::: TSR Weekly Report
2019-08-24 | NO.43(34) epaper |
Note to Readers
New Publication John F. Copper, Donald J. Trump and China (Hamilton Books)
Cross-Strait Relations
Taiwan Concerned, But Will Not Intervene in HK Protests: President (2019-08-19)
(CNA, By Yeh Su-ping and Joseph Yeh) The government of Taiwan is concerned about the ongoing democracy protests in Hong Kong but will not intervene, according to President Tsai Ing-wen. Tsai, in her statement, once again urged China and Hong Kong to have open dialogue with protesters in order to resolve their differences. Despite accusations from China, Taiwan and the United States deny any involvement in organizing the Hong Kong protests. <Accessed 2019-08-25>

Changing Economic Trends in Taiwan
(East Asia Forum, By Min-Hua Chiang) Taiwan’s economic growth has long been based on exporting intermediate goods to mainland China for final assembly, but this is now showing signs of change. Taiwan’s monthly exports to China and Hong Kong have registered negative growth since November 2018 according to Taiwan’s official statistics. <Accessed 2019-08-24>

HK Immigration to Taiwan Surges 28% (2019-08-20)
(Taipei Times/Bloomberg) Immigration from Hong Kong to Taiwan has risen twenty-eight percent during the first half of the year. The growth of Hong Kong immigrants is due in part to the ongoing democracy protests in Hong Kong and fear of a crackdown by Beijing. Immigrants from Hong Kong constitute 9.4 percent of this year’s total immigration to Taiwan, nearly double last year's percentage. <Accessed 2019-08-25>

President Highlights 823 Spirit in Kinmen (2019-08-23)
(CNA, By Wen Kuei-hsiang and Elizabeth Hsu) Taiwan commemorated the 61st anniversary of the August 23 Artillery Bombardment of 1958. During the attack by Chinese forces, 475,000 artillery shells were fired at the Taiwan-controlled island of Kinmen. During a ceremony commemorating the event, President Tsai Ing-wen urged Taiwan to safeguard the "823 Spirit" that binds Taiwan together. <Accessed 2019-08-25>
U.S.-Taiwan Relations
US Says Taiwan Defense Spending to Rise with China Threat (2019-08-18)
(The Diplomat/Associated Press) W. Brent Christensen, director of the American institute in Taiwan (AIT), remarked that the U.S. anticipates that Taiwan will continue to increase its defense spending to boost its self-defense capability amid growing Chinese security threats. In response, China announced that it would impose sanctions on any U.S. enterprises that participated in the arms sales to Taiwan. <Accessed 2019-08-18>

US Moves Ahead with $8 Billion F-16 Fighter Jets Sale to Taiwan (2019-08-18)
(The Diplomat, By Franz-Stefan Gady) The Trump administration has recently informed the U.S. Congress that it would submit Taiwan's arms deal package for informal review. The U.S. Department of State has yet to publicly comment or confirm on the proposed arms sale to Taiwan. <Accessed 2019-08-18>

American Viper Jets a Boost to Taiwan’s Defences ‘but No Game Changer’ with China (2019-08-19)
(South China Morning Post, By Minnie Chan and Lawrence Chung) A new fleet of new fighter jets on Taiwan would raise the cost to Beijing of attacking the island but would not change the balance of power across the Taiwan Strait. <Accessed 2019-08-24>

U.S. Military Sails Through Taiwan Strait After Chinese Protest (2019-08-23)
(CNA, By Matt Yu and Emerson Lim) A United States military vessel sailed through the Taiwan Strait this Friday, according to Taiwan's Ministry of National Defense (MND). The passage comes only two days after China publicly announced its opposition to the potential sale of F-16 fighter jets to Taiwan. <Accessed 2019-08-24>

Visit of U.S. Research Ship Not Related to F-16V Deal: AIT (2019-08-23)
(CNA, By Yen Cheng, Matt Yu, and Emerson Lim) A United States naval research vessel docked at Taiwan's Keelung Port on Thursday and will depart on September 2. The American Institute in Taiwan (AIT) denied that the arrival of the ship is connected to the possible sale of F-16V fighter jets to Taiwan. The vessel will be conducting exchanges with National Taiwan University (NTU) during its stay. <Accessed 2019-08-24>

Taiwan's President (and Her Challenger) Thank US for $8 Billion F-16V Sale (2019-08-24)
(The Diplomat, By Nick Aspinwall) Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen and Kaohsiung Mayor Han Kuo-yu thanked the United States for the sale of the $8 billion F-16V fighter jets to Taiwan. The sale of the fighter jets is currently waiting for approval from the U.S. Congress. <Accessed 2019-08-24>
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Taiwan's 'Silk Road of Democracy' (2019-08-18)
(The Diplomat, By Wen Lii) In July, Taiwan's ruling Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) sent a delegation to visit the Dalai Lama in India. The meetings demonstrate closer bilateral cooperation between Taiwan and Tibetans. Furthermore, Taiwan hopes to form stronger ties among Taiwanese, Hong Kongers, Tibetans, Uyghurs and Chinese who are pro-democracy, which is in line with Taiwan's "Silk Road of Democracy" initiative. <Accessed 2019-08-18>

Pro-Independence TAPA Launched in Taipei (2019-08-19)
(Taipei Times, By Jason Pan) A new Taiwanese political party, the Taiwan Action Party Alliance (TAPA), was launched Sunday during an event held in Taipei. According to its charter, the party's primary goals include achieving Taiwanese independence and earning permanent membership in the United Nations. The party was founded by groups closely associated with former Taiwanese President Chen Shui-bian, and Chen has publicly announced his support. <Assessed 2019-08-20>

Taiwan's New Power Party Faces Crisis after Departure of Heavyweights (2019-08-20)
(The Diplomat, By Nick Aspinwall) Several heavyweights of the New Power Party (NPP) have announced their departure from the party, leaving the NPP with a crisis of leadership and identity. The NPP has to decide whether it will continue to be an alternative to the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) and Kuomintang (KMT), Taiwan's two major parties. <Accessed 2019-08-20>

Solomon Islands MPs Support for Ties with Taiwan a Good Sign: MOFA (2019-08-21)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh) Fifteen visiting parliamentarians from the Solomon Islands publicly announced their support for maintaining diplomatic relations with Taiwan rather than switching recognition to China. The visit is part of a reevaluation of the nation's diplomatic relations, which some believe may signal the possibility of the Solomon Islands switching recognition. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) thanked the parliamentarians for their statement. <Accessed 2019-08-22>

MOFA to Push UN Participation Ahead of General Assembly (2019-08-24)
(Taipei Times, By Lin Chia-nan) Taiwan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) will urge the United Nations (UN) to allow Taiwanese participation and membership ahead of the 74th General Assembly session next month. MOFA intends to submit a three-part proposal that includes ending the exclusion of Taiwanese citizens from the UN system, allowing Taiwanese to visit the UN headquarters, and permitting Taiwanese participation at UN events. <Accessed 2019-08-25>
U.S.-China Relations
US Extends Limited Reprieve on Tech Sales to China’s Huawei (2019-08-19)
(Associated Press, By Frank Bajak) The United States is extending the limited exemptions placed on products being sold to Huawei for an additional 90 days. The exemptions are being prolonged in order to allow American firms additional time to end their reliance on Huawei, according to the Commerce Department. Although companies can request permits to sell sanctioned technology to Huawei, the U.S. government has yet to grant any licenses. <Accessed 2019-08-19>

After 5G, Space Opens a New Frontier in US-China Rivalry
(The Diplomat, By Nicholas Borroz) Countries are not only caught in between the US-China rivalry in light of the US blacklisting Huawei but could also potentially be forced to choose sides in the US-China space race as China catches up to the US in space technology. Countries can initiate measures to resist external pressures by signing bilateral agreements with each other or larger multilateral deals. <Accessed 2019-08-20>

Realities Clash with Idealism in Today's Asia (2019-08-20)
(The Diplomat, By Walter Lohman) It is important to understand the reality of what China's rise means in order to maintain peace and uphold liberal values. Most countries in the Indo-Pacific region are not concern about geopolitical risk China poses and they are very likely to accept China's investments under its Belt and Road Initiative. <Accessed 2019-08-20>

The United States Will Miss China's Money (2019-08-20)
(Foreign Policy, By Zachary Karabell) While the ongoing trade war between the U.S. and China has received immense attention, Americans should pay attention to the declining Chinese investment in the U.S. as the effect would be far-reaching. Chinese investments in the U.S. act as a powerful source of leverage and influence for change that the U.S. possesses. <Accessed 2019-08-20>

China Threatens Retaliation Over U.S. Arms Sale to Taiwan (2019-08-21)
(Bloomberg, By Staff Writer) The U.S. Congress was formally notified of the proposed $8 billion fighter jet sale to Taiwan this week, to which China threatened to sanction American firms participating in the arms deal. China threatened similar action in response to last month's arms sale between the U.S. and Taiwan; however, no sanctions were implemented. A Taiwanese government spokesperson stressed the importance of the deal for cross-strait stability. <Accessed 2019-08-21>

Trump Says He's Raising Tariffs on China After Its Retaliation (2019-08-23)
(Bloomberg, By Joshua Gallu) China announced Friday that it would impose further tariffs on $75 billion of American products in response to President Trump's planned tariffs on Chinese goods. In retaliation to China's announcement, Trump announced an increase in tariffs on Chinese imports, including a five percent tariff increase on $250 billion worth of goods. The new tariff rates are expected to go into effect in the coming months. <Accessed 2019-08-24>

Trump's Economic Iron Curtain Against China (2019-08-24)
(Foreign Policy, By Michael Hirsh) U.S. President Donald Trump seeks to separate the U.S. from China but dissociating the U.S. from China could have far-reaching consequences. The U.S. and Chinese economies are very integrated that decoupling from China would eventually hurt the U.S. more than China. <Accessed 2019-08-24>

America is Losing the Second Space Race to China (2019-08-24)
(Foreign Policy, By Greg Autry and Steve Kwast) Despite the possibility of China neutralizing The United States' geopolitical power with China having the capability to control global information flows from space, the U.S. can still win the space race with China. The U.S. can partner with the private sector to build sustainable infrastructure that would provide a better economic future for the U.S. and the world. <Accessed 2019-08-24>

One Year Into the US-China Trade War, Trump is Still Far from Winning (2019-08-24)
(The Diplomat, By Dingding Chen and Tiffany Chen) The United States' trade war with China appears to escalate without any signs of clear strategies, goals and endgames, and U.S. President Donald Trump is far from winning the U.S.-China trade war. The Trump administration has yet to accomplish its two main goals, which are addressing trade deficit and restraining China's technological enhancement and influence. <Accessed 2019-08-24>

Trump Ordered U.S. Companies to Leave China. Is That Possible? (2019-08-24)
(New York Times, By Keith Bradsher and Alan Rappeport) In the space of 24 hours, President Trump ordered American businesses to leave China and suggested in a tweet that he has the authority to do so. <Accessed 2019-08-24>

China and Russia Take Aim at US in Rare Security Council Meeting over Missile Ambitions (2019-08-24)
(South China Morning Post, By Lee Jeong-ho) China and Russia traded accusations with the United States at the United Nations Security Council on Thursday, calling each other a threat to international peace and security. The argument erupted at a meeting of the 15-member council requested by Beijing and Moscow to discuss “statements by US officials on their plans to develop and deploy medium-range missiles”. <Accessed 2019-08-24>
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Beijing and Hong Kong

Will Hong Kong Flare Up or Flame Out? (2019-08-18)
(Foreign Policy, By Kathryn Salam) The recent protests in Hong Kong, which started as a result of the controversial extradition bill, flared up due to the nature of Hong Kong's relationship with China. Whether Hong Kong's battle in defending its freedom and democracy will persist or not depends largely on each Hong Konger's role in education the next generation. <Accessed 2019-08-18>

With Troop Buildup, China Sends a Stark Warning to Hong Kong (2019-08-19)
(New York Times, By Steven Lee Myers and Javier C. Hernández) By massing the troops within view of Hong Kong, the semiautonomous territory convulsed by protests, China’s Communist Party is delivering a strong warning that the use of force remains an option for Beijing. It is also a stark reminder that military power remains a bedrock of the party’s legitimacy. <Accessed 2019-08-24>

Hong Kong Protesters Clash with Police, Angry at Lack of Prosecutions after Subway Mob Attack
(Reuters, By James Pomfret and Greg Torode) Thousands of Hong Kong protesters gathered at the Yuen Long subway station where exactly one month ago a mob attacked passengers and protesters. Protesters occupied the station in response to the lack of prosecutions of those who conducted the attack last month. During the sit-in, some protesters clashed with police while others blocked station exits or roads near the station. <Accessed 2019-08-21>

Twitter Reveals China's Influence Campaign Targeting Hong Kong Protests
(The Diplomat, By Tami Abdollah) In an effort to curb hostile political activity on its social media platform, Twitter announced that it has suspended more than 200,000 accounts that were used to influence campaign targeting Hong Kong's protest movement. China denied knowledge of the allegations. <Accessed 2019-08-22>

Hong Kongers Can't Always Tell Cops from Comrades (2019-08-22)
(Foreign Policy, By Matthew Sweet) Footages of Hong Kong protesters roughing up a man suspected of being an undercover police officer were used against the Hong Kong pro-democracy movement, with the movement being branded as violent and deplorable. The tactic of police infiltration is not new and has been frequently utilized by governments. <Accessed 2019-08-22>

Beijing is Shooting its Own Foot in Hong Kong (2019-08-24)
(Foreign Policy, By Antony Dapiran) China's handling of the situation in Hong Kong could potentially hurt China on the international stage. China has initiated a "You're either with us or you're against us -style" campaign, forcing multinational firms to publicly declare their positions on the Hong Kong protests. <Accessed 2019-08-24>

In Hong Kong Protests, Tear Gas and Violence End a Period of Calm (2019-08-24)
(New York Times, By Raymond Zhong and Steven Lee Myers) Violence returned to the streets of Hong Kong on Saturday, as the police fired tear gas and protesters threw stones and gasoline bombs, signaling the end of a period of relative calm in the city. <Accessed 2019-08-24>

China's Foreign Relations

Sino-Indian Relations: Wuhan Spirit Under Growing Strain
(The Diplomat, By Rajeswari Pillai Rajagopalan) While India and China hope to maintain the Wuhan Spirit, it appears that the Wuhan Spirit is under serious strain. China alleged that India's repeal of Article 370 of the Indian constitution challenges China's sovereign rights and interests. In response, India stated that since India was not raising any additional territorial claims, China's concerns were misplaced. <Accessed 2019-08-20>

China Says Employee of U.K.’s Hong Kong Consulate Has Been Freed (2019-08-23)
(New York Times, By Raymond Zhong) An employee of Britain’s consulate in Hong Kong who had been detained in mainland China for weeks has been released, the police said on Saturday. <Accessed 2019-08-24>

Payra Seaport Won't Be Another Chinese 'Pearl'
(The Diplomat, By Connor Fairman) While India has warned about China's involvement in the Indian Ocean, Bangladesh's Payra Seaport is unlikely to be a Chinese asset. This is due to its unfeasible location, poor supporting infrastructure and Bangladesh's low risks for external debt distress. Nonetheless, Bangladesh's dependence on China for the future of its infrastructure benefits China. <Accessed 2019-08-24>

European Firms Seek Chinese Private Sector Allies in Push to Reform State Sector (2019-08-24)
(South China Morning Post, By Keegan Elmer) European businesses are trying to make common cause with Chinese private firms in an effort to push Beijing to reform state-owned enterprises. Foreign companies and the Chinese private sector have long shared concerns about preferential treatment and regulatory red tape, but deteriorating economic conditions and the slow pace of reform from Beijing have pushed the two closer together. <Accessed 2019-08-24>
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
Territorial Disputes

China's South China Sea Militarization has Peaked
(Foreign Policy, By Steven Stashwick) Increasing its overt military capability on its artificial islands in the South China Sea does little to increase China's control over the vital maritime crossroads. Despite the limited strategic and operational value of these islands, China is increasing its militarization of the islands to demonstrate the governing legitimacy and political primacy of the Chinese Communist Party. <Accessed 2019-08-22>

The Korean Peninsula

North Korea Launches 2 Missiles, Its 7th Weapons Test in a Month
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-Hun) North Korea launched two short-range ballistic missiles on Saturday, two days after South Korea decided to pull out of a military intelligence-sharing agreement with Japan. <Accessed 2019-08-24>

Other Regional Issues

Foreign Ministers of China, Japan, South Korea Set to Meet Amid Seoul-Tokyo Tensions
(The Diplomat, By Ankit Panda) Chinese Foreign Ministry announced on Friday that the foreign ministers of China, Japan and South Korea will meet in Beijing on August 21. The Chinese Foreign Ministry further added that the upcoming meeting between China, Japan and South Korea will lay the groundwork for a leaders' summit. <Accessed 2019-08-20>

US-Southeast Asia Counterterrorism Cooperation in the Headlines with New Philippines Training Facility (2019-08-20)
(The Diplomat, By Prashanth Parameswaran) The U.S. and the Philippines signed a memorandum of understanding to establish a new Regional Counterterrorism Training Center in the Philippines. The MOU seeks to boost bilateral counterterrorism partnership between the U.S. and the Philippines, including Washington's commitment to address terrorism and violent extremism in the Philippines and Southeast Asia. <Accessed 2019-08-20>

South Korea Says It Will End Intelligence-Sharing Deal With Japan, Adding to Tensions (2019-08-22)
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-Hun, Motoko Rich and Edward Wong) South Korea said on Thursday that it would abandon a military intelligence-sharing pact with Japan, a move that dramatically escalates tensions between the two countries and underscores the United States’ diminishing leadership in the region. <Accessed 2019-08-24>

What Asia Can Expect from the G7 (2019-08-24)
(East Asia Forum, By Yves Tiberghien) For all the best intentions of the summit, it may only finally confirm that this cross-Atlantic alliance of democracies complemented by Japan is too fragmented and inward-oriented to generate new ideas, institutions, or contributions to global public goods. <Accessed 2019-08-24>

China Urges Dialogue During Trilateral Meet with Japan, South Korea (2019-08-24)
(The Diplomat, Shannon Tiezzi) As the tension between Japan and South Korea continue, foreign ministers from both countries were in Beijing for a trilateral dialogue with China. Despite the ongoing tension, it appears that plans for a trilateral summit between China, Japan and South Korea are still on. <Accessed 2019-08-24>

Contact: James Lee, Senior Editor 

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Recent Publication Kharis Templeman, Yun-han Chu, and Larry Diamond (eds.), Dynamics of Democracy in Taiwan: The Ma Ying-jeou Years (Lynne Rienner Publishers)
Forthcoming Publication Mei-Fang Fan, Deliberative Democracy in Taiwan: A Deliberative Systems Perspective (Routledge)
Recent Publication Kerry Gershaneck, "To Win without Fighting: Defining China's Political Warfare" (Expeditions with Marine Corps University Press)
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