::: TSR Weekly Report
2019-07-27 | NO.43(30) epaper |
Note to Readers
TSR is pleased to announce newly published books about Taiwan and East Asia on its website and in its weekly newsletter. If you're a scholar or your book is coming out from an academic press, please send the title of your book and a link to the publisher's web site to TSR's Senior Editor, James Lee (JL18@alumni.princeton.edu).
Cross-Strait Relations
 Beijing Measures Ineffective: Academics (2019-07-21)
(Taipei Times, By Chung Li-hua) Beijing’s “31 incentives” to attract Taiwanese citizens and businesses have only had a limited effect, according to Taiwanese academics. Statistics released by China’s Taiwan Affairs Office on Saturday demonstrated, for example, that the number of Taiwanese seeking careers in China hit a ten-year low in 2017. According to one academic, the lack of success is due primarily to limited freedoms that Taiwanese experience on the mainland. <Accessed 2019-07-23>

Taiwan Foreign Minister Calls for ‘Genuine’ Elections in Hong Kong (2019-07-22)
(Channel News Asia, By AFP/nc)
In response to police violence at ongoing protests, which originated because of a proposed extradition bill but have since developed to be in favor of general democratic reform, Taiwan’s foreign minister Joseph Wu tweeted that it was time for “genuine democratic elections” in Hong Kong. The protests have occurred every weekend for the past seven weeks and have sparked an even greater focus on the principals of democracy and freedom in the rhetoric of Taiwanese presidential hopefuls. <Accessed 2019-07-23>

Beijing Says Ready for War Over Taiwan Independence (2019-07-25)
(Taipei Times/Reuters) The Chinese Ministry of National Defense stated Wednesday that it is prepared for war if Taiwan attempts to officially declare independence. In the first defense white paper released in years, China blamed the United States for provoking increased competition and conflict in the region. The ministry also stated that the alleged agreement between China and Cambodia to station troops in Cambodia does not exist. <Accessed 2019-07-28>

China Deploys J-20 Stealth Fighter ‘to Keep Tabs on Taiwan’ (2019-07-27)
(South China Morning Post, By Teddy Ng) China’s J-20 stealth fighter has been officially deployed to the country’s Eastern Theatre Command, suggesting it will be focused on the Taiwan Strait and military activities between Japan and the United States, observers said. <Accessed 2019-07-27>
U.S.-Taiwan Relations
 Trip ‘Deepened’ Ties with United States: Tsai  (2019-07-22)
(CNA, By Wu Jui-chi and Chung Yu-chen)
President Tsai Ing-wen spoke at Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport after arriving back from her twelve-day trip to the U.S. and the Caribbean. She said that her longer stops in the U.S. allowed her to have more meaningful interactions with U.S. officials and scholars of various sectors. She also said she believes the U.S.-Taiwan relationship has “deepened” recently, in addition to commending Taiwan’s Caribbean allies for their continued support of Taiwan. <Accessed 2019-07-23>

High-profile US Stopovers Signal Stronger Ties with Taiwan, Island’s leader Says (2019-07-22)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Two high-profile presidential stopovers in the United States reflected a deepening of Taiwan’s ties with the US, the island’s leader said on Monday as she returned from a 12-day trip to four Caribbean allies. But analysts said there was no breakthrough in the US’ treatment of Taiwan and the island continued to be a pawn in Washington’s game of trade war strategy with Beijing. <Accessed 2019-07-27>

US-Taiwan Ties under Tsai Ing-wen Are at Their Best in Decades, but That May Not Be Enough to Prevent Diplomatic Isolation (2019-07-23)
(South China Morning Post, By Antonio C. Hsiang) Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen’s recent diplomatic trip from July 11 to 22 included two nights in the United States. Two days before Tsai’s departure, the United States showed support for its unofficial ally by tentatively approving arms sales worth US$2.2 billion to Taiwan. However, there are three reasons why Trump can hardly expect to save Taiwan from diplomatic isolation. <Accessed 2019-07-27>

Eleventh U.S. Warship Sails Through Taiwan Strait Since January (Update) (2019-07-25)
(CNA, By Matt Yu, Emerson Lim, and Chung Yu-chen) A US military ship passed through the Taiwan Strait on Thursday, the eleventh vessel to do so this year. The passage comes amid US-China tensions over trade and the release of a Chinese defense paper that declared that China will not renounce the use of force to resolve cross-strait issues. China regards such strait passages as potential reconnaissance missions, which may add to current tensions. <Accessed 2019-07-26>
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
 Presidential Race: Two-Way Race Against Han Favors Tsai: Poll (2019-07-23)
(Taipei Times, By Ann Maxon) According to a poll by the Taiwan Public Opinion Foundation, incumbent President Tsai Ing-wen would defeat Kaohsiung Mayor Han Kuo-yu in a two-way 2020 presidential race with 45 percent voting for Tsai and 40.1 for Han. However, if Taipei Mayor Ko Wen-je and Terry Gou were to enter the race as independents, the margin between Tsai and Han would shrink considerably, making it difficult to determine who would win. <Accessed 2019-07-26>

Will Taiwan Choose China or Choose the World? Its Next Presidential Election Will Determine Its Future (2019-07-25)
(South China Morning Post, By J. Michael Cole) With the selection of the candidates from Taiwan’s two main parties complete, the stage is now set for an acrimonious campaign to define the future of the island nation’s character, with implications for Taiwan’s relationship with China and the international community. <Accessed 2019-07-27>

Why the Hong Kong Protests Don't Guarantee a Tsai Victory in Taiwan (2019-07-26)
(The Diplomat, By Lev Nachman and Brian Hioe) The recent Hong Kong protests might not assure Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen's victory in Taiwan's 2020 presidential election. Tsai continues to face a myriad of institutional challenges in the domestic scene. Tsai faces challenges within her own party and Taiwanese voters are greatly influenced by social media platforms that are alleged to have traces of Chinese interference. <Accessed 2019-07-26>

Taiwan Gets Tough over Fake News Blamed on Beijing ‘Disrupting Its Democracy’ (2019-07-27)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Taiwan is taking sweeping action against rampant disinformation and the so-called red media in a bid to curb what it views as Beijing’s efforts to influence the self-ruled island’s politics and the upcoming presidential election. <Accessed 2019-07-27>
U.S.-China Relations
America's Obsession with Chinese Spying is Hurting Innocent people (2019-07-21)
(The Diplomat, By Chi Wang) The impression that Chinese spies have infiltrated American universities has a spillover effect on Chinese Americans and foreign nationals. This has culminated in Chinese Americans being treated like second-class citizens. <Accessed 2019-07-21>

The United States is Going After China's Banks (2019-07-22)
(Foreign Policy, By Beau Barnes, S. Nathan Park and Wade Weems) The U.S. is using its financial dominance against China's banks. A recent ruling in June, where the court found China's Shanghai Pudong Development (SPD) Bank's and two other Chinese banks in contempt for refusing to comply with a subpoena under the USA Patriot Act, has allowed the Trump administration to leverage all available authorities to advance U.S. national security and foreign policy interests. <Accessed 2019-07-22>

China Urges U.S. to Remove ‘Black Hand’ From Hong Kong Protests (2019-07-23)
(Bloomberg, By Staff Writer) China has demanded that the United States remove its "black hand" from Hong Kong's protests, accusing the U.S. of external influence in the city's recent political upheaval. Chinese accusations lodged against the U.K. and the U.S. have increased in recent weeks as both nations made statements urging China to respect Hong Kong protester's rights. US officials have rebuked the claims of American interference. <Accessed 2019-07-26>

China Accuses US of Undermining Global Security in Defence White Paper (2019-07-24)
(South China Morning Post, By Kristin Huang) China lambasted the United States on Wednesday for undermining global strategic stability in its first defence white paper since Chinese President Xi Jinping initiated a sweeping military reform in 2015. The report, “China’s National Defense in the New Era”, said at the outset that international security systems and order were undermined by growing hegemonism, power politics, unilateralism and constant regional conflicts and wars. <Accessed 2019-07-27>

A New Red Scare is Reshaping Washington (2019-07-26)
(New York Times, By Ana Swanson) A climate of fear that China presents an existential threat to the U.S. is being created and anti-China sentiments are spreading like wildfire. These fear and negative sentiments have fueled discrimination against students, scientists and companies with ties to China. The U.S. faces the dilemma of whether to continue engaging China or not. <Accessed 2019-07-26>

US State Department Worried by Beijing’s Hints It Could Use Troops to Put Down Hong Kong Protests (2019-07-26)
(South China Morning Post, By Owen Churchill) The United States government has expressed concern about recent statements by a senior Chinese military official suggesting that mainland forces could be deployed in Hong Kong to quell dissent on the city’s streets. “We note with concern the Chinese government’s statements,” a state department spokeswoman told the South China Morning Post on Thursday. <Accessed 2019-07-27>
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
 China Strikes Secret Deal to Allow Armed Forces at Cambodian Naval Base: WSJ (2019-07-21)
(Reuters, By Pete Schroeder and David Brunnstrom) China and Cambodian have signed a secret agreement that would allow China to station forces at a Cambodian naval base, according to the Wall Street Journal. The deal could allow China to better assert its contested territorial claims in the South China Sea. Both nations have denied the existence of such an agreement. <Accessed 2019-07-22>

Clashes Involving Hong Kong’s Protest Movement Grow Violent (2019-07-21)
(Associated Press, By Alice Fung and Yanan Wang) Violent clashes broke out this Sunday during demonstrations in Hong Kong as protesters pushed past police-designated end points and marched towards China’s Hong Kong Liaison Office. Protesters threw eggs and spray painted the building while police fired tear gas in an attempt to disperse demonstrators. The same day, masked assailants attacked Hong Kong subway passengers, including commuters wearing the attire associated with the pro-democracy protests. <Accessed 2019-07-22>

China Steps Up Defense of Xinjiang Policies in Government Report (2019-07-21)
(Bloomberg, By Staff Writer) In a recent article, the Xinhua News Agency called Xinjiang an “inseparable part” of China, blaming hostile forces for attempting to split the country apart. China continues to defend its crackdown in the region as necessary to fight terrorism and aid Xinjiang’s economic development. The central government released a document this Sunday that claims that Xinjiang has historically shared Chinese culture. <Accessed 2019-07-23>

Philippines Has Little Power Against China, Duterte Tells Lawmakers (2019-07-22)
(New York Times, By Jason Gutierrez) Mr. Duterte has come under particular criticism lately over his approach to China, setting off large-scale protests last month when he argued that there was little he could do to assert his country’s sovereignty in the face of Beijing’s military might. <Accessed 2019-07-27>

China's Emerging Security Partnership in Southeast Asia: Current Trends and Future Prospects (2019-07-24)
(The Diplomat, By Prashanth Parameswaran) China has been making significant progress in developing new security partnerships in Southeast Asia. This development is driven by China's goal to build a China-centric security order and a tendency for states to accommodate China's rise. Other major actors in the Indo-Pacific region can present alternatives for Southeast Asian states in managing the rise of China's security partnerships in the Asia-Pacific region. <Accessed 2019-07-24>

China, Russia Conduct First Ever Joint Strategic Bomber Patrol Flights in Indo-Pacific Region (2019-07-24)
(The Diplomat, By Franz-Stefan Gady) The Russian Ministry of Defense (MoD) announced that the Chinese People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) and the Russian Air Force conducted their first joint long-range aerial patrol in the Indo-Pacific region. The joint air patrol resulted in Japan Air Self Defense Force (JASDF) scrambling its fighter jets to intercept and escort the bombers, while South Korean fighter jets fired warning shots against the Russian aircraft. <Accessed 2019-07-24>

China to Release New White Paper on National Defense: What to Expect (2019-07-24)
(The Diplomat, By Ankit Panda) China's Ministry of National Defense (MND) announced on its website that it will release a white paper on the country's national defense strategy. The new white paper could present a sharper tone toward the U.S. in light of the current U.S.-China relationship and highlight the importance of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). <Accessed 2019-07-24>

Foreign Influence in Singapore: Old Threats in New Forms (2019-07-24)
(The Diplomat, By Muhammad Faizal Abdul Rahman) A recent report published by the Jamestown Foundation highlighted the Chinese Communist Party's (CCP) influence in Singapore's politics and society through exploiting the cultural and business associations, media and people of Chinese ethnicity in Singapore. While the Lion City must safeguard its nation against foreign influence, it must not fall prey to prejudices and suspicion which could lead to racism, xenophobia and ageism. <Accessed 2019-07-24>

China's Dissidents Can't Leave (2019-07-24)
(Foreign Policy, By Thomas Kellogg and Zhao Sile) China has been using exit bans most frequently against Chinese citizens. China's vague legal regime has given Chinese officials unlimited discretion to use exit bans against individuals whenever they see fit. As there is no effective review mechanism available for exit bans, individuals subjected to exit bans resort to negotiating with government officials to have the ban revoked. <Accessed 2019-07-24>

What Is the Chinese Military Doing in Hong Kong? (2019-07-25)
(New York Times, By Austin Ramzy) But in the 22 years since then, the People’s Liberation Army has had a very limited role in the city. This summer, however, after weeks of antigovernment demonstrations and some incidents of violence, questions about the military have been revived. <Accessed 2019-07-27>

Hong Kong's Protests Aren't just About the Extradition Bill Anymore (2019-07-25)
(The Diplomat, By Yuen Yung Sherry Chan) The Hong Kong protests, which started as a result of the controversial extradition bill, are now driven by other deep-seated issues. These issues range from the unchecked power of Hong Kong's police force to defending Hong Kong's cherished values of freedom and democracy. <Accessed 2019-07-25>

Innovation in the New Era of Chinese Military Power (2019-07-25)
(The Diplomat, By Elsa B. Kania) China's State Council Information Office has released China's new national defense white paper. The latest defense white paper documents China's defense policy, missions, military reforms and defense expenditure. The People's Liberation Army (PLA) is also preparing for technological and theoretical innovation to strengthen China's combat capabilities to correspond with China's standing and interests in the international arena. <Accessed 2019-07-25>

Hong Kong Protests Spread to Airport as City Fears More Unrest (2019-07-26)
(New York Times, By Austin Ramzy) During the rally at the airport on Friday, protesters, including some airline employees, chanted slogans and distributed leaflets listing demands, including a full withdrawal of the extradition bill. <Accessed 2019-07-27>

Chinese Shipbuilder Touts Warships amid Push to Expand Arms Sales in Southeast Asia (2019-07-26)
(South China Morning Post, By Liu Zhen) A Chinese state-owned shipbuilder is promoting its warships in Southeast Asia as part of Beijing’s increased efforts to expand arms sales in the region. <Accessed 2019-07-27>

Hong Kong Police Tear Gas Protest Against Mob Violence (2019-07-27)
(Associated Press, By Alice Fung and Katie Tam) A protest in Hong Kong on Saturday descended into clashes between police and demonstrators as protesters marched past police-designated endpoints. Hong Kong police fired tear gas in an attempt to forcefully disperse demonstrators that entered the neighborhood where a mob attacked protesters last week. Eleven people were arrested, and twenty-eight were hospitalized due to the fighting. <Accessed 2019-07-28>
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
Territorial Disputes

Why New Delhi will be Left Unfazed by China's New Defense White Paper (2019-07-25)
(The Diplomat, By Abhijnan Rej) China's latest Defense White Paper appears to not raise alarm for India as India appears to have taken steps to avoid clashing with China over the South China Sea. India dismissed rumors about the sale of its cruise missile to Vietnam and has indicated that it is not interested in drilling in the South China Sea. India has also kept mum about its commitment to freedom of navigation and of overflight in the South China Sea. <Accessed 2019-07-25>

The Korean Peninsula

Still No Clarity on Trump Commitment to North Korea's Kim on Military Exercises (2019-07-22)
(The Diplomat, By Ankit Panda) Since the North Korean Ministry of Foreign Affairs' announcement that U.S. President Donald Trump had agreed to cancel the U.S.-South Korea military exercises this summer, there has been no further clarification of Trump's commitment on this issue. However, if the military exercises were to proceed and North Korea were to interpret it as the U.S. violating its commitment, this could disrupt any potential working-level talks. <Accessed 2019-07-22>

Warning Shots by South Korea as Russia, China Launch Patrol (2019-07-23)
(Bloomberg, By Stepan Kravchenko, Isabel Reynolds, and Jihye Lee) South Korea has accused Russia of violating its airspace by flying an aircraft over an island claimed by South Korea during the first China-Russia joint air patrol. While Russia did confirm the presence of a Russian reconnaissance plane, the nation's defense ministry denied that it entered South Korean airspace. The South Korean military fired hundreds of warning shots near the plane in response. <Accessed 2019-07-25>

South Korea Says Russia Expressed ‘Deep Regret’ Over Plane Incursion (2019-07-24)
(New York Times, By Richard Pérez-Peña) South Korea’s government said on Wednesday that Moscow had expressed “deep regret” over the incident that prompted South Korean jets to fire warning shots near a Russian military plane, but a Russian spokesman countered that his country had not formally apologized. <Accessed 2019-07-27>

North Korea Says Missile Test Was ‘Solemn Warning’ to South (2019-07-25)
(Associated Press, By Foster Klug and Hyung-Jin Kim) North Korea on Thursday launched two short-range ballistic missiles, the nation’s first weapons test in two months. North Korea stated that the missile test was intended as a “solemn warning” regarding South Korea’s weapons development and plans for US-South Korean military exercises. North Korea’s announcement, however, avoided criticizing the U.S., a possible signal that North Korea wants to continue bilateral diplomacy. <Accessed 2019-07-26>

New North Korean Missile Comes With Angry Message to South Korea’s President
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-Hun) When North Korea said on Friday that it had tested a new, more advanced missile, it pointed the finger of blame at one man: Moon Jae-in, the South Korean president, who just last year embraced Kim Jong-un at their countries’ border. <Accessed 2019-07-27>

Other Regional Issues

Why Hasn't the ASEAN Economic Community Benefited from the US-China Trade War?
(The Diplomat, By Shah Suraj Bharat) The on-going trade war between the United States and China should have greatly benefitted the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC). Instead, the AEC has missed this golden opportunity as a result of its slow implementation, weak institutional design and "AEC a la carte commitments" where ASEAN members can choose to forego AEC commitments that are not politically convenient for them. <Accessed 2019-07-21>

Australia to Create New Pacific Military Unit in Bid to Woo the Region (2019-07-23)
(Reuters, By Colin Packham) Australia will create a new military unit for the purpose of training and aiding Pacific allies, according to Australia's defense minister. While the Pacific is primarily within Australia's sphere of influence, China has recently begun increasing aid to the Pacific's numerous island nations. Australia's decision as well as its growing aid to the region are an attempt to counter China's growing presence. <Accessed 2019-07-26>

US Backing for South Korea and Japan as China, Russia ‘Seek to Rebalance Military Might in Asia-Pacific’ (2019-07-24)
(South China Morning Post, By Lee Jeong-ho and Zhenhua Lu) The United States has given its backing to South Korea and Japan in response to airspace incursions by Chinese and Russian warplanes in the Asia-Pacific region this week, in the latest sign of a rebalancing of military influence in the area. <Accessed 2019-07-27>

Trump’s Incomplete Asia Strategy (2019-07-25)
(East Asia Forum, By Nick Bisley) Until the United States develops an economic approach to the region that links its objectives with its policy means, Washington will find it extremely difficult to achieve the goal of a free and open region. <Accessed 2019-07-27>

Contact: James Lee, Senior Editor 

Subscribe to the Taiwan Security Research Weekly Report!

Bulletin Board

Subscribe to the Taiwan Security Research Weekly Report!

Follow us on Facebook, Twitter, and Linkedin!
Recent Publication James Lee, US grand strategy and the origins of the developmental state, Journal of Strategic Studies
Recent Publication Elizabeth Freund Larus, Politics and Society in Contemporary China, 2nd edition (Lynne Rienner Publishers)
Recent Publication John F. Copper, ""Cross-Strait Relations in the Wake of Taiwan’s January 2016 Election: Taiwan’s Narratives" in Chineseness and Modernity in a Changing China: Essays in Honour of Professor Wang Gungwu, edited by Yongnian Zheng and Litao Zhao (World Scientific)
Recent Publication James Lee, American Diplomacy and Export-Oriented Industrialization on Taiwan (Journal of East Asian Studies)
Recent Publication J. Michael Cole, Cross-Strait Relations Since 2016: The End of the Illusion (1st Edition) (Routledge)
Recent Publication Kingsley Edney, Stanley Rosen, and Ying Zhu, Soft Power With Chinese Characteristics: China’s Campaign for Hearts and Minds (1st Edition) (Routledge)
Recent Publication John Franklin Copper, Taiwan: Nation-State or Province? (7th Edition) (Routledge)
Recent Publication Peter Mattis and Matthew Brazil, Chinese Communist Espionage: An Intelligence Primer (U.S. Naval Institute Press)
Recent Publication Takashi Inoguchi and Lien Thi Quynh Le, The Development of Global Legislative Politics: Rousseau and Locke Writ Global (Springer Singapore) (includes analysis of East Asian cases)
Recent Publication Hans Stockton and Yao-Yuan Yeh (eds.), Taiwan: The Development of an Asian Tiger (Lynne Rienner Publishers)
Recent Publication Dafydd Fell and Hsin-Huang Michael Hsiao (eds.), Taiwan Studies Revisited, 1st Edition (Routledge)
TSR received a favorable review by the Foreign Affairs (July/Aug 2000)
The Best of Asia-Pacific Web Award
TSR was honored with a Four-Star rating by the Asian Studies WWW Virtual Library. 

Read more
cron web_use_log