::: TSR Weekly Report
2019-08-17 | NO.43(33) epaper |
Note to Readers
TSR is pleased to announce newly published books about Taiwan and East Asia on its website and in its weekly newsletter. If you're a scholar or your book is coming out from an academic press, please send the title of your book and a link to the publisher's web site to TSR's Senior Editor, James Lee (JL18@alumni.princeton.edu).
Cross-Strait Relations
Support for Hong Kong Protestors Lands Taiwan Politician in Hot Water (2019-08-12)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung)
Huang Jie, a New Power Party councillor from Kaohsiung, posted on Facebook Saturday asking for donations of supplies to be sent to Hong Kong protestors. Opposition Kuomintang councillor Chan Chiang-chun responded by saying that Huang’s post violated the newly revised national security law which prohibits Taiwanese donations of supplies and aid to “hostile countries”, including Hong Kong and Macau. Taiwanese police said they would let prosecutors determine whether Huang did indeed violate the law. <Accessed 2019-08-14>

Crash Knocked Chinese Mystery Warship’s Secret Tech Onto Taiwan Freighter
(Taiwan News, By Keoni Everington)
New information has been discovered about the mystery Chinese vessel that hit a Taiwanese freighter on July 31 after electronic equipment from the vessel that fell onto the freighter was thoroughly inspected. The only information that was revealed to the public was that the technology was highly sensitive and that the vessel was a Type 055 destroyer. <accessed 2019-08-14>
U.S.-Taiwan Relations
Trump Administration Approves F-16 Fighter Jet Sales to Taiwan (2019-08-16)
(New York Times, By Edward Wong) The Trump administration is moving forward with an $8 billion sale of F-16 fighter jets to Taiwan, American officials said Friday. The move is certain to further anger China at a time when a long-running trade war between Washington and Beijing has upended relations between the world’s two largest economies and contributed to stock market turmoil. <Accessed 2019-08-20>
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
British Delegation Visits Taiwan to Discuss Security Issues (2019-08-11)
(CNA, By Emerson Lim) A seven-person British delegation arrived in Taiwan on Saturday for a week-long visit focusing on national security and defense. The delegation is expected to meet with President Tsai Ing-wen, as well as the foreign minister and officials from the Ministry of National Defense (MND) and the Mainland Affairs Council (MAC). <Accessed 2019-08-11>

Taiwan’s 2020 Elections: Too Many Unknowns and Incalculables
(IPP Review, By John F. Copper) In conclusion, there currently are too many unknowns and incalculables to make a reasonable prediction about who will win Taiwan’s 2020 election. But as many of the “what ifs” cited above are answered in coming weeks and months, there will be better evidence to foresee the election’s outcome. <Accessed 2019-08-14>
U.S.-China Relations
Questioning Yenching Scholars won't Solve America's China Conundrum (2019-08-12)
(The Diplomat, By Erin Dunne) The FBI was questioning graduates of the Yenching Academy to determine whether American students who had participated in the program were recruited as spies for China. Questioning these students does not adequately address the problems surrounding China's expanding power. The U.S. must take strategic steps to pursue relevant information about China's activities, strengthen ties with its allies and demonstrate support for international organizations. <Accessed 2019-08-12>

Trump Says ‘Hong Kong Is Not Helping’ in Trade War With China (2019-08-15)
(New York Times, By Daniel Victor) In his most extensive comments on the months of unrest in Hong Kong, President Trump said on Wednesday that China should “humanely” settle the situation before a trade deal is reached. His comments, delivered on Twitter, for the first time tied the fate of pro-democracy protesters to a trade deal with China, a top administration priority. <Accessed 2019-08-20>

As China Cracks Down on Uighurs, a Uighur American Joins the White House (2019-08-16)
(Foreign Policy, By Amy Mackinnon and Robbie Gramer) Elnigar Iltebir, a Uighur American, was appointed as director for China at the National Security Council. Her role is to help manage China policy on issues relating to trade, military and human rights. <Accessed 2019-08-16>

America's Anti-China Mood is Here to Stay (2019-08-16)
(The Diplomat, By Joe Renouard) Despite optimists being hopeful that there could be a breakthrough on the trade talks between the U.S. and China, there is a growing anti-China mood in Washington. The U.S. describes China as a "whole-of-nation" threat that warrants a reciprocal response from Americans. Such counter-China sentiments could be seen in executive statements and legislative reports on security, trade and military. <Accessed 2019-08-16>

China Rejects Request for Hong Kong Port Call on 2 US Navy Warships (2019-08-16)
(The Diplomat, By Franz-Stefan Gady) China denied two U.S. Navy warships port visits to Hong Kong due to the escalating political crisis on the controversial extradition bill in Hong Kong. China has continuously warned the U.S. not to interfere in Hong Kong. <Accessed 2019-08-16>
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Universities are Turning a Blind Eye to Chinese Bullies (2019-08-12)
(Foreign Policy, By Kevin Carrico) Confrontations have taken place in universities in New Zealand and Australia between Chinese Mainland and Hong Kong students in light of the recent Hong Kong protests. University administrations are not responding to the ongoing intimidation, harassment and violence. <Accessed 2019-08-12>

How India's Kashmir Move May Complicate its Border Dispute with China (2019-08-12)
(The Diplomat, By Ankit Panda) India's announcement to repeal Article 370 of the Indian constitution to end the special status for the state of Jammu and Kashmir could potentially complicate future border talks with China. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying accused India's unilateral act of changing its domestic law as undermining China's territorial sovereignty. <Accessed 2019-08-12>

Fashion Firms Apologize for Implying Taiwan and Hong Kong Separate from China (2019-08-12)
(The Guardian, By Lily Kuo)
The Hong Kong protests have seemingly inspired a wave of nationalism among Chinese citizens, leading to massive backlash against large fashion labels in response to company websites and T-shirts listing Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan, are sovereign countries. Among the brands that apologized are Coach, Givenchy, Asics, Calvin Klein, and Versace. This comes after public Chinese figures have terminated their relationships with the brands as a symbol of protecting Chinese sovereignty. <Accessed 2019-08-14>

Upgrading the ASEAN–China Free Trade Agreement (2019-08-14)
(East Asia Forum, By Jayant Menon and Anna Cassandra Melendez) In 2015, ASEAN and China signed an upgraded protocol to improve the original Framework Agreement for the ASEAN–China Free Trade Area (ACFTA). The upgraded protocol entered into force in July 2016 and implementation will start from August 2019. <Accessed 2019-08-20>

Hong Kong Airport Shuts Down Amid Pro-Democracy Protest (2019-08-14)
(The Diplomat, By Yanan Wang and Christopher Bodeen) Hong Kong International Airport cancelled all flights as thousands of pro-democracy protesters gathered at the airport's main terminal on Monday. Beijing has designated the protest movement as "terrorism". Many luxury fashion brand firms are forced to distance themselves from the protesters and signal their support for China's position on Hong Kong. <Accessed 2019-08-14>

Why Latin American Populism is Bad News for China (2019-08-14)
(The Diplomat, By Antonio C. Hsiang) The new populist governments in Latin America could potentially affect China's strategic partnerships in the region. Brazil, under Bolsonaro, is working toward a free trade agreement with the U.S. Mexico, on the other hand, has approved the USMCA. <Accessed 2019-08-14>

In Africa, China is the News (2019-08-14)
(Foreign Policy, By Aubrey Hruby) China has greatly expanded its media presence in Africa and influenced Africa's telecommunications, data and information standards. China's increasing investment in established African media companies has allowed Beijing to use these media subsidiaries to spin narratives favorable to Chinese interests. <Accessed 2019-08-14>

China State Media Present Their Own Version of Hong Kong Protests  (2019-08-14)
(NPR, By Emily Feng and Amy Cheng)
In response to the Hong Kong protests, China has begun to utilize its state media outlets to shape Chinese mainlanders’ perceptions of the protests. They have been pointing fingers mainly at foreign influence, specifically from the United States. This has sparked a wave of nationalism among Chinese nationals, both in China and abroad, who have spoken up in support of Hong Kong police. <Accessed 2019-08-14>

Germany’s Angela Merkel, France’s Foreign Minister Call for Dialogue to Defuse Hong Kong Tensions after China Rejects EU Statement on Protests (2019-08-15)
(South China Morning Post, By Stuart Lau) German Chancellor Angela Merkel on Wednesday jumped into the fray of Hong Kong’s anti-government protests, calling for an end to violence and a start to political dialogue. <Accessed 2019-08-20>

Going From Hong Kong to Mainland China? Your Phone Is Subject to Search (2019-08-15)
(New York Times, By Raymond Zhong) Chinese border officers have begun routinely searching the phones of people who enter mainland China from Hong Kong, raising concerns that Beijing is trying to identify travelers sympathetic to the territory’s protest movement and further control what its people see about the unrest. <Accessed 2019-08-20>

How Close is Hong Kong to a Second Tiananmen? (2019-08-15)
(Foreign Policy, By Jude Blanchette) The question remains whether China will use its paramilitary forces to quell the protests in Hong Kong. Deploying paramilitary forces in Hong Kong would be costly to China as Hong Kong is the financial capital of Asia. <Accessed 2019-08-15>

Beijing's Paranoia Sees the CIA Under Every Rock (2019-08-15)
(Foreign Policy, By Thomas Kellogg) China wishes to influence the Chinese citizens into believing that the pro-democracy protests in Hong Kong are the result of foreign intervention, most notably the U.S. The Chinese Communist Party could actually believe their own propaganda that "hostile foreign forces" are behind the Hong Kong protests. <Accessed 2019-08-15>

China Border Agents Search Through Hong Kong Travelers’ Phones (2019-08-15)
(Bloomberg, By Lulu Yilun Chen, Fion Li, and Steven Yang) Hong Kongers attempting to travel to mainland China are being asked to unlock their smartphones for examination by Chinese agents along the border. The officials are reportedly searching texts, social media accounts, and photos for images, texts, and discussions of Hong Kong's ongoing protests. Travelers have responded by only carrying old or wiped devices when traveling into China in order to avoid scrutiny. <Accessed 2019-08-17>

Cathay Pacific C.E.O.’s Resignation Shows China’s Looming Power Over Hong Kong Unrest (2019-08-16)
(New York Times, By Raymond Zhong and Ezra Cheung) The resignation is a sign that China appears willing to put pressure on Hong Kong’s highest-profile businesses to show how serious it is about quelling the unrest, which it has described as “close to terrorism.” <Accessed 2019-08-20>

Will Beijing Use Force to End the Hong Kong Protests? (2019-08-16)
(The Diplomat, By Shannon Tiezzi) The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has many tools that it could use to quell the Hong Kong protest movement without resorting to its military or paramilitary. Nonetheless, we should not rule out the possibility of Beijing deploying the People's Armed Police (PAP). The CCP has used the PAP to quell protests in Xinjiang and Tibet. <Accessed 2019-08-16>

China has Limited Options in Hong Kong (2019-08-16)
(The Diplomat, By Abbas Faiz) Despite China losing its patience with the recent public unrest in Hong Kong, Hong Kong law prevents China from deploying its military in Hong Kong unless officially requested by Hong Kong's Chief Executive Carrie Lam. Moving troops into Hong Kong to quell the protests could have serious international implications for China and could potentially damage China's reputation on the global platform. <Accessed 2019-08-16>

Flights Restart at Hong Kong Airport as Protesters Apologize (2019-08-16)
(The Diplomat, By Vincent Thian and Yanan Wang) Flights finally resumed at Hong Kong's international airport after two days of occupation by protesters. A group of protesters issued a statement via email apologizing to passengers for causing delays to their flight schedules. <Accessed 2019-08-16>

China's Type 001A Carrier Continues Sea Trials Amid Possible Complications (2019-08-16)
(The Diplomat, By Ankit Panda) China's Type 001A carrier will continue with its sea trials despite reports of possible complications. Besides testing the carrier's ability to move on the seas, the trials will also test its ability to recover and launch aircraft. <Accessed 2019-08-16>

Understanding Civil-Military Relations and Anti-Submarine Warfare (2019-08-16)
(The Diplomat, By Robert Farley) The Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) has greatly developed its anti-submarine capabilities over the past 10 years and devoted greater resources and attention to the anti-submarine mission. The PLAN's anti-submarine capabilities include air, surface and subsurface systems to hunt and kill U.S. and Japanese subs. <Accessed 2019-08-16>

China's J-20 Stealth Fighter Today and Into the 2020s (2019-08-16)
(The Diplomat, By Rick Joe) Going into the 2020s, there is a likelihood that China will further expand the production of J-20 using Al-31 variants or WS-10 variants interim engines. However, it is still uncertain as to how many J-20s the People's Liberation Army (PLA) will acquire. <Accessed 2019-08-16>

Huawei Denies Helping Governments of Uganda and Zambia Spy on Political Opponents (2019-08-17)
(South China Morning Post, By Jodi Xu Klein) Huawei Technologies sent a letter to The Wall Street Journal on Friday, denying the publication’s bombshell report describing how China’s tech giant allegedly helped the governments of two African nations spy on their political opponents. <Accessed 2019-08-20>
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
Territorial Disputes

Chinese Survey Ship Returns to Disputed Waters Claimed by Vietnam (2019-08-15)
(Al Jazeera, By Staff Writer) A Chinese survey ship, accompanied by Chinese coastguard vessels, has reentered disputed South China Sea territory that is claimed by Vietnam. The move is part of the month-long tension between Vietnam and China over the presence of the survey vessel near the Spratly islands. Vietnamese ships are closely monitoring the Chinese vessel as it moves within Vietnamese-claimed waters. <Accessed 2019-08-17>

The South China Sea Island China Gave Away (2019-08-16)
(The Diplomat, By Zhen-Gang Ji) In a secret agreement in 1957, Chairman Mao Zedong decided to hand over Bach Long Vi to North Vietnam. The decision to transfer Bach Long Vi to North Vietnam was because of Mao and Ho Chi Minh's revolutionary friendship and a shared common anti-American goal. <Accessed 2019-08-16>

The Korean Peninsula

North Korea Says It Tested New Type of Missile, Further Enhancing Its Arsenal (2019-08-11)
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-Hun) North Korea said on Sunday that the two projectiles it fired a day earlier were a new type of missile, making this the third new short-range ballistic missile or rocket system the North has successfully tested in less than a month as Washington struggles to resume talks on denuclearization. <Accessed 2019-08-20>

North Korea Launches 2 Projectiles; South Korean Experts Blame Trump
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-Hun) North Korea launched two projectiles yet again off its east coast on Friday, as South Korean analysts said President Trump’s repeated downplaying of the North’s weapons tests had given it a free hand to conduct them. <Accessed 2019-08-20>

Other Regional Issues

South Korea Retaliates Against Japan in Trade and Diplomatic Rift (2019-08-12)
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-Hun) South Korea retaliated against Japan on Monday in a diplomatic and trade dispute between the two key American allies, deciding to remove its neighbor from its list of countries entitled to preferential treatment in trade. <Accessed 2019-08-20>

Waning of American Power? Trump Struggles With an Asia in Crisis
(New York Times, By Edward Wong) But as violence escalates and old animosities are rekindled across Asia, Washington has chosen inaction, and governments are ignoring the Trump administration’s mild admonitions and calls for calm. Whether it is the internal battles in India and Hong Kong or the rivalry between two American allies, Japan and South Korea, Mr. Trump and his advisers are staying on the sidelines. <Accessed 2019-08-20>

South Korea Leader Appeals to Japan as Dispute Festers
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-Hun) President Moon Jae-in of South Korea on Thursday struck a conciliatory note toward Japan after weeks of bitter feuding between Washington’s two key Asian allies, expressing hope that the two economies could cooperate to mend a worsening trade dispute. <Accessed 2019-08-20>

ASEAN Joins the Indo-Pacific Conversation (2019-08-16)
(East Asia Forum, By Nazia Hussain) After months of deliberation and hesitation, ASEAN finally contributed to the discussion on the evolving Indo-Pacific concept. The ASEAN Outlook on the Indo-Pacific (AOIP) was officially released at the 34th ASEAN Summit in Bangkok at the end of June 2019. <Accessed 2019-08-20>

Contact: James Lee, Senior Editor 

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