::: TSR Weekly Report
2019-01-12 | NO.43(2) epaper |
Note to Readers
TSR is pleased to announce newly published books about Taiwan and East Asia on its website and in its weekly newsletter. If you're a scholar or your book is coming out from an academic press, please send the title of your book and a link to the publisher's web site to TSR's Senior Editor, James Lee (JL18@alumni.princeton.edu).
Cross-Strait Relations
When Approaching Reunification with Taiwan, What Lessons Can Beijing Learn from Its Experiences with Hong Kong? (2019-01-06)
(South China Morning Post, By Tammy Tam) But when it comes to Taiwan, the crux of the question should be this: does it necessarily mean replicating the Hong Kong model for the self-ruled island with a population of more than 25 million? The answer is no, and the reason is simple: Hong Kong and Taiwan are so different in many ways. <Accessed 2019-01-18>

Xi Jinping’s Taiwan Comments Likely to Scuttle Talks, Analysts Say
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Official talks between Taiwan and mainland China are unlikely to be held in the foreseeable future now that an understanding intended to allow the two sides to ditch their differences has been redefined, leaving the self-ruled island with no room to manoeuvre, observers said. <Accessed 2019-01-18>

Annette Lu Calls For a Neutral Taiwan
(Taipei Times, By Hsieh Chun-lin, Chung Li-hua and Sherry Hsiao) In light of Chinese president Xi Jinping's speech to urge a unification between China and Taiwan, former vice president Annette Lu stated that it would be impossible to keep the "status quo". Lu instead proposed three directions for Taiwan, namely to accept China's "one China, two systems" political formula, to declare Taiwan's independence formally, or for Taiwan to be a permanently neutral nation. <Accessed 2019-01-08>

Most Taiwanese Back Security Network for Cross-Strait Exchanges: Poll (2019-01-09)
(CNA, By Miao Zong-han and Evelyn Kao) A recent poll conducted by the Cross-Strait Policy Association showed that almost 90 percent of the respondents favor Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen's proposal for a three-part security network for cross-strait exchanges. The poll also found that 80 percent of the Taiwanese people do not accept China's "one country, two systems" political formula. <Accessed 2019-01-10>

Foreign Scholars Urge Taiwan to Counter China's Threat (2019-01-09)
(CNA, By Chiang Chin-ye and Evelyn Kao) In an open letter, as many as forty-four foreign scholars and former U.S. government officials urged the Taiwanese people to support President Tsai Ing-wen and stand united against China's threats. In the letter, they also praised the Taiwanese people for their courage in defending their nation's democracy amid China's pressures. They further urged the Taiwanese people to see that China's threat is a way to create civil unrest in Taiwanese society. <Accessed 2019-01-10>

 U.S. Tells China to Stop Coercion, Resume Dialogue with Taiwan (2019-01-10)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh)
The American Institute in Taiwan spokesperson Amanda Mansour said Thursday that the U.S. has reiterated its desire that cross-Strait tensions are resolved peacefully and has urged China to stop coercion and resume cross-Strait dialogue. Since Xi Jinping’s speech, other U.S. officials have also expressed similar statements. <Accessed 2019-01-10>

KMT to Establish ‘Exchanges Center” (2019-01-10)
(Taipei Times, By Stacy Hsu)
The KMT announced Wednesday that it intends to establish a new center aimed at promoting exchanges between the KMT and the Chinese Communist Party. KMT Mainland Affairs Committee director Chou Jin-shine proposed the idea, which was met with support from local KMT leaders, to promote bilateral cross-Strait city and township exchanges. KMT Chairman Wu Den-yih said he hopes this center can help promote cross-Strait relations based on the original “1992 consensus”. <Accessed 2019-01-10>

Taiwan Launches into Combat Training with Plans for Live-Fire Drill to Fend Off Mainland China Attack (2019-01-10)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Taiwan will stage a live-fire drill on the island next week, the first in a series of exercises this year to test the military’s ability to fend off an attack from mainland China. According to a notice from the 10th Army Corps, a drill simulating an invasion via the city of Taichung will be held in Fanzailiao in central Taiwan early on January 17. <Accessed 2019-01-18>

Is This the End of the ‘1992 Consensus’? (2019-01-11)
(The Diplomat, By Gary Sands) While President Xi Jinping called for the peaceful reunification of Taiwan with the Chinese mainland, he implied that military force would still be an option. However, President Tsai Ing-wen responded with her "Four Musts," four demands that must be satisfied before cross-strait negotiations could continue. Some observers are questioning whether this signals an end to the 1992 Consensus, the original agreement that paved the way for past cross-strait talks. <Accessed 2019-01-12>

Is Xi Jinping’s Taiwan Reunification Push Hastening a US-China Clash? (2019-01-13)
(South China Morning Post, By Shi Jiangtao) Government advisers and analysts warn that the deadlocked cross-strait relations are entering a dangerous period, with an expectation of escalating tensions in the months ahead as an increasingly isolated Taipei tilts further towards Washington, seeking a hedge against Beijing’s aggressive pressure campaign. <Accessed 2019-01-18>
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
 Nauru President Visits Taiwan (2019-01-07)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh) Taiwan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) announced that Nauru's President Baron Divavesi Waqa is in Taiwan for a five-day state visit. MOFA remarked that President Waqa's trip shows a stable and strong relationship between Taiwan and Nauru. MOFA further stated that both nations will continue to have close cooperation in various areas, such as agricultural and cultural exchanges, capacity building, clean energy, healthcare and medicine. <Accessed 2019-01-08>

New DPP Chairman to Set Up Party-Government Platform (2019-01-07)
(CNA, By Ku Chuan and Evelyn) The newly elected chairman of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) Cho Jung-tai proposed to set up a party-government platform consisting of the president, premier, DPP legislative caucus whip and party chairperson. Cho remarked that the party's 2020 presidential candidate will also be included in the party-government platform. Cho also expressed hope that the proposed platform will provide DPP lawmakers an opportunity to play a more proactive role in the policy making process. <Accessed 2019-01-08>

Taiwan Welcomes Pope's Appointment of Special Envoy to Taipei (2019-01-07)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh) On Monday, Taiwan welcomed Cardinal Fernando Filoni, Pope Francis' appointment of a special envoy, who will be attending a National Eucharistic Congress in March in Taiwan. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) remarked that the appointment of the special envoy to Taiwan shows a strong bilateral relation between Taiwan and the Holy See. <Accessed 2019-01-08>

President Did Not Use "Welcome" for British Base: Presidential Office (2019-01-07)
(CNA, By Matt Yu and William Yen) Taiwan's Presidential Office released a statement on Monday to explain that President Tsai Ing-wen did not use the word "welcome" for a British military base in the South China Sea. The statement was released in light of a report by a foreign media. The Presidential Office remarked that the president was expressing Taiwan's principle to keep the peace in the area and further added that the government continues to be open toward any contributions in maintaining peace and freedom of navigation in the region. <Accessed 2019-01-08>

Taiwan, Nauru Leaders Agree to Expand Bilateral Cooperation (2019-01-08)
(CNA, By Matt Yu and Evelyn Kao)
At a luncheon on Tuesday, President Tsai Ing-wen expressed her hope for more bilateral cooperation and exchanges between Taiwan and Nauru. Nauru President Baron Divavesi Waqa also mentioned his intention to strengthen bilateral relations and expressed his thanks for Taiwan’s assistance in various cooperation programs. He also expressed Nauru’s commitment to supporting Taiwan’s position in the international community. <Accessed 2019-01-08>

Military Lays Out Drill Plan for 2019 (2019-01-09)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh) Maj. Gen. Yeh Kuo-hui, chief of the Ministry of National Defense's Operations and Planning Division, announced that the nation's annual major drill plans for 2019 will be divided into four major parts. The drill plan aims to increase the military's capabilities to counter any invasion and defend the nation, particularly in light of Chinese President Xi Jinping's warning against Taiwan that China will resort to use force if deemed necessary. <Accessed 2019-01-10>

Taiwan and Southeast Asia Have a ‘People-Centric’ Exchange Problem (2019-01-10)
(The Diplomat, By Nick Aspinwall) Taiwan's New Southbound Policy has led to some criticism from opposition lawmakers, particularly those who think that certain programs under the policy may facilitate the spread of human trafficking and indentured workers into Taiwan. The cases of several missing Vietnamese tourists and students tricked into low-paying jobs are examples of why the Democratic Progressive Party must address some domestic issues before reaching out to regional powers for partnerships. <Accessed 2019-01-12>

Taiwan’s New Premier Su Tseng-chang Faces ‘Tough Task’ to Help Win Back Public Trust (2019-01-11)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Taiwan has named a new premier who will be tasked with helping President Tsai Ing-wen fight an uphill battle in next year’s polls amid tense cross-strait relations and fallout from the US-China trade war. Su Tseng-chang, 71, who has previously been Taiwan’s premier and chairman of the ruling Democratic Progressive Party, was appointed by Tsai after outgoing premier William Lai Ching-te and the entire cabinet resigned on Friday. <Accessed 2019-01-18>

Su Tseng-chang Named as New Premier  (2019-01-11)
(CNA, By Matt Yu, Wen Kui-hsiang and Elizabeth Hsu) During a press conference after the resignation of outgoing Premier Lai Ching-te and the Cabinet, Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen announced that former Premier Su Tseng-chang will be replacing Lai and will be leading the new Cabinet. Tsai expressed confidence in Su's experience and ability to carry out reforms, serve the Taiwanese people and defend Taiwan's sovereignty. <Accessed 2019-01-12>

U.K. Parliamentary Group Voices Support for President Tsai (2019-01-11)
(CNA, By Tai Ya-chen and Chi Jo-yao) The British-Taiwanese All-Party Parliamentary Group stated that they fully support Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen's unwavering stance in defending Taiwan's sovereignty and democracy. The U.K. group described China's threats against Taiwan as irresponsible and further expressed hope that China will respect the Taiwanese people's commitment to freedom and democracy. <Accessed 2019-01-12>

 Xi's Speech Shifts 'Status Quo': Senator (2019-01-11)
(Taipei Times/CNA) In light of Chinese President Xi Jinping's speech calling a unification between Taiwan and China, U.S. Senator Cory Gardner remarked that the United States' commitment to Taiwan would be stronger. Gardner further stated that he would resubmit the Taiwan Allies International Protection and Enhancement Initiative Act to the Congress, in which the Act allows the U.S. to minimize U.S. relations with any country that is hostile toward Taiwan. <Accessed 2019-01-12>

Nauru President Voices Support for Taiwan Amid China Threat (2019-01-12)
(CNA, By Lee Hsin-Yin, You Kai-hsiang and Christie Chen) At a press conference during a five-day state visit to Taiwan, Nauru President Baron Divavesi Waqa expressed support for Taiwan and told reporters that he strongly opposes China's "one country, two systems" political formula. Waqa also praised Taiwan as a nation that promotes freedom, democracy and human rights. <Accessed 2019-01-12>

New Premier to Keep Old Economics Team: Senior Political Source (2019-01-12)
(CNA, By Pan Tzu-yu, Hau Hsueh-ching, Ku Chuan and William Yen) According to a senior political source on Friday, Taiwan's newly appointed premier, Su Tseng-chang, will continue to keep the economics and finance team from the former Cabinet. However, Su will be making changes to other ministries and departments the source further added. <Accessed 2019-01-12>
U.S.-China Relations
The Meng Case: Extraterritorial Kidnapping or Rule of Law? (2019-01-08)
(East Asia Forum, By Ivy Lee) Sadly, if the United States is successful in imposing these secondary sanctions, it may demonstrate that might makes right. And the Meng case may come to signify how being a superpower makes it easier for the United States to contravene the rule of law. <Accessed 2019-01-18>

White House Urges Beijing to End Coercion and Talk with Taipei
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh)
Garrett Marquis, spokesperson of the National Security Council under the White House, on Monday called on Beijing to quit its coercion of Taiwan following Chinese President Xi Jinping’s speech, in which he mentioned the possibility of using force against Taiwan. Marquis asserted Washington’s opposition to any use of force by China against Taiwan and urged that peaceful cross-Strait dialogue is necessary. <Accessed 2019-01-08>

‘One Country, Two Systems’ Has No Market on Taiwan: Ex-AIT Head (2019-01-08)
(CNA, By Chiang Chin-yeh and Evelyn Kao)
In response to Chinese President Xi Jinping’s speech about Taiwan, former American Institute in Taiwan Chairman Richard Bush said Monday that Taiwanese people will not support Xi’s proposal of “one country, two systems”. He said that Xi ignored the critical feelings of national identity and hope for reunification among Taiwanese people. He also condemned Xi’s hinting at possible use of force and lack of room for adjustment to accommodate Taiwanese concerns in the proposal. <Accessed 2019-01-08>

The Strategic Consequences of a US-China Rift on Intellectual Property (2019-01-08)
(The Diplomat, By Robert Farley) The intellectual property question regarding China has started to turn towards questioning the effects of allowing China to access global technologies. The question is no longer whether or not China steals technologies, as the Trump administration would paint a picture surrounding. China, therefore, cannot solve its trade issues by improving compliance with IP regulation standards. <Accessed 2019-01-12>

Challenges for the US-China Trade War ‘Truce‘ (2019-01-08)
(The Diplomat, By Dingding Chen and Junyang Hu) Back in December, China and the United States agreed to a 90-day truce in instituting new tariffs in their trade disputes. So far, the truce seems to be working, but many challenges still remain in addressing the issues at hand. Both sides must understand that actions, not cosmetic changes and words, will solve the issues. <Accessed 2019-01-12>

Questioning the Presumption of a US-China Power Transition (2019-01-08)
(The Diplomat, By Ali Wyne) As China grows into a much more significant global power, Washington has made an effort to depict China in an adversarial light to the global public. However, observers often do not consider the possibility of a fluid coexistence between the two global powers, one with a dependence on the acceptance of tensions, impossibility of cooperation, and inconceivability of confrontation. Other countries with decent relations with both powers may bridge this gap. <Accessed 2019-01-12>

The Costs of Containing China (2019-01-09)
(East Asia Forum, By Hugh White) So the new Cold War with China will play out primarily as a bilateral military contest. The two sides will not necessarily go to war, but each side’s capacity to convince the other that they are willing to go to war will determine which of them prevails. <Accessed 2019-01-18>

Talks to End U.S.-China Trade War Now Shift to Make-or-Break Rounds (2019-01-09)
(New York Times, By Keith Bradsher) Three days of trade negotiations between midlevel American and Chinese officials ended in Beijing on Wednesday afternoon with progress in identifying and narrowing the two sides’ differences but little sense of when they might reach a deal. <Accessed 2019-01-18>

How China Might Repel the US Intellectual Property Trade Offensive (2019-01-09)
(The Diplomat, By Robert Farley) The trade disputes between the United States and China extend far beyond just intellectual property issues. The core conflict extends into the realm of strategic competition, and the United States's liberal international order cannot stand the emergence of China as a rising power. The United States must consider the costs of such a conflict against China. <Accessed 2019-01-12>

Chinese Investors ‘Facing Severe Situation in the US’ (2019-01-10)
(South China Morning Post, By Frank Tang) Chinese firms have been warned that the investment environment in the United States is rapidly deteriorating in a report that also called for more government protection for the country’s increasing overseas interests. In its sixth annual report evaluating country-specific investment risks, the Institute of World Economics and Politics, a government think tank under the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, ranked the United States investment environment as number 14 out the total of 57 countries, a drop of 10 places from a year ago. <Accessed 2019-01-18>

China’s Ambassador to Canada Blames ‘White Supremacy’ in Feud Over Arrests (2019-01-10)
(New York Times, By Raymond Zhong) China’s ambassador to Canada has said that “Western egotism and white supremacy” were behind calls for Beijing to release two detained Canadians, further straining relations between the countries after the arrest in Canada last month of a Chinese technology executive. <Accessed 2019-01-18>

After Latest US-China Talks, Where Does the Trade Truce Stand? (2019-01-11)
(The Diplomat, By Shannon Tiezzi) Both the United States and China expressed sentiments that the early January trade talks had gone well. However, China indicated that while some progress has been made, not every issue had been adequately addressed. As the end of the 90-day truce on new tariffs approaches, the two sides must better define their idea of "success" in order to mitigate the effects of the trade war. <Accessed 2019-01-12>

Donald Trump Won’t Be at Davos, But Trade Talks Could Go On Without Him (2019-01-11)
(South China Morning Post, By Catherine Wong) US President Donald Trump may have missed a chance to meet Chinese Vice-President Wang Qishan after he pulled out of the World Economic Forum in Davos, but analysts say trade talks between the two sides remain on track. <Accessed 2019-01-18>

Obviously, Beijing Wants to Make US-China Trade Talks Work (2019-01-12)
(The Diplomat, By Charlotte Gao) The conclusion of talks on January 9 between the United States and China, one day later than expected, suggests good signs in trade negotiations. The exact statements released on both sides, however, suggests that Beijing may have every reason to seek a deal with Washington as soon as possible. China must reign in its foreign troubles against a backdrop of increasing domestic tensions. <Accessed 2019-01-12>

An American Hotel That Reports to the Chinese State Council (2019-01-12)
(The Diplomat, By Bonnie Girard) The Crowne Plaza in Wilmington, Delaware, United States, is owned by the China Minmentals Corporation, a large corporation directly owned by the Chinese government. While few of the hotel employees are Chinese, Chinese investment in foreign real estate and business is not a new concept. The United States remains a target of state interest for Chinese business. <Accessed 2019-01-12>
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
China Says UN Officials Can Visit Xinjiang as Long as They ‘Avoid Interfering in Domestic Matters’ (2019-01-07)
(South China Morning Post, By Nectar Gan) UN officials are welcome to visit Xinjiang as long as they obey Chinese law and follow the procedures, China said on Monday as it seeks to counter a global outcry over its mass internment programme in the far western region. <Accessed 2019-01-18>

Kim Jong Un Makes Fourth Trip to China, At Xi Jinping’s Invitation
(The Diplomat, By Ankit Panda) Chinese state media has confirmed that North Korean Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un has made his fourth trip to China, reportedly at the invitation of President Xi Jinping. He has visited China three times in the past, and Xi has repeatedly emphasized the importance of their summits in bilateral relations between China and the DPRK. <Accessed 2019-01-12>

Twitter Users in China Face Detention and Threats in New Beijing Crackdown (2019-01-10)
(New York Times, By Paul Mozur) The Chinese police, in a sharp escalation of the country’s online censorship efforts, are questioning and detaining a growing number of Twitter users even though the social media platform is blocked in China and the vast majority of people in the country cannot see it. <Accessed 2019-01-18>

How Does China’s Air Force Learn and Adapt to New Circumstances? (2019-01-11)
(The Diplomat, By Robert Farley) China has acquired numerous new aerospace technologies from various foreign countries, and the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) has closely studied the United States Air Force. However, the two forces have vastly different objectives and responsibilities. Observers would do well to observe where the PLAAF turns for inspiration next. <Accessed 2019-01-12>

Huawei Fires Employee Arrested in Poland on Spying Charges (2019-01-12)
(New York Times, By Raymond Zhong) The Chinese telecommunications giant Huawei has fired an employee who was arrested in Poland on charges of spying for the Chinese government, saying in a statement late Saturday that the worker had brought “disrepute” to the company. Huawei said that the alleged actions that the employee, Wang Weijing, had been accused of had nothing to do with the company. <Accessed 2019-01-18>
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
North Korea’s Envoy to Italy Disappears, Raising Suspicions of a Defection (2019-01-03)
(New York Times, By Motoko Rich and Su-Hyun Lee) North Korea’s acting ambassador to Italy disappeared from the embassy in Rome in November, apparently in a defection attempt, according to a South Korean lawmaker briefed by intelligence officials. <Accessed 2019-01-19>

With Kim’s Visit, China Shows U.S. It Has Leverage on Trade
(New York Times, By Keith Bradsher and Choe Sang-Hun) Kim Jong-un, North Korea’s leader, arrived by train in Beijing on Tuesday to meet with Mr. Xi during the second day of talks nearby between midlevel trade negotiators from China and the United States. Though the government said the events were unconnected, Mr. Kim’s surprise visit was an unmistakable reminder that China could complicate the Trump administration’s pursuit of other goals — including ridding the North of nuclear weapons — if the two powers fail to strike a deal on trade. <Accessed 2019-01-18>

U.S.-North Korea Summit Looks Imminent, South Korean Leader Says
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-Hun) President Moon Jae-in of South Korea said Thursday that the visit to China this week by the North Korean leader, Kim Jong-un, heralded an imminent second summit meeting between Mr. Kim and President Trump to negotiate the terms of denuclearizing the North. <Accessed 2019-01-18>

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