::: TSR Weekly Report
2019-06-15 | NO.43(24) epaper |
Note to Readers
TSR is pleased to announce newly published books about Taiwan and East Asia on its website and in its weekly newsletter. If you're a scholar or your book is coming out from an academic press, please send the title of your book and a link to the publisher's web site to TSR's Senior Editor, James Lee (JL18@alumni.princeton.edu).
Cross-Strait Relations
In Taiwan, the Tiananmen Tragedy Has a Special Resonance (2019-06-08)
(The Diplomat, By John Liu) In Taiwan, the Tiananmen Square incident reflects the importance of democracy, and Taiwan is one of only three places -- alongside Hong Kong and Macau -- in the Chinese-speaking world where the event is commemorated. For many people, the commemoration reminds Taiwan of its own history with authoritarianism. Taiwan, following its mass protests, sided with the people and slowly began its transition to democracy. <Accessed 2019-06-10>

Tiananmen June 4, 1989: Taiwan's Reaction
(Taiwan Insight, By John F. Copper) High officials criticized the Chinese government and the Chinese Communist Party and denied Taiwan had any involvement in starting what occurred. But in retrospect what Taiwan did not do was as important, arguably more important, than what it did do. <Accessed 2019-06-14>

Taiwan Groups Call for Countermeasures to Hong Kong Extradition Bill
(CNA, By Stacy Hsu) Various civic groups in Taiwan urged the Taiwanese government to adopt regulations as a countermeasure to Hong Kong's extradition bill which, if passed, would permit the Hong Kong government to send suspects to China for trial. The groups also urged the Taiwanese government to issue an emergency decree to suspend the Laws and Regulations Regarding Hong Kong and Macau Affairs if the bill is passed. <Accessed 2019-06-12>

Taiwan’s Kuomintang to Send Delegation to Mainland China Forum despite ‘Warning’ from Taipei (2019-06-12)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Taiwan’s main opposition party Kuomintang (KMT) will send a delegation to a cross-strait forum in mainland China this weekend despite warnings from the island’s government that it risks being disbanded if it engages in political talks or signs any agreements during the event. <Accessed 2019-06-17>

Revoke HK’s Special Status, NPP Says  (2019-06-12)
(Taipei Times, By Ann Maxon)
Following the announcement of the controversial proposed Hong Kong extradition bill, Taiwan’s New Power Party (NPP) legislators have urged President Tsai Ing-wen to strictly oppose the bill, specifically through expressing to China that Hong Kong will lose the special benefits it has because of its autonomous designation if the bill passes. The legislators and civic groups argued that if passed, the bill could be used to promote cross-Strait reunification. <Accessed 2019-06-12>

Top Officials to Attend Beijing Forum  (2019-06-12)
(Taipei Times, By Chung Li-hua and William Hetherington)
Despite the cancellation of six planned attendees, two deputy mayors and one country commissioner still plan to attend the Straits Forum next week in Beijing. The six cancellations were in response to the announcement that Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference National Committee Chairman Wang Yang will speak about President Xi Jinping’s “one country, two systems” model and the reunification of Taiwan and China. <Accessed 2019-06-12>

Flights Between Taiwan, H.K. Unaffected By Extradition Bill Protests (2019-06-12)
(CNA, By Wu Jui-chi and Evelyn Kao)
In response to the controversial extradition bill, many Hong Kong businesses have pledged to strike in protest. However, Taoyuan International Airport Corp said Wednesday that flights to and from Hong Kong International Airport will not be affected, so flights between Taiwan and Hong Kong will be unaffected by the protests. <Accessed 2019-06-12>

Tsai Urges Hong Kong Government to Hold Dialogue with Protesters (2019-06-13)
(CNA, By Stacy Hsu) In a press conference, President Tsai called on the Hong Kong government to start talks with protesters in regard to the proposed extradition bill after Hong Kong police fired tear gas and rubber bullets at protesters yesterday. The Hong Kong government has postponed its review of the bill due to the protests. <Accessed 2019-06-14>

Groups Protest at HK Office in Taipei (2019-06-13)
(Taipei Times, By Ann Maxon) Various civic groups and students protested outside the Hong Kong Economic, Trade, and Cultural Office in Taipei yesterday. The protesters gathered in opposition to the Hong Kong extradition bill, particularly against proposed amendments that would also allow Hong Kong to arrest and extradite visitors in the city to China. The groups again urged the Taiwanese government to prepare countermeasures to the bill. <Accessed 2019-06-14>

Taiwanese Companies Hit by US-China Trade War Lured back Home by Taipei (2019-06-15)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Taiwan’s President Tsai Ing-wen announced the incentive scheme last year and it came into effect in February. Since then, 66 companies have benefited from the programme – and committed to invest NT$330 billion in the self-ruled island – and the government said it was reviewing many more applications. <Accessed 2019-06-17>
U.S.-Taiwan Relations
 Despite China’s Tough Talk, US Should Move Forward With Taiwan (2019-06-06)
(The Diplomat, By Alan Hao Yang and Jeremy Huai-Che Chiang) Relations between the United States and Taiwan have improved greatly since both President Tsai Ing-wen and President Donald Trump have taken their respective offices. While the two countries have always been hesitant to upgrade their relationship due to Chinese pressure, times have changed and a better relationship would be in their best interests. Taiwan can now play a much greater role in its own security, and a partnership with the United States can further the goals of both countries in the region. <Accessed 2019-06-10>

Taiwan Confirms Request for US Tanks, Air Defense Systems (2019-06-07)
(The Diplomat, By Associated Press) Taiwan has announced that it intends to purchase over 100 tanks and several anti-missile and air defense systems from the United States. China immediately protested the announcement, saying that China firmly opposes all arms sales to Taiwan. The United States has not announced a formal timeline for the sale but has stated that the processing for the request is proceeding as normal. <Accessed 2019-06-10>

US Releases Photo of Taiwanese Major General at Indo-Pacific Military Talks (2019-06-10)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) The US Pacific Marine Corps has released photos showing a Taiwanese major general and a flag with the island’s emblem at an annual gathering of military leaders from the Indo-Pacific region, in another move certain to infuriate Beijing. <Accessed 2019-06-17>

Why The US May Lose Taiwan to Beijing Economically (2019-06-15)
(The Diplomat, By Charles I-hsin Chen) While the United States has increased its security commitment to Taiwan, it is equally imperative that the United States gives considerable attention to its economic ties with Taiwan. The United States could avoid losing Taiwan to China economically by renewing its Taiwan policy, restoring its economic diplomacy and revising its Indo-Pacific strategy. <Accessed 2019-06-15>

Ministry Eyeing Cooperation with New U.S. Diplomat (2019-06-15)
(Taipei Times/CNA) The United States has appointed David Stilwell to Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs. Stilwell, in his confirmation hearing, made calls for China to reopen peaceful dialogue with Taiwan. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) yesterday stated that it looks forward to working with Stilwell to develop closer Taiwan-United States cooperation. <Accessed 2019-06-16>
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Tsai Sidesteps Question on Support for Lai (2019-06-10)
(Taipei Times, By Sean Lin) During the Democratic Progressive Party's (DPP) televised presidential primary debate, president Tsai Ing-wen remarked that it is crucial that the candidate representing the DPP can realize the party's values through the new government, ensure party unity among party members and attract talent to join the administration. However, Tsai did not mention whether she would support former premier William Lai if he won the primary.<Accessed 2019-06-10>

Han Officially Announces Run in KMT Primary (2019-06-10)
(Taipei Times, By Wang Chun-chi, Yu Tai-lang and Jake Chung) Kaohsiung Mayor Han Kuo-yu officially announced his candidacy for the Chinese Nationalist Party's (KMT) presidential primary during a rally in Hualien. Han criticized the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) for causing public unhappiness and inter-party conflict. Han also pledged that he would not neglect the people in Yilan, Hualien and Taitung. <Accessed 2019-06-10>

The Fight Isn’t Over for Same-Sex Marriage Activists in Taiwan (2019-06-10)
(East Asia Forum, By Pan Wang) The campaign is not simply a case of split opinions on marriage — it touches on the paradoxes of democracy in Taiwan, including conflicted party identities that intertwine with religion and the clash of opposing political ideologies. <Accessed 2019-06-17>

Supporters of Tsai, Lai Take Out Newspaper Ads
(Taipei Times, By Yang Chun-hui and Jake Chung) Supporters of President Tsai Ing-wen and former premier William Lai removed newspaper ads in the same newspaper yesterday. The ad criticized the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) Central Executive Committee of changing the rules of the primary to benefit Tsai. <Accessed 2019-06-12>

Panel Names Five for KMT Primary (2019-06-11)
(Taipei Times, By Ann Maxon) The Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) anounced its presidential candidates yesterday. The candidates are Kaohsiung Mayor Han Kuo-yu, Hon Hai Precision Industry Co chairman Terry Guo, former New Taipei City mayor Eric Chu, former Taipei County commissioner Chou Hsi-wei and National Taiwan University political science professor Chang Ya-chung. The KMT would be conducting landline-based polls from July 5 to 15 to choose the primary's winner. <Accessed 2019-06-12>

DPP Presidential Poll Result to be Known Thursday (2019-06-11)
(CNA, By Yeh Su-ping, Wang Cheng-chung and Emerson Lim) An official from the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) stated that the result of the opinion poll for deciding the DPP's presidential candidate will be announced on Thursday. The opinion poll is conducted via cellphone calls and landline calls. <Accessed 2019-06-12>

Taiwan Aiming to Strengthen Cooperation with Central America: VP Chen
(CNA, By Stacy Hsu) Vice President Chen Chien-jen announced on Tuesday that Taiwan is looking forward to increase cooperation with countries in Central America. According to Chen, the Central American Parliament (Parlacen) has shown its support for Taiwan at several international events and Taiwan, on the other hand, has participated in more than 120 regional cooperation schemes through the Central American Integration System (SICA). <Accessed 2019-06-12>

Tsai Wins DPP Primary, Beating Lai by 8.2 Points (2019-06-13)
(CNA, By Stacy Hsu) President Tsai Ing-wen will represent the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) in Taiwan's 2020 presidential election, defeating her one competitor, former Premier Lai Ching-te, in polls conducted this week. This was the first time in which a sitting DPP president seeking reelection faced internal competition in the primaries. <Accessed 2019-06-13>

German Parliamentarians Urge Support for Taiwan Amid Hong Kong Turmoil (2019-06-13)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh) Members of the German parliament, on a visit to Taiwan, urged increased global support for Taiwan during Hong Kong protests and on issues of human rights. The delegation called for more exchanges between Germany, Taiwan, and the European Union. The group also stressed the need for Taiwan's inclusion in international organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO). <Accessed 2019-06-14>
U.S.-China Relations
 China Says List of ‘Unreliable’ Foreign Firms Coming Soon (2019-06-07)
(The Diplomat, By Ken Moritsugu) A spokesperson from the Chinese Commerce Ministry announced that China would soon release a list of "unreliable" foreign firms. Such a blacklist is seen as a response to the United States banning Huawei products from being sold in the United States without prior government approval. China has not announced what actions it would take with companies placed on the list. <Accessed 2019-06-10>

Both Sides to Blame for the US–China Confrontation (2019-06-10)
(East Asia Forum, By the Editorial Board) But much more will be needed — across issues ranging from cyber to maritime security and trade — if the region is to avoid the worst consequences of the growing confrontation between the United States and China. Sitting back and waiting for Trump and Xi to find common ground is no longer an option. <Accessed 2019-06-17>

China’s US Travel Alert: Weaponizing Tourism Amid the Trade War? (2019-06-12)
(The Diplomat, By Ankit Panda) This week, China announced a travel alert for Chinese citizens to the United States. It comes on the heels of numerous Chinese citizens being stopped and interrogated as they try to enter the United States, but it also may be an example of China's asymmetrical retaliation tactics regarding its ongoing conflict with the United States. Tourism may be another field where the two countries will continue their ongoing trade war. <Accessed 2019-06-10>

Trump Versus the Democrats on China (2019-06-13)
(IPP Review, By John F. Copper) Looking deeper into what might otherwise be common grounds with President Trump and an issue that might bring the two together, there are good reasons to believe the two are not at all of the same mind. <Accessed 2019-06-14>

The Risks of a 'Total' US-China Competition (2019-06-14)
(The Diplomat, By Robert Farley) While it may be too soon to initiate a warning that a New Cold War could be looming, it is crucial to clarify and explain the stakes of competition between the United States and China. Despite real differences between the United States and China, it is undeniable that the social, political and economic ties between both countries since the 90s, has greatly transformed their economies. <Accessed 2019-06-14>

China Summons US Envoy in Protest over Washington’s Condemnation of Hong Kong Extradition Bill (2019-06-14)
(South China Morning Post, By Kinling Lo) China summoned a US envoy in Beijing on Friday to protest against Washington’s condemnation of Hong Kong’s controversial extradition bill. <Accessed 2019-06-17>

Hong Kong Extradition Bill Complicates an Already Tense US-China Relationship (2019-06-15)
(South China Morning Post, By Teddy Ng and Liu Zhen) The row between Beijing and Washington over Hong Kong has exacerbated tensions between the two powers, but observers say neither side wants to push too hard because of the high cost involved. <Accessed 2019-06-17>
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
China’s Continued Courting of El Salvador (2019-06-08)
(The Diplomat, By Eleanor Albert) China and El Salvador have had diplomatic relations for under a year, so China's congratulatory message to El Salvador's newly-elected President deserves some unpacking. The new President is much more open to reassessing the relationship his country has with China, especially considering El Salvador's ties to the United States. While domestic issues in El Salvador are most likely to be his focus during his term, the relationship with China is sure to bring some attention. <Accessed 2019-06-10>

As China Looms, Australia’s Military Refocuses on Pacific Neighbors (2019-06-11)
(New York Times, By Jamie Tarabay) But as Australian forces wind down their presence in Afghanistan and Iraq, where they have served alongside American troops since the early 2000s, they are renewing their focus on Australia’s island neighbors, which have become a different kind of battleground as China seeks to expand its influence in the region. <Accessed 2019-06-17>

Violence Erupts During Latest Anti-Extradition Protest in Hong Kong (2019-06-13)
(The Diplomat, By Christopher Bodeen) Hong Kong students pledged to continue protesting the proposed extradition bill despite clashes with the police. The latest protest in Hong Kong presents a challenge to Chinese President Xi Jinping, who has remarked that he would tolerate such challenge to the Communist Party's authority. Currently, the status of the legislative process for the bill remains unclear. <Accessed 2019-06-13>

Hong Kong Protests Raise Stakes for Xi’s Hard-Line Agenda (2019-06-13)
(New York Times, By Chris Buckley and Steven Lee Myers) Yet again and again, instead of moving toward compromise or change, Mr. Xi and his subordinates have made hard-line decisions that have compounded and complicated pressures on the ruling Communist Party. <Accessed 2019-06-17>

What China is Saying About the Hong Kong Protests (2019-06-14)
(The Diplomat, By Shannon Tiezzi) While the recent mass protests in Hong Kong against the extradition bill received major news coverage around the globe, the Chinese media outlets have been downplaying the protests. On mainland China, Chinese media outlets reported that the majority of Hong Kong citizens supported the extradition bill and that the violent minority protesting the bill is linked to "foreign forces". However, a recent survey from the Public Opinion Program of the University of Hong Kong (HKUPOP) reported that 60% of respondents do not favor extraditing Hong Kong people to mainland China. <Accessed 2019-06-14>

How Hong Kong’s Leader Made the Biggest Political Retreat by China Under Xi (2019-06-15)
(New York Times, By Keith Bradsher) Yet on Saturday, she was forced to suspend indefinitely her monthslong effort to win passage of a bill that would have allowed her government to extradite criminal suspects to mainland China, Taiwan and elsewhere. Mrs. Lam’s decision represented the biggest single retreat on a political issue by China since Xi Jinping became the country’s top leader in 2012. <Accessed 2019-06-17>

Carrie Lam, Hong Kong’s Leader, Retreats, but Her Critics Want More (2019-06-15)
(New York Times, By Alexandra Stevenson and Tiffany May) But for most of the bill’s opponents, Mrs. Lam’s promise to indefinitely postpone the legislation was insufficient, signaling that the fight was not over for the embattled leader and foreshadowing more upheaval in the semiautonomous territory, where many still fear the bill could extend China’s reach. <Accessed 2019-06-17>
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
Territorial Disputes

The Rules-Based Maritime Order Is Not Completely Adrift (2019-06-12)
(East Asia Forum, By See Seng Tan) This reflected the shared commitment among the world’s maritime practitioners to the rules-based order. Their readiness to privilege peace-based principles over power is the best antidote to an Asia Pacific maritime domain increasingly marked by mistrust and tension. <Accessed 2019-06-17>

Largest Japanese Warship Joins US Supercarrier for Bilateral Deployment in South China Sea
(The Diplomat, By Ankit Panda) The United States and Japan released statements that the United States' Navy's forward-deployed aircraft carrier strike group carried out bilateral exercises with Japan's largest warship this week in the South China Sea. According to the U.S. Navy, the ships carried out communication checks, tactical maneuvering drills and liaison officer exchanges to handle common maritime security priorities and enhance interoperability at sea. <Accessed 2019-06-13>

China’s New Abnormal: European Patrols in Disputed Southeast Asian Waters (2019-06-15)
(South China Morning Post, By Richard Heydarian) China is no longer just facing resistance from the United States, but also transatlantic allies with growing strategic interests in the Indo-Pacific. <Accessed 2019-06-17>

Other Regional Issues

No Appetite for a ‘New Cold War’ in Asia (2019-06-09)
(East Asia Forum, By Amy King) Regional states will need to be prepared to take a leaf out of Lee Hsien Loong’s book and call out the misbehaviour of both the United States and China when they diverge from regional norms, and to work together to develop new norms on security and economic issues that remain under-regulated. <Accessed 2019-06-17>

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization Summit Kicks Off in Bishkek
(The Diplomat, By Catherine Putz) As the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) summit commences on June 14, it appears that while the SCO's Shanghai Spirit managed to curb the conflict between the members, there still remains friction between India and Pakistan who became formal members in 2017. Meanwhile, SCO members are silent on Xinjiang's camps in China, particularly with Kyrgyzstan's President Sooronbay Jeenbekov stating that it is China's own "internal matter". <Accessed 2019-06-14>

Contact: James Lee, Senior Editor 

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Forthcoming Publication Mei-Fang Fan, Deliberative Democracy in Taiwan: A Deliberative Systems Perspective (Routledge)
Recent Publication Kerry Gershaneck, "To Win without Fighting: Defining China's Political Warfare" (Expeditions with Marine Corps University Press)
Recent Publication James Lee, "Did Thucydides Believe in Thucydides’ Trap? The History of the Peloponnesian War and Its Relevance to U.S.-China Relations" (Journal of Chinese Political Science)
Recent Publication James Lee, US grand strategy and the origins of the developmental state, Journal of Strategic Studies
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