08-04>

How Will the EU Answer China’s Turn Toward ‘Xi Jinping Thought on Diplomacy’? (2020-08-01)
(The Diplomat, By Earl Wang) The EU has no choice but to be united with regard to its interactions with China as Beijing’s foreign policy becomes more centralized and assertive. <Accessed 2020-08-01>

China Condemns Germany’s Hong Kong Extradition Suspension (2020-08-01)
(Associated Press) China has condemned Germany’s decision to suspend its extradition agreement with Hong Kong, accusing Berlin of a “serious breach of international law.” Germany’s foreign minister announced the suspension Friday following the disqualification of 12 pro-democracy candidates from legislative elections and a subsequent decision to postpone the elections. <Accessed 2020-08-01>
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
Territorial Disputes

U.S. Says Will Help Japan Monitor 'Unprecedented' Chinese Incursion Around Disputed East China Sea Islands (2020-07-29)
(Reuters, By Tim Kelly) The U.S. military will help Japan monitor “unprecedented” Chinese incursions around East China Sea islands controlled by Tokyo but claimed by Beijing as Chinese boats prepare to begin fishing in nearby waters, the commander of U.S. Forces Japan said on Wednesday. <Accessed 2020-08-02>

Laying Down the Law in the South China Sea (2020-07-30)
(East Asia Forum, By Donald R Rothwell) Australia’s position then is one of seeking to make a clear statement on its interpretation of the law of the sea, which in turn may place a halt upon the development of state practice contrary to UNCLOS. <Accessed 2020-08-04>

Australia Abandons Its Neutrality on the South China Sea Maritime Disputes
 (2020-08-01)
(The Diplomat, By Carl Thayer) Australia has aligned itself with the United States in supporting UNCLOS and the 2016 Arbitral Tribunal ruling. <Accessed 2020-08-01>

The Korean Peninsula

South Korea’s New Southern Policy and ASEAN-ROK Relations (2020-08-01)
(The Diplomat, By Andrew Yeo) What role does Southeast Asia play in Moon’s foreign policy? <Accessed 2020-08-01>

Other Regional Issues

How COVID-19 Will Reshape Indo-Pacific Security (2020-07-27)
(The Diplomat, By Jiyoon Kim, Jihoon Yu, and Erik French) COVID-19 will likely have a range of significant effects on Indo-Pacific security and geopolitics in both the short and long-term. <Accessed 2020-07-27>

What Lies Ahead for Global Value Chains in Asia? (2020-07-28)
(East Asia Forum, By Hoe Ee Khor and Suan Yong Foo) Globalisation is here to stay — and Asia continues to be one of its strongest advocates. <Accessed 2020-08-04>

Contact: James Lee, Senior Editor 

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Forthcoming Publication Mei-Fang Fan, Deliberative Democracy in Taiwan: A Deliberative Systems Perspective (Routledge)
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Recent Publication James Lee, US grand strategy and the origins of the developmental state, Journal of Strategic Studies
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