::: TSR Weekly Report
2019-05-04 | NO.43(18) epaper |
Note to Readers
TSR is pleased to announce newly published books about Taiwan and East Asia on its website and in its weekly newsletter. If you're a scholar or your book is coming out from an academic press, please send the title of your book and a link to the publisher's web site to TSR's Senior Editor, James Lee (JL18@alumni.princeton.edu).
Cross-Strait Relations
PFP Says Media Distorted Soong's Xinhua Interview (2019-05-01)
(Taipei Times, By Chen Yun and Jake Chung) The People First Party (PFP) remarked that the media has distorted the interview of PFP Chairman James Soong with Xinhua. Soong was quoted as saying that "Taiwan is a part of China". PFP Secretary-General Lee Hung-chun clarified that when Soong mentioned "China", he was referring to the Republic of China (ROC) and Soong never supported Beijing's "one China, two countries" political formula for Taiwan. <Accessed 2019-05-02>

Taiwan Voices Support for Uyghurs in China (2019-05-02)
(The Diplomat, By Wen Lii) Taiwanese citizens have raised concerns over the treatment of Uyghurs in Xinjiang by the Chinese Communist Party, guessing that their treatment under CCP rule would be similar to that suffered by the Uyghur population currently. The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) has voiced its support for the Uyghur population, claiming that it should be a point of bipartisan agreement in Taiwan. Taiwan has also made an effort to create a friendly and welcoming environment for religious minorities in the country, particularly for Muslims. <Accessed 2019-05-05>

China Could Use Force Against Taiwan in Push for Unification: Pentagon (2019-05-03)
(CNA, By Lu Tzu-ying and Frances Huang) In an annual military report, the U.S. Department of Defense stated that China could force Taiwan into unification by using air and missile attacks. It was also reported in the Pentagon report that Taiwan is losing out in military capabilities to China. The Pentagon further reported that the U.S. will provide defense articles to aid Taiwan in maintaining its self-defense capability. <Accessed 2019-05-04>

China: the Five-Letter Word Taiwan’s Kuomintang 2020 Hopefuls Hesitate to Spell Out (2019-05-04)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Taiwan’s presidential election is still eight months away but there is already an elephant in the room for the opposition Kuomintang hoping to defeat incumbent Tsai Ing-wen. It’s the “China factor” – the one issue KMT candidates are hesitant to mention but has played a big role in previous presidential polls. <Accessed 2019-05-08>

Will Taiwan Become a Refuge for Dissidents Wanted by China? Not So Fast. (2019-05-04)
(The Diplomat, By Nick Aspinwall) While Taiwan is vocal about its support of the rights of oppressed minorities in China, particularly regarding Uyghur Muslims in Xinjiang, Taiwan is hesitant to accept dissidents of the Chinese Communist Party as political refugees in Taiwan out of fear of retaliation from China. Taiwan does not have a formal process for asylum seekers and refugees, which has earned it some criticism from domestic human rights and democracy groups. However, the Tsai administration is more willing to hear refugee cases from China than previous Taiwanese administrations. <Accessed 2019-05-05>
U.S.-Taiwan Relations
U.S. Navy Uses New Tactic in Navigating Taiwan Strait: Expert (2019-04-29)
(CNA, By Matt Yu and Chung Yu-chen) According to Lu Li-shih, a retired lieutenant commander of Taiwan's Navy, the two American vessels that sailed through the Taiwan Strait on Sunday had their Automatic Identification System (AIS) on, thus allowing the vessels to be monitored on the MarineTraffic app. Lu remarked that turning on the AIS while passing through the Taiwan Strait demonstrates that waters in the region are international waters. <Accessed 2019-04-30>

U.S. Vessels Conduct 7th Transit of Taiwan Strait Since July 2018 (2019-04-29)
(CNA, By Matt Yu and Chung Yu-chen) Taiwan's Ministry of National Defense (MND) confirmed that the two American vessels that sailed through the Taiwan Strait on Sunday marked the seventh transit of U.S. vessels since July 2018. According to the MND, such transit by U.S. vessels through the Taiwan Strait represents the United States' mission toward a free and open Indo-Pacific. <Accessed 2019-04-30>

2 US Navy Warships Transit Taiwan Strait Following Chinese Navy’s 70th Anniversary (2019-04-30)
(The Diplomat, By Ankit Panda) Two U.S. Navy missile destroyers have transited the Taiwan Strait following the 70th anniversary commemoration of the start of the People's Liberation Army Navy. China had recently revoked France's invitation to the commemoration after France allowed a ship to transit the Strait earlier. A spokesman for the Navy stated that the ship's transit through the Taiwan Strait showed the United States's commitment to a free and open Indo-Pacific region. <Accessed 2019-05-05>

U.S Senate Approves Resolution Reaffirming Commitment to Taiwan
(CNA, By Chiang Chinye and Emerson Lim) The U.S. Senate has passed a resolution to reaffirm the Taiwan Relations Act (TRA) and Six Assurances. The passing of the resolution represents the United States' commitment to Taiwan. The resolution encourages high-level official exchanges between the U.S. and Taiwan and the transfer of defense articles to Taiwan. <Accessed 2019-05-02>

Trump Meets Taiwan’s Foxconn Boss-Turned-Politician Terry Gou at White House (2019-05-02)
(South China Morning Post, By Teddy Ng) Foxconn billionaire chairman Terry Gou has met United States President Donald Trump, saying he would still seek US support for Taiwan should he become the self-ruled island’s president. <Accessed 2019-05-08>

Foxconn’s Wisconsin Plant to Go Ahead as Planned, Says Terry Gou after Meeting Governor Tony Evers (2019-05-03)
(South China Morning Post, By Keegan Elmer) Foxconn’s billionaire chairman Terry Gou said the company’s plans for its Wisconsin plant had “never changed” after a meeting with the state’s governor, who appeared to reverse his previous criticisms of the project. <Accessed 2019-05-08>

Expert Praises Taiwan's Plans to Purchase F-16V Jets (2019-05-03)
(CNA, By Flor Wang and Yu Kai-hsiang) Su Tzu-yun, a Taiwanese military expert at the Institute for National Defense and Security Research, applauded the Taiwanese government's decision to purchase F-16V fighter jets from the US. Su remarked that since Chinese President Xi Jinping ascended to power, China has been increasing its military strength and economic power by building a strong national defense industry. <Accessed 2019-05-04>
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Taipei Forms Sister City Ties with Capital of Belize (2019-04-29)
(CNA, By Liang Pei-chi and Chung Yu-chen) Taipei Mayor Ko Wen-je and Mayor of Belmopan Khalid Belisle signed an agreement in Taipei to formalize a sister city relationship between the two cities. The agreement seeks to improve cooperation between both cities on issues, such as culture, trade, environment and tourism. <Accessed 2019-04-30>

Defense Must go High-Tech, Guo Says (2019-04-29)
(Taipei Times, By Shen Pei-yao) Hon Hai Group chairman Terry Guo explained that his statement that "the nation should rely on peace for national defense" meant that Taiwan should finance the development of advanced technologies, such as artificial intelligence applications, 5G wireless networks and 8K-resolution products. Guo further remarked that there should not be fear in facing China as there is no reason for Chinese people to attack Chinese people. <Accessed 2019-04-30>

Petition Calling for Tsai-Lai Presidential Ticket Gathers Momentum (2019-04-29)
(CNA, By Wen Kui-hsiang, Yeh Su-ping, Flor Wang, Chung Yu-chen) As many as 1,000 people have petitioned for President Tsai Ing-wen and former Premier Lai Ching-te to run a joint Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) ticket for next year's presidential election. The organizers, who launched the petition, consist of academics and civic groups. They have urged Tsai and Lai to work together for Taiwan's future. <Accessed 2019-04-30>

DPP Postpones Presidential Primary Until After May 22 (2019-05-01)
(CNA, By Yeh Su-ping, Wen Kuei-hsiang and William Yen) The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) announced on Wednesday that the party will postpone its presidential primary until after May 22. The DPP Secretary-General Lo Wen-jia remarked that the DPP is working on finalizing the procedure for the presidential primary. <Accessed 2019-05-02>

Terry Guo Urges Beijing to Give Taiwan International Space (2019-05-03)
(CNA, By Flor Wang and Chiang Chin-yeh) Hon Hai Group Chairman Terry Guo has asked China to allow Taiwan to participate in international activities while maintaining his stance that Taiwan is part of China and belongs to the Chinese nation. Gou remarked that if Taiwan continues to be isolated internationally, this would disrupt peace between China and Taiwan. <Accessed 2019-05-04>

Solomon PM to Consult Coalition on Ties: Ministry (2019-05-03)
(Taipei Times/CNA) The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) stated that the Solomon Island's newly elected Prime Minister, Manasseh Sogavare, will consult his coalition government before making decisions on the ties between Taiwan and the Solomon Islands. President Tsai Ing-wen confirmed that China continues to pressure Taiwan's diplomatic allies to switch ties from Taipei to Beijing. <Accessed 2019-05-04>

Soong Resigns as Senior Adviser to the President (2019-05-03)
(Taipei Times, By Lin Liang-sheng and Jake Chung) People First Party (PFP) Chairman James Soong announced that he will resign as Presidential Office senior adviser in light of the allegation that he supports China's "one country, two systems" political formula for Taiwan. Soong stressed that he would never support China's political formula as a solution on cross-strait issues and will continue to be steadfast in his stance in preserving Taiwan's democracy. <Accessed 2019-05-04>

Taiwan's Topsy-Turvy Cross-Strait Politics (2019-05-01)
(The Diplomat, By James X. Morris) Taiwan's parties are going through a sense of polarization, where the once-pro-status quo party has been reconnecting its ties with Chinese officials and the once-pro-independence party has had to fill the void by promising to uphold the status quo. As the 2020 election nears, several KMT voices have been under fire for having close ties to China. The DPP, as a result, has had to balance Taiwanese politics by taking on a traditionally-KMT-held policy position. <Accessed 2019-05-05>
U.S.-China Relations
 The US-China Visa War Is Just Getting Started (2019-04-29)
(The Diplomat, By Charlotte Gao) The "visa war" between the United States and China has gained more attention recently, referring to the U.S. government cancelling the visas of numerous Chinese students, businesspeople, and officials in the country. The U.S. FBI Director stated that many of these measures are being taken in the interest of national security against U.S. adversaries, one of which would be China. China has also been using visa cancellation as a diplomatic weapon for years. <Accessed 2019-05-05>

Beijing ‘Tones Down’ Response after US Warships Sail through Taiwan Strait (2019-04-29)
(South China Morning Post, By Minnie Chan) Beijing on Monday “expressed concern” after two US warships passed through the Taiwan Strait, but stopped short of lodging a “stern protest” as it has previously done over similar transits. <Accessed 2019-05-08>

US Security Concerns Force Cosco-owned Orient Overseas to Sell Long Beach Port in California (2019-04-30)
(South China Morning Post, By Enoch Yiu) A Hong Kong-based company has been forced to sell its American container port after the US government raised security concerns about its parent being a Chinese state-owned shipping giant. <Accessed 2019-05-08>

China Threatens to Blunt US Military Edge, Pentagon Warns (2019-05-03)
(South China Morning Post, By Minnie Chan and Catherine Wong) The Pentagon has warned that China’s military modernisation has the potential to erode core US advantages in technology and operations. <Accessed 2019-05-08>

Why the United States Is Taking Aim at China as Crisis Engulfs Venezuela (2019-05-04)
(South China Morning Post, By Shi Jiangtao) China is easily the regime’s biggest backer, supplying weapons and loans to Venezuela as many other investors have pulled out. But senior officials and military chiefs in the United States claim that that support amounts to propping up a dictator. <Accessed 2018-05-08>

China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Do We Need New Rules for China at the WTO? (2019-04-29)
(East Asia Forum, By Henry Gao and Weihuan Zhou) In short, the real problem is not the lack of rules to tackle China’s state capitalism, but the lack of utilisation of existing rules. WTO members — especially the major players — should start conducting well-coordinated countervailing investigations domestically and initiate ‘big, bold’ cases at the WTO to challenge China’s subsidies and state intervention in the market through SOEs. <Accessed 2019-05-08>

China’s Digital Silk Road: A Game Changer for Asian Economies
(The Diplomat, By Chan Jia Hao) The idea of the Digital Silk Road was featured at the second annual Belt and Road Forum in Beijing this year. It represents new opportunities for technological development among several Asian economies and is one of the key goals of development and connectivity under the Belt and Road Initiative. These opportunities can mean both greater communication abilities as well as greater competition among economies. <Accessed 2019-05-05>

Huawei’s Communist Culture Limits its Global Ambitions (2019-05-01)
(New York Times, By Li Yuan) Huawei wants to help determine the world’s technological future, and Mr. Ren himself has said the company may need to adapt to get there. But at its core, from its organizational structure to the way it builds employee loyalty, Huawei closely resembles the Chinese Communist Party itself. <Accessed 2019-05-08>

Xi Repeatedly Urges China’s Youth to Follow the CCP (2019-05-02)
(The Diplomat, By Charlotte Gao) At a ceremony commemorating the 100th anniversary of the May Fourth Movement, President Xi Jinping urged China's youth to love their country and follow the ideals of the Communist Party. While the May Fourth Movement was initially a rise against the then-current government of China, the CCP has reframed it as an outpouring of patriotism, which has allowed it to equate love of China with love of the CCP. This is not the only recent incident of Xi urging China's youth to love and follow the CCP's ideals. <Accessed 2019-05-05>

Is New Zealand’s Relationship with China on the Rocks? (2019-05-02)
(East Asia Forum, By Jason Young) As the Prime Minister’s visit shows, it is unlikely that New Zealand policy will move away from the goal of sustaining a constructive relationship with China. New Zealand remains reluctant to seek regional architecture that excludes China or other major regional powers. <Accessed 2019-05-08>

Making the Belt and Road Environmentally Sustainable (2019-05-03)
(The Diplomat, By Jackson Ewing) While the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) has many aspects that will research sustainability for the environment, its short-term implementation will nonetheless have some environmental consequences. China sets the principles for BRI's environmentally conscious expansion, but it is up to the host countries to implement these principles and follow through. China has taken steps to promote sustainability, but it remains to be seen if these will have a concrete effect on BRI investment. <Accessed 2019-05-05>

Might China Withdraw From the UN Law Of The Sea Treaty? (2019-05-03)
(The Diplomat, By Mark J. Valencia) China sees several reasons, including U.S. transits of the Taiwan Strait and its refusal to acknowledge that its claim over the territory surrounded by the Nine-Dash Line does not follow the stipulations of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), to withdraw from UNCLOS. China claims that the United States's Freedom of Navigation Operations (FONOPs) violate Chinese sovereignty and threaten its security. China's withdrawal from the treaty would have severe consequences for the international order. <Accessed 2019-05-05>

Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
North Korea Urgently Needs Food Aid After Worst Harvest in Decade, U.N. Says (2019-05-03)
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-Hun) About 40 percent of North Korea’s population is in urgent need of food aid after the country suffered its worst harvest in a decade, the United Nations said on Friday, even as its regime defied international sanctions in order to keep its nuclear weapons program. <Accessed 2019-05-08>

New North Korea Weapons Test Threatens Trump’s Diplomatic Achievement
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-Hun and Motoko Rich) When North Korea launched a volley of projectiles off its east coast on Saturday, it sought to escalate the pressure on President Trump to return to the negotiating table with a compromise on easing sanctions, analysts said, by signaling that it could scuttle his biggest diplomatic achievement with the North. <Accessed 2019-05-08>

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Recent Publication James Lee, US grand strategy and the origins of the developmental state, Journal of Strategic Studies
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