::: TSR Weekly Report
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2020-07-18 | NO.44(26) epaper |
Note to Readers
TSR announces newly published books about Taiwan and East Asia on its website and in its weekly newsletter. If you're a scholar or your book will be published by an academic press, please send the title of your book and a link to the publisher's web site to TSR's Senior Editor, James Lee (JL18@alumni.princeton.edu).
Cross-Strait Relations
Military Says it Will Halt Certain Drills After Fatal Incident (2020-07-12)
(CNA/Taipei Times) The military is to temporarily halt landing drills involving inflatable raiding craft pending safety reassessments, following a fatal incident on Friday last week, a navy official said. <Accessed 2020-07-22> 

Taiwan Annual War Games Start with Deployment of Reserve Forces
 (2020-07-13)
(CNA, By Matt Yu and Emerson Lim) Taiwan's annual live-fire Han Kuang exercises (漢光演習) kicked off Monday with a simulated attack by China, to test the combat readiness of Taiwan's military and reserve forces. <Accessed 2020-07-14>

Taiwan to Enhance Scrutiny of Hong Kong, China Investment, Source Says (2020-07-13)
(Reuters, By Yimou Lee and Emily Chan) Taiwan plans to enhance scrutiny over investment from Hong Kong to prevent illicit money from mainland China “infiltrating” its economy, after Beijing imposed a new security law on the Asian financial hub, a source with direct knowledge of the matter said. <Accessed 2020-07-14>

Taiwan Scrambles Jets Against Simulated Enemy Attack in War Games (2020-07-14)
(CNA, By Matt Yu and Emerson Lim) Taiwan Air Force jets took to the skies Tuesday in an exercise to intercept a simulated air attack by hostile forces, on the second day of the annual live-fire Han Kuang war games. <Accessed 2020-07-22> 

Taiwan Condemns China Over Threat to Sanction U.S. Arms Dealer (2020-07-14)
(CNA, By Chen Yun-yu and Joseph Yeh) Taiwan's foreign ministry on Tuesday condemned China after Beijing earlier in the day threatened to impose sanctions on a U.S. company over its involvement in selling weapons to the country. <Accessed 2020-07-22> 

Experts Warn Over Information Warfare from China (2020-07-14)
(Taipei Times, By Wu Su-wei, Aaron Tu and Dennis Xie) People must remain vigilant over information warfare launched by China, including cyberattacks and the malicious spread of misinformation, an Institute for National Defense and Security Research official said on Sunday. <Accessed 2020-07-22> 

Taiwan Navy Fires Live Torpedo During Drill for First Time in 13 Years (2020-07-15)
(CNA, By Matt Yu and Joseph Yeh) A live torpedo was fired from a Taiwan Navy submarine off the southeast coast of the island during a military drill Wednesday, marking the first time in 13 years that such weapons were deployed as part of the country's annual Han Kuang exercises. <Accessed 2020-07-17>

Two Chinese Spy Ships Spotted Near Taiwan During Military Drill (2020-07-15)
(CNA, By Lu Tai-cheng and Joseph Yeh) Two Chinese reconnaissance vessels were seen off the east coast of Taiwan on Wednesday, during a live-fire exercise by Taiwan's armed forces, a military source told CNA. <Accessed 2020-07-17>

PRC Has Military Edge in Strait: Japan (2020-07-15)
(Taipei Times/CNA) The military balance in the Taiwan Strait is tilting in China’s favor, and the gap is widening as the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) modernizes its arsenal, an annual defense white paper released by the Japanese Ministry of Defense yesterday said. <Accessed 2020-07-22>

New Military Units Join Annual Wargames for First Time (2020-07-16)
(CNA, By Chen Yun-yu, Matt Yu and Ko Lin) Taiwan's new combined arms battalions on Thursday participated in the annual live-fire Han Kuang military exercises for the first time, to demonstrate their combat readiness and the battle leadership qualities of their commanders. <Accessed 2020-07-22> 

MOI Drafts Stricter Punishments for Illegal Sand Mining (2020-07-16)
(Taipei Times, By Huang Hsin-po and Jake Chung) The Ministry of the Interior (MOI) has proposed amendments to the Act on the Exclusive Economic Zone and the Continental Shelf of the Republic of China (中華民國專屬經濟海域及大陸礁層法) that would impose heavier fines and prison terms for illegal sand mining in Taiwan’s coastal waters. <Accessed 2020-07-22> 

Hong Kong Demands Taiwan Officials Sign 'One China' Document for Visa Renewal, Source Says (2020-07-17)
(Reuters, By Yimou Lee) Taiwanese officials in Hong Kong have been told their visas will not be renewed unless they sign a document supporting Beijing’s claim to Taiwan under its “one China” policy, a person with direct knowledge of the matter told Reuters. <Accessed 2020-07-17>

Taiwan Fears Hong Kong National Security Law Will Leave Representative Office Unable to Function (2020-07-18)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Taiwan fears that its representative office in Hong Kong will gradually become unable to function properly as it is squeezed by Beijing’s new national security law. <Accessed 2020-07-21>
U.S.-Taiwan Relations
Recognition an Option: US Lawmaker (2020-07-12)
(Taipei Times, By Lin Chia-nan) Recognizing Taiwan as an independent country would be the most punitive measure the US could take against Beijing’s aggressiveness, US representative Michael McCaul, the ranking member of the US House Foreign Affairs Committee, said during an interview with Voice of America (VOA). <Accessed 2020-07-22> 

Beijing Says It Will Sanction Lockheed Martin after US Gives Green Light to Patriot Missile Deal for Taiwan
 (2020-07-14)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Beijing will impose sanctions on Lockheed Martin after the US approved a deal that would allow Taiwan to upgrade its Patriot missile defences. <Accessed 2020-07-21>

Arms Sales to Taiwan Government-to-Government Deals: Lockheed Martin (2020-07-15)
(CNA, By Chiang Chin-yeh, Joe Yeh, and Frances Huang) U.S.-based weapons supplier Lockheed Martin has described arms sales to Taiwan as government to government deals, in response to China's threat to impose sanctions on the company for selling weapons to Taiwan. <Accessed 2020-07-22>

FEATURE: Scientists Excited about Guam Return (2020-07-16)
(Taipei Times, By Lin Chia-nan) Taiwanese scientists are set to return to Guam after 26 years, as the government vows to boost the nation’s maritime power and is set to reopen a representative office in the US territory. <Accessed 2020-07-22> 

Taiwan, US Plan Event in Latin America, Caribbean
 (2020-07-17)
(Taipei Times/CNA) Taiwan and the US are to hold an international conference under the Global Cooperation and Training Framework (GCTF) in Latin America and the Caribbean for the first time, with Guatemala the host nation, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs said yesterday. <Accessed 2020-07-17>

AIT Thanks Stanley Kao for His Service (2020-07-17)
(Taipei Times, By Lu Yi-hsuan and Dennis Xie) The American Institute in Taiwan (AIT) yesterday thanked departing Representative to the US Stanley Kao (高碩泰) for his contributions to US-Taiwan relations and welcomed Hsiao Bi-khim (蕭美琴), who is to succeed him. <Accessed 2020-07-17>
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Taiwan's Domestic Politics

Public Air Raid Drill Coming Tuesday, but Different from the Past (2020-07-12)
(CNA, By Matt Yu and Kay Liu) Taiwan's annual public air drills will be held Tuesday afternoon, but pedestrians and vehicles will not be asked to stop in their tracks during the 30-minute exercise, according to the Ministry of National Defense. <Accessed 2020-07-22> 

Taiwan Legislators Brawl Twice in 2 Weeks Over Government Watchdog Nomination (2020-07-16)
(The Diplomat, By Nick Aspinwall) KMT legislators stormed parliament Tuesday to block confirmation proceedings for Chen Chu, the nominee to head Taiwan’s government ombudsman body. <Accessed 2020-07-16>

DPP’s Ker Seeks Cross-Party Bid to End Two Yuans (2020-07-18)
(Taipei Times, By Jason Pan) Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) caucus whip Ker Chien-ming (柯建銘) yesterday called on all parties to work together to abolish the Control Yuan and the Examination Yuan. <Accessed 2020-07-22> 

Taiwan's Foreign Relations

Differential Treatment of Taiwan by Germany 'Unacceptable': MOFA (2020-07-13)
(CNA, By Matt Yu and Emerson Lim) Taiwan's government on Monday described as "unacceptable" the German Foreign Office's blanking of a field on its website where the national flag of the Republic of China (ROC), Taiwan's formal name, should be displayed. <Accessed 2020-07-14>

Taiwan Throws a Diplomatic Curveball by Establishing Ties With Somaliland (2020-07-14)
(The Diplomat, By Nick Aspinwall) Taiwan’s decision to establish relations with the unrecognized state – with a probable eye on formalizing country-to-country ties – is an unusually audacious move. <Accessed 2020-07-14>

Taipei Honors Netherlands Representative Guy Wittich (2020-07-15)
(Taipei Times, By Lee I-chia) Taipei Mayor Ko Wen-je (柯文哲) declared Netherlands Office Taipei Representative Guy Wittich an honorary citizen of the nation’s capital at a ceremony at Taipei City Hall yesterday morning. <Accessed 2020-07-22>

Former Grand Justice to Serve as Taiwan's Representative to WTO (2020-07-16)
(CNA, By Chen Yun-yu and Evelyn Kao) Former Grand Justice Lo Chang-fa (羅昌發) has been appointed as Taiwan's representative to the World Trade Organization, to fill a post that has been vacant since last September, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) said Thursday. <Accessed 2020-07-22> 

Taiwan Names New Envoy to Hungary (2020-07-17)
(CNA, By Chen Yun-yu and Kay Liu) Liu Shih-chung (劉世忠), a former vice chairman of the Taiwan External Trade Development Council, has been named as Taiwan's new representative to Hungary, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced on Friday. <Accessed 2020-07-17>

Belgian Parliament Passes Resolution Calling for Support for Taiwan (2020-07-17)
(CNA, By Tang Pei-chun and Ko Lin) The Belgium parliament's Chamber of Representatives on Thursday overwhelmingly passed a resolution that called on the country's government to support Taiwan's democratic development and its meaningful participation in international organizations. <Accessed 2020-07-17>

Vincent Yao Says Sweden Trade Ties to Get Boost (2020-07-17)
(Taipei Times/CNA, By Jake Chung) The next representative to Sweden, Vincent Yao (姚金祥), yesterday said he would boost bilateral trade relations as well as collaborations with Europe and the US over 5G network industry when he takes up his new post this month. <Accessed 2020-07-22>

U.S.-China Relations
The Specious and Substantive in US-China Relations (2020-06-09)
(China Times, By Su Chi) When viewing the relationship between the United States and China, we should distinguish between what is specious and what is substantive. The substantive key is that the power of the United States is being challenged by China. That is the crux of the relationship, but it cannot be said openly for fear of losing prestige, thus undermining American influence. <Accessed 2020-07-19>

China Sanctions Cruz, Rubio, Smith, Brownback for Criticism
 (2020-07-13)
(Associated Press) China said Monday it will impose sanctions on three U.S. lawmakers and one ambassador in response to similar actions taken by the U.S. last week against Chinese officials over alleged human rights abuses against Muslims in the Xinjiang region. <Accessed 2020-07-14>

Caught in ‘Ideological Spiral,’ U.S. and China Drift Toward Cold War (2020-07-14)
(New York Times, By Steven Lee Myers and Paul Mozur) As the two superpowers clash over technology, territory and clout, a new geopolitical era is dawning. <Accessed 2020-07-20>

China’s Foreign Minister Strikes Conciliatory Tone to Bring US Ties Back From the Brink (2020-07-14)
(The Diplomat, By Eleanor Albert) In speech on Thursday, Wang Yi tried for a reset in U.S.-China relations amid worsening tensions. <Accessed 2020-07-14>

U.S. Preparing to Suspend Extradition Treaty With Hong Kong (2020-07-14)
(Foreign Policy, By Robbie Gramer, Darcy Palder) The looming decision, following China’s imposition of a new security law for the former colony, could be a prelude to even tougher U.S. actions against Beijing. <Accessed 2020-07-14>

China Vows to Retaliate After Trump Signs Hong Kong Sanctions Bill  (2020-07-15)
(New York Times, By Steven Lee Myers) Beijing accused the United States of “gross interference in Hong Kong affairs” and promised a response. <Accessed 2020-07-20>

U.S. Weighs Sweeping Travel Ban on Chinese Communist Party Members (2020-07-15)
(New York Times, By Paul Mozur and Edward Wong) The presidential order under consideration would be based on the same statute in the Immigration and Nationality Act used in a 2017 travel ban on several predominantly Muslim countries. <Accessed 2020-07-20>

Where Does the US Debate on China Policy Stand in Mid-2020? (2020-07-16)
(The Diplomat, By Robert Farley) There are many strains of American thinking about China today. <Accessed 2020-07-16>

Barr Urges U.S. Companies to Resist Serving as ‘Pawns’ for China (2020-07-16)
(New York Times, By Charlie Savage) The attorney general accused several companies by name of appeasing an authoritarian government to preserve access to a huge consumer market. <Accessed 2020-07-20>

Former U.S. Officials Urge Refugee Status for Hong Kongers (2020-07-16)
(Foreign Policy, By Robbie Gramer) Pressure mounts for Congress to pass safe-harbor legislation to let Hong Kongers escape China’s newest police state. <Accessed 2020-07-16>
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Mainland China

The Chinese Navy’s Destroyer Fleet Will Double by 2025. Then What?
 (2020-07-14)
(The Diplomat, By Rick Joe) China is about to finish the current phase of destroyer construction. What comes next? <Accessed 2020-07-14>

Xu Zhangrun Was China’s Loyal Opposition. Now, He’s In Jail. (2020-07-14)
(Foreign Policy, By Michael Rowand) One of the few remaining scholars openly standing against Xi Jinping is a reformist, not a revolutionary. <Accessed 2020-07-14>

Hong Kong and Macau

Hong Kong Leader Says Pro-Democracy 'Protest' Vote Might Have Violated New Security Laws (2020-07-13)
(Reuters, By Jessie Pang and James Pomfret) Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam said on Monday that an unofficial city-wide election conducted by the pro-democracy camp over the weekend might have violated new national security laws by “subverting state power”. <Accessed 2020-07-14>

Through Hong Kong, Beijing Channels Its Repression to the World (2020-07-14)
(The Diplomat, By Sarah Cook) Individuals and institutions are scrambling to adapt to the Chinese Communist Party’s growing extraterritorial reach. <Accessed 2020-07-14>

Beijing’s Plan for a Post-National Security Law Hong Kong (2020-07-14)
(The Diplomat, By Brian Wong) Beijing will be hoping to address Hong Kong’s socioeconomic issues while keeping a tight leash on political changes. <Accesssed 2020-07-14>

Young Hong Kong Democrats Seek New Political Order Under Shadow of Beijing (2020-07-15)
(Reuters, By Jessie Pang and James Pomfret) Young firebrands stormed to big wins in several Hong Kong districts that held primary elections for the democracy camp on the weekend, outshining some veteran democrats. <Accessed 2020-07-17>

Hong Kong Police Arrest Pro-Democracy Politician Set to Run for Legislature (2020-07-17)
(Reuters, By Yanni Chow, Carol Mang, Jessie Pang, and Marius Zaharia) Hong Kong police arrested on Friday pro-democracy politician Tam Tak-chi, who is expected to run for a seat in the legislature in September’s election, on charges including incitement to participate in unlawful assembly. <Accessed 2020-07-17>

China's Foreign Relations

Global China: Regional Influence and Strategy (2020-07-00)
(Brookings, By Tarun Chhabra, Rush Doshi, Ryan Hass, and Emilie Kimball) To explore the impact of China’s global activism, the papers in this installment of the Brookings Foreign Policy project “Global China: Assessing China’s Growing Role in the World” explore China’s efforts to expand its influence across different geographic regions, as well as implications of those efforts for the United States and for international order. <Accessed 2020-07-21>

China and Latin America: A Pragmatic Embrace (2020-07-00)
(Brookings, By Ted Piccone) Overall, however, the benefits of closer ties to China still seem to outweigh the costs and, given limited options amidst a serious economic downturn, LAC countries are likely to continue to invest in stronger relations with Beijing. <Accessed 2020-07-21>

China’s Engagement With Nepal’s Ruling Party Troubles India (2020-07-14)
(The Diplomat, By Arun Budhathoki) China’s ascendance in Nepali politics sends a strong message to India. <Accessed 2020-07-14>

U.K. Bars Huawei for 5G as Tech Battle Between China and the West Escalates (2020-07-14)
(New York Times, By Adam Satariano, Stephen Castle and David E. Sanger) Banning the use of the Chinese tech giant’s equipment in high-speed wireless infrastructure is a major reversal by Prime Minister Boris Johnson — and a big victory for the Trump administration. <Accessed 2020-07-20>

The Security Component of the BRI in Central Asia, Part One: Chinese and Regional Perspectives on Security in Central Asia (2020-07-15)
(Jamestown Foundation, By Sergey Sukhankin) This article—the first in a planned short series—will examine why Central Asia is so strategically important for the realization of Beijing’s goals in the land-based countries of the BRI, as well as considering some of the perspectives expressed within Central Asian countries themselves. <Accessed 2020-07-22>

Lebanon Looks to China as US, Arabs Refuse to Help in Crisis (2020-07-16)
(The Diplomat, By Bassem Mroue) Struggling with an economic catastrophe, Lebanon is the latest country to be caught up U.S.-China tensions. <Accessed 2020-07-16>

The Pitfalls of the China-Iran Agreement (2020-07-16)
(The Diplomat, By Nima Khorrami) The reported agreement, already receiving a backlash in Iran, is not likely to achieve what Tehran hopes it will. <Accessed 2020-07-16>

Why Is China Going to Mars? (2020-07-16)
(The Diplomat, By Namrata Goswami) China’s upcoming Mars mission is part of an integrated space strategy. <Accessed 2020-07-16>

China Will Use Huawei to Spy Because So Would You (2020-07-16)
(Foreign Policy, By Calder Walton) There is a long, and secret, history of countries—including Britain and the United States—forcing companies to protect national security by helping them eavesdrop in bulk. <Accessed 2020-07-16>
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
Territorial Disputes

The US Announces a New Position on Maritime Claims in the South China Sea: First Takeaways (2020-07-14)
(The Diplomat, By Ankit Panda) In a welcome development, the revised U.S. position brings American policy in line with the July 2016 arbitral tribunal ruling. <Accessed 2020-07-14>

U.S. to Back Nations that Say China Violated Their South China Sea Claims (2020-07-15)
(Reuters, By Arshad Mohammed and Humeyra Pamuk) U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said on Wednesday the United States will support countries that believe China has violated their maritime claims in the South China Sea but suggested it would do so through diplomatic rather than military means. <Accessed 2020-07-17>

Beijing Asserts a More Aggressive Posture in Its Border Dispute with India (2020-07-15)
(Jamestown Foundation, By Sudha Ramachandran) So, what is driving China’s heightened territorial aggression against India in the LAC’s western sector, and why is it seeking control over the Galwan Valley? <Accessed 2020-07-21>

U.S. Aircraft Carriers Return to South China Sea Amid Rising Tensions (2020-07-17)
(Reuters, By James Pearson) For the second time in two weeks, the United States has deployed two aircraft carriers to the South China Sea, the U.S. Navy said on Friday, as China and the United States accuse each other of stoking tensions in the region. <Accessed 2020-07-17>

PacNet #41 – Opportunism and Miscalculation by Claimants in the South China Sea (2020-07-17)
(Pacific Forum, By Stephen Nagy and Nguyen Hanh) While recent incidents in the SCS represent a worrying trend towards greater tension in the future, they result from a combination of factors, not just unilateral actions by one single party. <Accessed 2020-07-21>

Other Regional Issues

PacNet #40 – The Indo-Pacific Contest: It Could be Time for Fresh Ideas on Allied Security Cooperation (2020-07-07)
(Pacific Forum, By John Blaxland and Jennifer D.P. Moroney) Australia (and New Zealand) providers are well-placed to understand regional needs but, mindful of resource limitations, could achieve greater effects by working more closely with the United States. <Accessed 2020-07-21>

India’s Economic Growth Is Central to a Successful Free and Open Indo-Pacific (2020-07-16)
(The Diplomat, By Max Frost and Michael Sauer) Indian growth is key to countering Chinese aggression. <Accessed 2020-07-16>

Hedging or Balancing? Australia and New Zealand’s Differing China Strategies (2020-07-16)
(The Diplomat, By Lai-Ha Chan) Different approaches to China have led to different results for Australia and New Zealand. <Accessed 2020-07-16>

Contact: James Lee, Senior Editor 

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Forthcoming Publication Mei-Fang Fan, Deliberative Democracy in Taiwan: A Deliberative Systems Perspective (Routledge)
Recent Publication Kerry Gershaneck, "To Win without Fighting: Defining China's Political Warfare" (Expeditions with Marine Corps University Press)
Recent Publication James Lee, "Did Thucydides Believe in Thucydides’ Trap? The History of the Peloponnesian War and Its Relevance to U.S.-China Relations" (Journal of Chinese Political Science)
Recent Publication James Lee, US grand strategy and the origins of the developmental state, Journal of Strategic Studies
Recent Publication Elizabeth Freund Larus, Politics and Society in Contemporary China, 2nd edition (Lynne Rienner Publishers)
Recent Publication John F. Copper, ""Cross-Strait Relations in the Wake of Taiwan’s January 2016 Election: Taiwan’s Narratives" in Chineseness and Modernity in a Changing China: Essays in Honour of Professor Wang Gungwu, edited by Yongnian Zheng and Litao Zhao (World Scientific)
Recent Publication James Lee, American Diplomacy and Export-Oriented Industrialization on Taiwan (Journal of East Asian Studies)
Recent Publication J. Michael Cole, Cross-Strait Relations Since 2016: The End of the Illusion (1st Edition) (Routledge)
Recent Publication Kingsley Edney, Stanley Rosen, and Ying Zhu, Soft Power With Chinese Characteristics: China’s Campaign for Hearts and Minds (1st Edition) (Routledge)
Recent Publication John Franklin Copper, Taiwan: Nation-State or Province? (7th Edition) (Routledge)
Recent Publication Peter Mattis and Matthew Brazil, Chinese Communist Espionage: An Intelligence Primer (U.S. Naval Institute Press)
Recent Publication Takashi Inoguchi and Lien Thi Quynh Le, The Development of Global Legislative Politics: Rousseau and Locke Writ Global (Springer Singapore) (includes analysis of East Asian cases)
Recent Publication Hans Stockton and Yao-Yuan Yeh (eds.), Taiwan: The Development of an Asian Tiger (Lynne Rienner Publishers)
Recent Publication Dafydd Fell and Hsin-Huang Michael Hsiao (eds.), Taiwan Studies Revisited, 1st Edition (Routledge)
   
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