::: TSR Weekly Report
2019-04-06 | NO.43(14) epaper |
Note to Readers
Cross-Strait Relations
Taiwan Jets Intercept Chinese War Planes in Taiwan Strait (2019-04-01)
(CNA, By Matt Yu, Emerson Lin and William Yen) According to the Ministry of National Defense (MND), the Taiwan Air Force jets intercepted two J-11 fighter planes from the People's Liberation Army of China. Presidential Office spokesman Alex Huang remarked that Chinese warplanes are disrupting the status quo in the strait when they cross the median line in the strait. <Accessed 2019-04-01>

Unification Would Need Consensus: Ex-US Navy Officer (2019-04-01)
(Taipei Times/CNA) Scott Swift, a former US Pacific Fleet commander, remarked that unification of Taiwan and China should be supported by both nations and not through means of force and coercion. Swift encouraged more dialogues and discourses to increase stability throughout the region. <Accessed 2019-04-01>

Tsai Warns China Against Altering Status Quo
(CNA, By Flor Wang and Wen Kui-hsiang) In light of the recent interception by Taiwan's Air Force of two Chinese J-11 fighter planes crossing the median line of the strait, president Tsai Ing-wen issued a warning against China altering the status quo across the Taiwan Strait. The president remarked that Taiwan's military will defend the nation's democracy, sovereignty and security and Taiwan will not surrender an inch of territory to China. <Accessed 2019-04-02>

Fighter Incursion a Display of China's Displeasure at Taiwan-US Ties: Expert (2019-04-03)
(Taipei Times/CNA) According to a military expert, China was showing its dissatisfaction over the Taiwan-US relations when it sent its J-11 fighter jets across the median line of the Taiwan Strait. The Government officials stated that the intrusion sparked a 12-minute standoff between Taiwanese and Chinese warplanes. <Accessed 2019-04-04>

Taipei Slams ‘Provocative’ Chinese Air Force Fighters Cross Taiwan Strait Median Line (2019-04-01)
(The Diplomat, By Ankit Panda) The Taiwan Ministry of Foreign Affairs condemned China's sending two fighter jets into Taiwanese airspace on Monday morning. The incident occurred following the Trump administration's announcement that they would soon approve a Taiwanese request to purchase new F-16V multirole fighters. China remains deeply opposed to the purchase. <Accessed 2019-04-06>

Taiwan Vows ‘Forceful Expulsion’ of Chinese Fighters Flying in Taiwanese Airspace (2019-04-05)
(The Diplomat, By Nick Aspinwall) Following the flight of two Chinese fighter jets through Taiwanese airspace on March 30, Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen has promised the "forceful expulsion" of Chinese jets should a similar incident happen again. The Chinese jets retreated after the Republic of China Air Force scrambled its own jets on Sunday morning. Tensions on both sides of the Taiwan Strait have run high since the incident. <Accessed 2019-04-06>

U.S.-Taiwan Relations
 U.S. Calls on China to Stop Coercion After PLA Jets Cross Median Line (2019-04-01)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh) The U.S. has urged China to stop using coercion against Taiwan and resume cross-strait dialogue with Taiwan after Taiwan's Air Force intercepted two Chinese J-11 fighter planes crossing the median line of the strait. The American Institute in Taiwan (AIT) spokesperson Amanda Mansour remarked that China's unilateral action to alter the status quo is harmful and does not help with regional stability. <Accessed 2019-04-02>

Tsai, Pelosi Phone Call No Mention of Possible US Trip: FM (2019-04-01)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh) According to Foreign Minister Joseph Wu, Taiwan president Tsai Ing-wen had a phone conversation with U.S. House of Representative Speaker Nancy Pelosi during her transit stopover in Hawaii. However, Pelosi did not invite Tsai to speak at a joint session of the U.S. Congress. <Accessed 2019-04-02>

U.S. Warns China Against Use of Force Against Taiwan (2019-04-03)
(CNA, By Flor Wang) State Department spokesman Robert Palladino told reporters that the U.S. is against any unilateral actions by any party wishing to change the status quo. Palladino urged China to stop using coercion and resume dialogue with Taiwan. Meanwhile, U.S. National Security Advisor John Bolton remarked that military provocations from China would not win the hearts of Taiwanese. <Accessed 2019-04-04>

US Confirms Active Military Personnel Posted at AIT Since 2005 (2019-04-03)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh) The American Institute in Taiwan (AIT) confirmed that active U.S. military personnel have been posted as its Taipei office since 2005. AIT spokesperson Amanda Mansour stated that the military personnel are not in uniforms and did not disclose how many personnel are currently posted in AIT's Taipei office or will be posted at AIT's new compound. <Accessed 2019-04-04>

U.S. Elevating Relations with Taiwan: Lawmaker (2019-04-04)
(CNA, By Fan Cheng-hsiang, Chen Chun-hua, Wang Yang-yu and Emerson Lim) Taiwan's lawmaker stated that the admission for the first time that active Marine personnel have been posted at the American Institute in Taiwan's (AIT) Taipei office represents the elevation of U.S.-Taiwan relations. The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) lawmaker Wang Ting-yu remarked that the U.S. is gradually "normalizing" its relations with Taiwan and this represents a positive development in the U.S.-Taiwan relations. <Accessed 2019-04-04>

U.S. Senators Submit Resolution Reaffirming Commitment to Taiwan (2019-04-05)
(CNA, By Chiang Chin-yeh and Flor Wang) Several U.S. senators introduced a resolution to reaffirm the United States' commitment to Taiwan in commemoration of the 40th anniversary of the Taiwan Relations Act (TRA). The resolution encourages greater exchanges of high-level officials between both nations and regular transfers of defense articles to Taiwan. The resolution further urges the U.S. secretary of state to support Taiwan's participation in international organizations. <Accessed 2019-04-06>

Why a US Sale of Fighter Jets to Taiwan Matters (2019-04-03)
(The Diplomat, By John Lee) The Chinese military budget remains much higher than that of Taiwan, so Taiwan purchasing fighter jets from the United States would not shift the balance of power nearly as much as some analysts claim. However, Beijing's concern regarding an aircraft sale to Taiwan is not the actual military gains; rather, they are concerned with the United States's potential responses to aggression against Taiwan. An aircraft sale, the first major sale since 1992, would allow the United States to show that they stand behind Taiwan in the face of an increasingly aggressive China. <Accessed 2019-04-06>
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Eric Chu Calls for Speedy KMT Decision on Primary (2019-04-01)
(Taipei Times, By Huang Hsin-po) Former New Taipei City mayor Eric Chu urged the Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) to decide on the party's next presidential candidate. Chu remarked that additional delays could create complications and the KMT could not afford to be divided. <Accessed 2019-04-01>

Su Seeks Meeting of Tsai and Lai (2019-04-01)
(Taipei Times, By Sean Lin and Lee I-chia) Premier Su Tseng-chang announced that he would set up a meeting with President Tsai Ing-wen and former premier William Lai over the Democratic Progressive Party's (DPP) presidential primary. Lai's nomination has sparked concern among the party's members that the competition between Tsai and Lai could divide the party and hamper the DPP's chance of winning the 2020 presidential election. <Accessed 2019-04-01>

Honduran First Lady Arrives in Taiwan, to Meet with Tsai
(Taipei Times, By Stacy Hsu) Honduran first lady Ana Garcia has arrived in Taiwan to meet with President Tsai Ing-wen and Minister of Foreign Affairs Joseph Wu. According to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA), during her visit Garcia will discuss bilateral cooperation programs between both nations. <Accessed 2019-04-02>

No Date for Tsai and Lai to Meet, DPP Chair Says (2019-04-01)
(Taipei Times/CNA) According to the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) Chairman Cho Jung-tai, no date has been scheduled for a meeting with President Tsai Ing-wen and former premier William Lai to discuss the 2020 presidential election. A mediation team that was set up has held separate discussions with Tsai and Lai. The DPP is expected to announce the party's presidential candidate on April 24. <Accessed 2019-04-02>

Taiwan-Nicaragua Deal to Simplify Document Procedures Takes Effect (2019-04-01)
(CNA, By Ku Chuan and Evelyn Kao) The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) announced on Monday that a bilateral agreement signed between Taiwan and Nicaragua to eliminate the procedures to re-authenticate foreign documents took effect on March 26. According to MOFA, the agreement will increase convenience and provide mutual benefits for people in both nations by simplifying the procedures to legalize documents. <Accessed 2019-04-02>

Taiwan thanks Japan for Support after Chinese Jet Incursion (2019-04-01)
(CNA, By Ku Chuan and Ko Lin) Taiwan expressed its thanks and appreciation to Japan for its concern over the incident of two Chinese J-11 fighter planes that crossed the median line of the strait. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) remarked that the Taiwanese government will continue to boost its self-defense capabilities and cooperate with like-minded partners such as the U.S. and Japan to safeguard democracy, freedom, peace and stability in the Indo-Pacific region. <Accessed 2019-04-02>

Tsai-Lai Mediation is Ongoing: Chen Chu (2019-04-03)
(Taipei Times, By Yang Chun-hui and Jake Chung) Presidential Office Secretary-General Chen Chu announced that the mediation between President Tsai Ing-wen and former premier Williang Lai is ongoing. Meanwhile, Lai's spokesman Lin Sheng-che stated that invoking Article 10 would hurt the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP). Article 10 allows a primary-produced candidate to be vetoed by a party congress. <Accessed 2019-04-04>

Taiwan 'Unlikely' to be Invited to World Health Assembly: MOFA (2019-04-03)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh) An official from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) announced that Taiwan will most likely not be invite to the annual World Health Assembly (WHA) in May as a result of China's obstruction. According to Bob Chen, director-general of MOFA's Department of International Organizations, the Taiwanese government is still trying to push for Taiwan's inclusion, including seeking support from its diplomatic allies and other friendly nations. <Accessed 2019-04-04>

Taiwan Will Always be a Sovereign Country: Tsai (2019-04-05)
(CNA, By Yeh Tzu-kang, Tai Ya-chen and Ko Lin) President Tsai Ing-wen remarked on Friday that Taiwan will continue to be a sovereign and independent nation. Tsai's remark came as a response to an ongoing controversy of a sculpture erected at the London School of Economics (LSE), where Chinese students urged LSE to change the globe's original design to make Taiwan the same color as China. <Accessed 2019-04-06>

President Thanks Fighter Wing for Defending Nation (2019-04-05)
(Taipei Times, By Su Yung-yao) While inspecting Taiwan's air force's 4th Tactical Fighter Wing, President Tsai Ing-wen thanked the 4th Tactical Fighter Wing for defending the nation's airspace when two Chinese J-11 fighter jets crossed the median line of the Taiwan Strait. Tsai stated that as long as she is in office, she will continue to defend the nation's sovereignty, territory, democracy and freedom. <Accessed 2019-04-06>

U.K. Parliamentarians Step into Debate on Taiwan's Name of Statue (2019-04-05)
(CNA, By Tai Ya-chen and Chung Yu-chen) A group of British parliamentarians urged the London School of Economics (LSE) to restore the original designation of Taiwan on a giant globe sculpture on its campus. Two parliamentarians remarked that labelling Taiwan as part of China is inaccurate and misleading since Taiwan has never been a part of the People's Republic of China. The parliamentarians further remarked that LSE's decision to show Taiwan as part of China is not line with the UK's policy and practice. <Accessed 2019-04-06>

Think Tank Recommends Closer Alignment Between Taiwan, Canada (2019-04-05)
(CNA, By Hu Yu-li and Chung Yu-chen) Brett Byers, a communications manager of a Canadian think tank, stated that Taiwan is a natural choice for Canada in establishing closer alignment with free and democratic societies in the Indo-Pacific region. Byers remarked that democratic nations should work together in facing external challenges and send the message that when nations uphold the international norms, they are rewarded with partnership and cooperation. <Accessed 2019-04-06>

Chinese Author Warns Taiwan of China's Media Penetration (2019-04-05)
(CNA, By Flor Wang and Chen Chia-lun) He Qinglian, a Chinese author and economist living in the U.S., warned Taiwan that China has penetrated Taiwan's local media and advised Taiwan to take countermeasures to stop the spreading of fake news. He remarked that since 2009, China has initiated a 45 biilion Chinese yuan campaign to manipulate international opinions to favor China. <Accessed 2019-04-06>

Pushing Transitional Justice for Indigenous People: Canadian Expert (2019-04-05)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh) During an interview with CNA, Ry Moran, head of Canada's National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation (NCTR), remarked that pushing transitional justice for indigenous people creates a more harmonious society. Moran stressed that it is important for all societies to recognize that indigenous people have had many of their valuable things taken away from them for no reason. <Accessed 2019-04-06>
U.S.-China Relations
 Why the Pending U.S.-China Deal Will Not Suffice (2019-04-01)
(The Diplomat, By Roncevert Ganan Almond) The most likely options for settling the trade disputes between the United States and China currently on the table may not be the best method to enacting structural changes in China's politics and economic practices. Furthermore, enforcing such a deal while respecting each country's sovereignty may prove difficult. While such a deal may close a chapter on this incident of engagement between the United States and China, the full extent of the drama is only now unfolding. <Accessed 2019-04-06>

Beyond Tariffs: In the Trump Era, a New Trade War Arsenal (2019-04-01)
(The Diplomat, By Cybèle Greenberg and Jonathan Jeffrey) Both China and the United States hope that increasing domestic pressures will contribute to the easing of tensions between the two countries and a quicker end to the trade disputes. The trade war between the two countries has also brought new "weapons" into the dispute, including sanctions and judicial targeting. These new tools of economic war should be concerning for future analysts. <Accessed 2019-04-06>

A Bipartisan Congressional Group Supports Trump’s Tough-on-China Approach (2019-04-05)
(The Diplomat, By Bonnie Girard) While the vast majority of the media reports on U.S.-China trade negotiations cover the high-level negotiations among U.S. Treasury leadership and Chinese counterparts, little has been said about the other groups and agencies contributing to the efforts. The U.S.-China Working Group, for example, is made up of both Democrats and Republicans, and members from the group have expressed support for President Trump's negotiating efforts and methods. The rare bipartisan support for the efforts to end the trade war show a strong sign to China regarding the United States's determination to negotiate a deal. <Accessed 2019-04-06>

China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
 Italy Signs on to Belt and Road Initiative: EU-China Relations at Crossroads? (2019-04-03)
(The Diplomat, By Valbona Zeneli) Despite the European Union's recent meeting to discuss a coordinated strategy to counter China's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), Italy has signed a memorandum of understanding to join the BRI as a full member. China has been targeting "softer" economies in the EU to create inroads into more powerful European countries. If there is a joint European response, however, it cannot exclude Italy from its strategy. <Accessed 2019-04-06>

China May Deploy New Maritime Surveillance Platforms in South China Sea (2019-04-03)
(The Diplomat, By Steven Stashwick) The Ministry of National Defense has revealed several new remote sensing platforms that potentially may be deployed in the South China Sea. They could provide continuous surveillance of an offshore target, although their stated and demonstrated use will be for environmental and weather monitoring. This would play a significant part in China's existing surveillance network across the South China Sea. <Accessed 2019-06-04>

The Missed Opportunity in China’s Foreign Investment Law (2019-04-05)
(The Diplomat, By Pär Nyrén) The new foreign investment law introduced during China's "Two Sessions" this year overlaps existing laws and regulations rather than contributes to their strengths, and some critics believe that the new system could provide new barriers to foreign investment in China. However, the methods of implementation of the new systems introduced by the law remain unclear. Chinese leaders must discuss with foreign potential investors about the role of security screening in allowing foreign investments. <Accessed 2019-04-06>

Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues

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