::: TSR Weekly Report
2018-11-27 | NO.42(26) epaper |
Note to Readers
TSR is pleased to announce newly published books about Taiwan and East Asia on its website and in its weekly newsletter. If you're a scholar or your book is coming out from an academic press, please send the title of your book and a link to the publisher's web site to TSR's Senior Editor, James Lee (JL18@alumni.princeton.edu).
Cross-Strait Relations
Taiwan A Textbook Case of China's 'Sharp Power' Approach: Scholar (2018-11-21)
(CNA, By Shih Hsiu-chuan) Political scientist Wu Rwei-ren stated that Taiwan is a good example of how China is using its 'sharp power' to undermine Taiwan's democracy. China's efforts are increasingly obvious in light of Taiwan's upcoming November 24 elections. Wu further remarked that Taiwan is susceptible to such attacks from China due to its economic dependence on China and its challenging diplomatic position internationally. <Accessed 2018-11-22>

China Using the Global Stage to Diminish Taiwan (2018-11-21)
(Taipei Times/Reuters, By Yimou Lee) According to Chinese Taipei Rugby Football Union general secretary Jeremy Pai, China has decided to renege on the negotiations with Taiwan to take turns hosting the rugby game. However, Taiwanese officials remarked that pressure from China could increase the Taiwanese public's resentment toward China. <Accessed 2018-11-22>

HK Activists Warn Against China
(Taipei Times, By Stacy Hsu)
At a forum held by the Taiwan Foundation for Democracy, Hong Kong-based Alliance for True Democracy convener Joseph Cheng warned against China’ suppression and infiltration tactics and urged evidence-based dialogue to minimize polarization. Other academics and advocates also advised Taiwan on how to achieve greater economic and political independence from China. <Accessed 2018-11-25>

Specter of Meddling by Beijing Looms Over Taiwan’s Elections (2018-11-22)
(New York Times, By Chris Horton) The island’s elections for city mayors and county and village leaders will in part serve as a report card on President Tsai Ing-wen, whose administration has come under immense pressure from Beijing. But Taiwan officials are sounding alarms at what they say is a campaign by Beijing to spread disinformation that serves its agenda by exploiting the island’s freewheeling public discourse. <Accessed 2018-11-28>

2018 ELECTIONS: China’s Pressure on Tsai Weighs on Local Elections  (2018-11-24)
(Taipei Times, By Christopher Bodeen and Johnson Lai)
Alexander Huang, a strategic studies professor at Tamkang University, outlined the importance of Saturday’s local elections, saying they were more critical than usual amid growing tensions with China. RAND Corp senior defense analyst Derek Grossman scribed the elections as a method of checking how the public feels about DPP President Tsai Ing-wen’s policies. The elections are a chance for the KMT to gain more power. <Accessed 2018-11-25>

Beijing Seeks to Build Ties with Taiwanese Cities after Ruling Party Suffers Election Defeat (2018-11-25)
(South China Morning Post, By Minnie Chan) Beijing said on Sunday it would welcome more cooperation between Taiwan’s cities and prefectures and the mainland after the island’s independence-leaning ruling party suffered a local election reverse. <Accessed 2018-11-28>

 Beijing Watching if Taiwan's President Changes China Policy: Scholar (2018-11-26)
(CNA, By Chen Chia-lun and Joseph Yeh) According to a China expert, the Chinese government will pay close attention to see if Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen will make changes to her China policy amid the Democratic Progressive Party's (DPP) defeat in the recent local elections. Chang Wu-ueh, a professor of China Studies at Tamkang University, commented that the results from the elections will not cause any huge changes, however, the reelection of Taipei Major Ko Wen-je demonstrates that the Taiwanese people wish to maintain a positive cross-strait relations on economics and trade. <Accessed 2018-11-26>

MAC Urges Beijing Not to 'Misjudge' Voting Results (2018-11-26)
(CNA, By Flor Wang) The Mainland Affairs Council (MAC) asked China not to "misjudge" the results of the recent local elections in Taiwan, where the ruling Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) suffered major defeat. MAC further remarked that the recent election was an internal affair of Taiwan, and that China should not interfere with Taiwan's domestic politics. MAC also reaffirmed the Taiwanese government's commitment to maintain the peaceful status-quo across the strait. <Accessed 2018-11-26>

Taiwan Elections May Give Economy Brief Boost as US-China Trade War Threatens Tech Sector (2018-11-27)
(South China Morning Post, By Ralph Jennings and Finbarr Bermingham) The direct economic implications for the economy are likely to be minimal, given the business-friendly approach of both sides and the cross-party consensus on the importance of foreign investment in the Taiwanese economy. The results may, however, help usher in a realignment in Taiwan’s policy back towards China after a tense few years in which the relationship has become increasingly sour. <Accessed 2018-11-28>

PacNet #78 - Taiwan Should Return to the 1992 Consensus (2018-11-27)
(Pacific Forum, By Dennis Hickey and Kwei-Bo Huang) Responding to her party’s defeat, Tsai observed that “democracy taught us a lesson.” Hopefully, she has learned one important lesson – that Taipei needs to return to the “1992 Consensus.” <Accessed 2018-11-28>

Cross-Strait Policy is the Responsibility of Central Government: Tsai (2018-11-28)
(CNA, By Chen Chi-fong and Ko Lin) In a response to Kaohsiung's plan to establish a new working platform with China, Taiwan president Tsai Ing-wen remarked that cross-strait policy is the responsibility of the central government and the government has not come up with any plan to initiate the platform. During his campaign, the mayor-elect Han Kuo-yu expressed recognition for the "1992 consensus" and said that upon taking office, he would establish a cross-strait working group to enhance bilateral trade. <Accessed 2018-11-28>
U.S.-Taiwan Relations
 AIT Designates 2019 as a 'Travel Year' for Taiwan, U.S. (2018-11-24)
(CNA, By Lee Hsin-Yin) American Institute in Taiwan (AIT) announced that 2019 will be a "travel year" between Taiwan and the United States in celebration of the 40th anniversary of the Taiwan Relations Act (TRA). The program will introduce various activities and launch various campaigns to promote travels between Taiwan and the U.S. Christensen also stated that Taiwan's participation in the "Trusted Traveler" programs has increased the number of Taiwanese traveling to the U.S. <Accessed 2018-11-24>

Pompeo Praises Taiwan's Election as Example in Region (2018-11-26)
(CNA, By Rita Cheng and Joseph Yeh) U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo praised and congratulated Taiwan's recent local elections as an example of the practice of democracy in the Indo-Pacific region. Taiwan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) thanked the U.S. Secretary of State for recognizing and commending Taiwan as a beacon of freedom and democracy. <Accessed 2018-11-26>

Why Taiwan Is Likely to Remain An Important Card for US to Play against China (2018-11-26)
(South China Morning Post, By Laura Zhou) Taiwan is expected to remain a major flashpoint for China and the US despite the election defeat of the independence-leaning ruling party over the weekend. Analysts said the self-ruled island was still seen as an important card for Washington to play against the mainland, while there was no sign that President Tsai Ing-wen would bow to pressure from Beijing by accepting the one-China policy. <Accessed 2018-11-28>
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Support from Allies Prerequisite for Victory: Institute (2018-11-21)
(Taipei Times, By Aaron Tu and Johnathan Chin) While presenting a report to the Legislative Yuan's Foreign Affairs and National Defense Committee, the Institute of National Defense and Security chief executive Lin Cheng-yi remarked that it is important to receive support from like-minded nations despite military strength being the most important factor in defending a nation. Lin further expressed confidence in Taiwan's air force and navy to be combat ready. <Accessed 2018-11-22>

Taiwan Set to Decide on Banishing Its ‘Chinese Taipei’ Olympic Moniker (2018-11-21)
(The Diplomat, By Nick Aspinwall) Taiwan will decide on November 24 whether it should compete in international sporting events as "Taiwan" instead of the "Chinese Taipei" name it currently competes under. It will represent an evolution in the notion of Taiwanese identity. The International Olympic Committee has warned Taiwan of the potential consequences of changing their competing name. <Accessed 2018-11-24>

Premier Asks Ministries to Convey Taiwan’s Interest in Joining CPTPP (2018-11-22)
(CNA, By Ku Chuan and Ko Lin)
Cabinet spokeswoman Kolas Yotaka said Thursday that Premier Lai Ching-te asked the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Economic Affairs, and National Development Council to help support Taiwan’s bid to join the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership through the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation platform. The CPTTP will talk with potential new members in 2019. <Accessed 018-11-25>

ECCT Urges More Equal Treatment for Foreign Nationals (2018-11-22)
(CNA, By Lee Hsin-Yin) In its 2019 Position Papers, the European Chamber of Commerce Taiwan (ECCT) asked the Taiwanese government to afford equal treatment to foreign nationals, making Taiwan more foreign resident-friendly. The ECCT stated that the passing of the Act for the Recruitment and Employment of Foreign Professionals is a positive step forward but the changes only apply to professionals but not long-term residents who obtained their Alien Permanent Resident Certificate (APRC) through marriage or relatives. The ECCT suggested that foreign nationals who received their APRCs through marriages should be treated equally. <Accessed 2018-11-22>

2018 Elections: Ko Rejects Remark on China-backed Run for Presidency (2018-11-22)
(Taipei Times, By Lee I-chia) Taipei Mayor Ko Wen-je rejected allegations from Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) Legislator Pasuya Yao that China wishes Ko to run for president. Yao made reference to a 2016 interview by the National Taiwan University Medical Student Association which quoted Ko as stating that he would not run for president despite people in China asking him to. Ko responded to Yao's remark by stating that people from other nations, such as Japan and the US also ask him to run for Taiwan's presidency. <Accessed 2018-11-22>

Olympians Express Opposition to Taiwan's Name Change Referendum (2018-11-22)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh) Taiwanese Olympians opposed the Taiwan's name change national referendum. The Olympians expressed concern that changing the name from "Chinese Taipei" to "Taiwan" would cause Taiwan to lose its Olympic membership and Taiwanese athletes from participating in the Olympic games. Lei Chien-ying, a Taiwanese archer, remarked that voicing against the referendum does not mean that the athletes do not love Taiwan their country, but that they have to abide by the 1981 agreement which the Taiwan's Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee (CTOC) signed with the International Olympic Committee (IOC). <Accessed 2018-11-22>

2018 Elections: KMT, DPP Gear Up for Final Campaigns (2018-11-23)
(Taipei Times, By Sean Lin) While the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) geared up its final campaign by asking voters to vote for the party as an expression of democracy, the Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) asked voters to vote for the KMT if they wish to see changes. The KMT drummed up its final campaign efforts with rallies while the DPP staged interactive live streaming of its rallies with Internet celebrities on its Facebook page and YouTube. <Accessed 2018-11-24>

Taiwan’s President Quits as Party Chief After Stinging Losses in Local Races (2018-11-24)
(New York Times, By Chris Horton) The president of Taiwan resigned as leader of her party Saturday night after it suffered stunning local election defeats to the opposition Kuomintang, which favors closer ties with China. <Accessed 2018-11-28>

Taiwanese Awarded Japanese Order for Promotion of Exchanges (2018-11-24)
(CNA, By Elaine Hou and William Yen) Cheng Chi-yao, the honorary president of the Taiwan-Japan Cultural and Economic Association (TJCEA) was awarded the prestigious Order of the Rising Sun by the Japanese government. Cheng received the award for his long-term efforts in developing friendly exchanges between Taiwan and Japan. <Accessed 2018-11-24>

Results of 6 Municipal Mayoral Elections Expected by 8 p.m. (2018-11-24)
(CNA, By Claudia Liu and Elizabeth Hsu) According to the Central Election Commission (CEC) Chairman Chen In-chin, the results of mayoral elections in Taiwan's six special municipalities are expected by 8 p.m. and people will know who the six elected mayors are. However, official results of the ten referendums will not be announced until 2 a.m. Sunday Chen further added. <Accessed 2018-11-24>

Visiting Hong Kong, Macau Democracy Activists to Observe Elections (2018-11-24)
(CNA, By Miao Zong-han and Ko Lin) According to the friendship association based in New Taipei City, democracy activists and academics from various civic groups in Hong Kong and Macau are in Taiwan. These activists are here to observe Taiwan's local elections. During their stay in Taiwan, they will meet with various election campaign groups, local academics and officials from Taiwans Mainland Affairs Council (MAC). <Accessed 2018-11-24>

2018 Elections: Schools Hold Mock Referendum Polls (2018-11-24)
(Taipei Times/CNA) Based on several simulated referendums held at 23 different high schools, students expressed strong support for LGBT rights but were split down in the middle on whether to change the name "Chinese Taipei" to "Taiwan" for Taiwanese athletes for the 2020 Tokyo Olympics and to scrap the government's plan to phase out nuclear power. The upcoming November 24 elections will be the first time that 18 and 19-year-olds are eligible to vote in referendums. <Accessed 2018-11-24>

Premier Lai Resigns Over DPP’s Election Defeat (2018-11-24)
(CNA, By Shih Hsiu-chuan)
Following the Democratic Progressive Party’s significant defeat in the local elections on Saturday, Premier Lai Ching-te announced that he offered to resign in an attempt to take responsibility for the defeat and the public’s dissatisfaction with the government. President Tsai Ing-wen responded saying she did not accept Lai’s resignation and asked him to remain serving as the premier. <Accessed 2018-11-25>

Tsai Resigns as DPP Chairwoman for Election Setback (2018-11-24)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh)
In response to the DPP’s defeat in Saturday’s local elections, President Tsai Ing-wen apologized to DPP supporters for the results and took responsibility for the losses. She announced her resignation as DPP chairwoman to address the public’s disappointment with the party, in addition to saying that the party would undergo a reshuffle to address future challenges. However, she defended the progress of her administration over the past two years and said it continues to move in the right direction. <Accessed 2018-11-25>

Taiwan Asked Voters 10 Questions. It Got Some Unexpected Answers. (2018-11-26)
(New York Times, By Chris Horton) While the liberal values of Ms. Tsai’s Democratic Progressive Party, which has been in power since 2016, fared poorly, the referendums themselves served a larger purpose as one of the few tools Taiwan has to stave off mainland China. <Accessed 2018-11-28>

DPP Needs New Generation: Lawmaker (2018-11-26)
(Taipei Times, By Sean Lin) The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) Legislator Lee Chun-yi remarked that the time has come for the younger generation to lead the party, amid the DPP suffering defeat in the recent local elections. Out of the 22 races, the DPP only won six. Meanwhile, Taiwan president Tsai Ing-wen apologized for disappointing the DPP supporters and announced that she will be stepping down as party chairperson. <Accessed 2018-11-26>

2018 Referendums: Advocates Vow to Continue Olympic Name Change Fight (2018-11-26)
(Taipei Times, By Jason Pan) Leaders of the referendum campaign seeking to change the name from "Chinese Taipei" to "Taiwan" to represent Taiwan at international sporting events expressed disappointment with the results of the Saturday's vote but pledged to continue fighting for the issue. Former Sports Administration minister Yang Jong-her faulted the dissemination of fake news, which manipulated the Taiwanese public and imposed pressure on Taiwanese athletes to oppose the name change. <Accessed 2018-11-26>

Elections 'A Lesson From Democracy' For DPP: President (2018-11-26)
(CNA, By Shih Hsiu-chuan) Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen remarked that the Democratic Progressive Party's (DPP) huge defeat in the recent local elections was a lesson from democracy. In accepting defeat, the president urged all DPP comrades and supporters to continue doing the right thing, as it is their responsibility to protect the nation's future. The president also apologized to DPP supporters for the party's poor performance. <Accessed 2018-11-26>

Japan Envoy Describes Food Import Issue as 'Politicized' (Update) (2018-11-26)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh) Mikio Numata, Japan's top envoy to Taiwan, expressed disappointment and regret over the results of the referendum to ban food and agricultural imports from areas in Japan that were affected by the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant disaster. Numata stated that both nations should cooperate in preventing the referendum result from affecting Taiwan-Japan relations. Numata further remarked that Japan will continue to work to restore confidence in the Taiwanese public of the safety of food products from Japan. <Accessed 2018-11-26>

CEC Head Resigns Over Election Failings (2018-11-26)
(CNA, By Elaine Hou and Shih Hsiu-chuan) Central Election Commission (CEC) Chairman Chen In-chin has resigned on Sunday due to criticisms over the poor handling of election work and vote counting during the Saturday elections. According to Executive Yuan spokeswoman Kolas Yotaka, Premier Lai Ching-te accepted Chen's resignation. Some of the Taiwanese public questioned the integrity of the elections as voters were able to check up-to-date election results on their mobile phones while queuing up outside polling stations. <Accessed 2018-11-26>

2018 Elections: Only One Referendum Legally Binding (2018-11-26)
(Taipei Times, By Sean Lin) Out of the 10 national referendums that Taiwanese voters voted for, only one will be legally binding, according to attorney Lu Chiou-yuan. The referendum which will be legally binding asked voters if they agreed that "all nuclear-energy-based power-generating facilities shall cease operation by 2025". On his Facebook page, Lu stated that the remaining nine referendums would not be legally binding on the government if the government refused to act on the results. <Accessed 2018-11-26>

Taiwan, Japan to Hold Annual Trade Meeting this Week (2018-11-26)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh)
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced Monday that Taiwan and Japan will have their annual economic and trade meeting, headed by Chiou I-jen and Mitsuo Ohashi, in Taipei this week. The meeting is aimed at enhancing trade and economic relations. However, the meeting comes right after Taiwanese voted on Saturday to maintain a ban on some Japanese imports. Japan’s top envoy to Taiwan Mikio Numata said Japan will continue to try and convince Taiwan to lift the ban. <Accessed 2018-11-26>

Premier Retracts Decision to Resign, Citing Need for Continuity (2018-11-26)
(CNA, By Ku Chuan and Frances Huang)
Premier Lai Ching-te announced Monday that following talks with President Tsai Ing-wen, he has decided to remain in his post as premier to help continue and advance the government’s policies. He assured the public that the Cabinet recognized the public’s dissatisfaction and would work with the local governments to improve people’s welfare. Presidential Office Secretary-General Chen Chu also retracted her decision to resign on the grounds of political stability. <Accessed 2018-11-26>

Cabinet to Re-evaluate Energy Policy with Legislature: Premier (2018-11-26)
(CNA, By Yeh Su-ping, Ku Chuan, and Ko Lin)
Premier Lai Ching-te said Monday that given the results of the referendum on nuclear power, he will have the Cabinet and the Legislative Yuan work together to reevaluate the country’s energy policies. The referendum results showed that most Taiwanese do not favor phasing out nuclear energy, although it has been a goal of the current DPP government. <Accessed 2018-11-26>

Government to Reflect on Mistakes, Change for the Better: Tsai (2018-11-26)
(CNA, By Yeh su-ping and Ko Lin)
President Tsai Ing-wen said Monday that she is taking responsibility for the DPP’s setback in the local elections and that the DPP would reflect on its mistakes to address the public’s concerns. She also stressed the importance of bipartisan cooperation to work towards the common goal of protecting Taiwanese citizens’ welfare. <Accessed 2018-11-26>

Ko Wen-je Confirmed as Winner in the Early Hours (2018-11-26)
(Taipei Times, By Shen Pei-yao)
Taipei Mayor Ko Wen-je was re-elected as Taipei mayor by a small margin after an extended ballot count. While celebrating his re-election, Ko said his election despite support of any party or corporation marked the beginning of reform for Taiwan’s political scene. Ko also called the election a victory of democracy and assured the public he would work to incorporate constructive criticism into his position. <Accessed 2018-11-26>

KMT Shocks With Its Success in Taiwan Elections (2018-11-27)
(The Diplomat, By James X. Morris) The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) has faced several losses in the most recent elections in Taiwan, with President Tsai Ing-wen resigning from her post as chairperson of the Party (although she will remain President of Taiwan), while the Kuomintang (KMT) took home several big wins. Several Taiwanese observers have expressed concerns that the results of the polls signal a Taiwan-wide shift back to a KMT mentality, which could have significant impacts on foreign relations and cross-strait ties. <Accessed 2018-11-27>

Explaining the Results of Taiwan’s Mid-Term Election (2018-11-27)
(IPP Review, By John F. Copper) By almost every measure offered to assess the results of the election, the KMT (Kuomintang) won big. And the DPP (Democratic Progressive Party) lost big. <Accessed 2018-11-28>

DPP's Losses Blamed on 'Neutral' Policy Decisions (2018-11-28)
(Taipei Times, By Ann Maxon) During a seminar organized by the Institute for National Policy Research and the Taiwan Foundation for Democracy, Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) Legislator Lo Chih-cheng stated that DPP suffered defeat due to the public's dissatisfaction with its domestic policies. Lo further remarked that while the Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) took advantage of the referendums to drum up support from the public, the DPP did not demonstrate its position on the referendums. <Accessed 2018-11-28>

Results Called DPP Failure, Not KMT Win (2018-11-28)
(Taipei Times, By Lin Liang-sheng, Chiu Yan-ling and William Hetherington) The Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) Legislator Ko Chih-en urged its party not to mistake the results of the recent elections as a victory for the party. Ko instead remarked that the election outcome demonstrated the public's dissatisfaction with the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), but not their approval of the KMT. Meanwhile, KMT Legislator Lin Wei-chou urged the party to reform itself to win support from the electorates. <Accessed 2018-11-28>

Beijing Likely to Target KMT-Held Areas: Academics (2018-11-28)
(Taipei Times, By Ann Maxon) During a conference in Taipei yesterday, academics stated that China would probably start to promote exchanges with the 15 cities and counties that the Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) won in the recent elections. Cross-Strait Policy Association secretary-general Wang Zhin-sheng remarked that it is possible that there will be more cooperation between KMT-run local governments and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and more economic benefits being offered by China. <Accessed 2018-11-28>

President Starts Nationwide Tour After DPP Election Humbling (2018-11-28)
(CNA, By Lu Hsin-hui, Chen Chi-fong, Chen Chu-hua and Evelyn Kao) Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen announced that she will commence a nationwide tour around Taiwan to listen to the public's voices. The president stated on a Facebook post that the Taiwanese public expressed their dissatisfaction with the ruling administration by voting for other candidates. She further remarked that the party will take the recent defeat as a lesson to help the party perform better in the future. <Accessed 2018-11-28>

Taiwan Scraps Nuclear-Free Deadline in Wake of Referendum (2018-11-28)
(CNA, By Ku Chuan and Ko Lin) Cabinet spokeswoman Kolas Yotaka announced that in light of the result of the recent referendum on nuclear power, the nation will scrap the 2025 nuclear-free deadline. Kolas further stated that the Executive Yuan will work with relevant ministries to examine Taiwan's energy policies. <Accessed 2018-11-28>

Cabinet to Examine Options for Nuclear Power: William Lai (2018-11-28)
(Taipei Times, By Lin Chia-nan) Premier William Lai announced that the Executive Yuan would start legal procedures by sending the repealed article to the legislature for review and the two branches of the government would discuss on whether to readjust regulations on energy issues. However, since the referendum did not address green energy development, offshore wind farms and green energy policies remain unaffected, according to Lai. <Accessed 2018-11-28>

Safety Top Issue for Imports: Minister (2018-11-28)
(Taipei Times, By Lee I-chia) When asked whether the government would ban food imports from 31 regions in Japan, Minister of Health and Welfare Chen Shih-chung said that safety is the most important issue when importing foods. KMT Legislator Chiang Wan-an proposed that Taiwan should set up an investigation group to visit Japan instead of relying on reports from the Japanese government. <Accessed 2018-11-28>

Taiwan’s Voters Have Dealt a Brutal Blow to the Ruling DPP (2018-11-28)
(The Diplomat, By Nick Aspinwall) Taiwan's regional elections have handed large victories to the Kuomintang (KMT), leaving the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) scrambling for support prior to the 2020 reelection campaign of President Tsai Ing-wen. KMT members won the mayoral elections in Kaohsiung and Taichung, while the independent mayor of Taipei won reelection in a closer race than expected. Some have suggested that the recent election results suggest a warming of relations with China, as the KMT has historically been less harsh on the Chinese mainland. <Accessed 2018-11-27>
U.S.-China Relations
Xi and Pence Stake Out Trade Positions in Dueling Speeches at Pacific Rim Forum (2018-11-17)
(New York Times, By Jamie Tarabay and Choe Sang-Hun) President Xi Jinping of China and Vice President Mike Pence pushed back against criticism of each of their countries’ trade practices in speeches on Saturday at an Asia-Pacific trade summit meeting in Papua New Guinea, while seeking to assure allies of their commitment to the region. <Accessed 2018-11-28>

News Analysis: U.S.-China Clash at Asian Summit Was Over More Than Words
(New York Times, By Jane Perlez) China’s action marked a striking break with diplomatic decorum at a meeting that is normally used to promote cooperation among countries that ring the Pacific Ocean. The dispute meant that the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, or APEC, forum held in Papua New Guinea and attended by Vice President Mike Pence and China’s leader, Xi Jinping, failed to issue a joint document for the first time since 1989. <Accessed 2018-11-28>

Beijing’s Evolving Response to the Trade War (2018-11-21)
(East Asia Forum, By Jia Deng) China cannot afford a complacent attitude and has tended towards cautiousness in its response to the trade war. Chinese political elites will continue to closely follow the debate on China–US trade taking place among their US counterparts and pragmatically adjust its response as circumstances change. <Accessed 2018-11-28>

ASEAN’s False US-China Choice: Rhetoric and Reality
(The Diplomat, By Prashanth Parameswaran) The idea that ASEAN must choose between the United States and China in recent disputes oversimplifies regional realities and the actual conflicts of choice that Southeast Asian countries face. This oversimplification would only look towards the future and discounts any present choices ASEAN is making or choices that ASEAN countries have made in the past. It also further negates the balancing effect that many Southeast Asian countries provide between two great world powers and suggests that the decision has to be all-or-nothing in nature. <Accessed 2018-11-24>

Why a Democratic House Is Not Good News for China (2018-11-23)
(The Diplomat, By Xie Tao) Chinese news has been abuzz with the news of a Democratic takeover of the U.S. House of Representatives, as this means that President Trump's trade disputes with China might be lessened. However, the new House does not stand in full opposition to the Republicans and will not concede immediately to China, as human rights are a large platform for the Democrats. The new House may also be more confrontational with China on Taiwan. <Accessed 2018-11-24>

Top Beijing Official Attacks US over WTO Reforms, and Says China Economy Is Not as Developed as Claimed (2018-11-27)
(South China Morning Post, By Su Xinqi) A top Beijing official hit back at attempts to change the country’s economic status as part of reforms to the World Trade Organisation during a conference in Hong Kong on Tuesday. While fighting a trade war with the United States, China is also battling to avoid being designated as a developed country, which would impact the benefits it presently enjoys as a developing one. <Accessed 2018-11-28>

Trade Tensions with the United States Blow Hole in Budget for China’s Newest Aircraft Carrier (2018-11-27)
(South China Morning Post, By Minnie Chan) Work on China’s newest aircraft carrier has slowed as tensions with the United States and military reform have taken their toll on the programme’s budget, military sources said. The assessment came just a day after Beijing confirmed it was building its second home-grown aircraft carrier – its third in total. <Accessed 2018-11-28>
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
 Liu He Seeks European Backup to Help China Weather US Trade War (2018-11-21)
(South China Morning Post, By Wendy Wu) China will be seeking to step up trade policy coordination with European nations when Vice-Premier Liu He visits Germany next week for financial talks, to help protect it as the trade war with the United States continues. Liu, President Xi Jinping’s right-hand man in charge of economic policy and China’s top trade negotiator, will visit Germany from Sunday to Wednesday for the Hamburg Summit of China-Europe Forum. <Accessed 2018-11-21>

China Must Join the War on Illegal Fishing (2018-11-22)
(The Diplomat, By Sally Yozell) Many countries have met to express their opposition to illegal fishing and their ideas on how to combat the issue, but China has so far been silent. China chose not to send any senior representatives or make any commitments at the Our Ocean conference this year. Its lack of actions this year continue the trend of China falling behind on its previous promises to address illegal fishing in the Asia-Pacific region. <Accessed 2018-11-24>

China-Philippines Relations: Can the 'Rainbow' Last? (2018-11-22)
(The Diplomat, By Shannon Tiezzi) President Xi Jinping recently finished up a two-day state visit to the Philippines, where he reaffirmed Chinese-Filipino cooperation despite disagreements in the South China Sea. Xi's trips have served to show that China can be a constructive actor and not just the perpetrator of tensions. Promoting the Belt and Road Initiative was also high on Xi's agenda for his state visit. <Accessed 2018-11-24>

Will China Return to Isolationism? (2018-11-23)
(The Diplomat, By Cui Lei) Several developments in recent Chinese political history, such as the trade barriers enacted in response to U.S. trade challenges, increased censorship of the Internet, and limiting travel abroad for government officials, have suggested that China may be returning to an isolationist standpoint. Both Chinese leadership and the Chinese public seem to be split on the prospects of doing so. Most likely, China will not fully return to isolationism, but will turn its back on the West and continue to promote the Belt and Road Initiative to its partners. <Accessed 2018-11-24>

Chinese Presence in Pakistan Is Targeted in Strike on Consulate in Karachi (2018-11-23)
(New York Times, By Meher Ahmad and Salman Masood) In the most significant strike against Chinese interests in Pakistan in years, three militants assaulted the Chinese Consulate in the southern port city of Karachi on Friday morning, killing two police officers and two civilians at a checkpoint before being gunned down by security forces. <Accessed 2018-11-28>

China’s Golden Era in Portugal (2018-11-24)
(The Diplomat, By Philippe Le Corre) Portugal, while not the richest country in Europe, has managed to gain lots of Chinese attention through its Golden Visa Scheme, which offers Permanent Residence Authorizations to any foreigner who invest at least 500,000 euros in the country. While several entities have pushed to cancel the program, citing security concerns, every proposal to do so has been shut down. Not many elites in Portugal are discussing the potential risks of heavy Chinese investment. <Accessed 2018-11-24>

Access Denied: Beijing Reasserts Control over Hong Kong’s Borders (2018-11-24)
(East Asia Forum, By Stephan Ortmann) Mallet’s visa denial comes amid renewed warnings from the Chinese government against foreign intervention in China’s internal affairs. In recent years, this anti-foreign intervention mantra has been extended to Hong Kong’s internal politics to discredit and undermine any calls for liberal democracy. <Accessed 2018-11-28>

What’s in the China-Cambodia Military Base Hype? (2018-11-24)
(The Diplomat, By Prashanth Parameswaran) The potential for a Chinese military base draws attention to the fact that China has been making significant military inroads into Cambodia for the past several years. These deepening investments, including the construction of a port, have led to several questions about Chinese intentions in Cambodia. Observers should be cautious of over-examining specific instances of Chinese investment and should instead look towards addressing China's overall goals in foreign countries. <Accessed 2018-11-27>

Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
Territorial Disputes

US Bombers Fly Near South China Sea in ‘Routine Training Mission’ (2018-11-21)
(South China Morning Post, By Laura Zhou) Two US Air Force B-52H bombers flew near the contested waters of the South China Sea on Monday, in what was described as a routine training mission. The two B-52H Stratofortress bombers left Andersen Air Force Base in Guam and flew “in the vicinity of the South China Sea”, according to a statement issued on Wednesday by the US Pacific Air Forces. <Accessed 2018-11-21>

South China Sea Talks Necessarily a Slow Burner – but Consensus on What ‘Militarisation’ Means Will Help Keep Them on the Boil (2018-11-24)
(South China Morning Post, By Collin Koh) However, it would appear that those who expected the code of conduct talks to ride to a swift realisation on the momentum built up by the draft framework and single draft negotiating text might be sorely disappointed. While some Asean policy elites had indicated that the code might materialise as fast as within the next year, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang may have poured cold water on it with his remarks that the code could take three years to finalise. <Accessed 2018-11-28>

Navy Has No Plans to Stage Drill Near Taiping Island (2018-11-26)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh) The Navy denied allegations from a report by the United Daily News stating that the Navy plans to conduct drills near Taiping Island from November 30 to December 1, following a live-fire drill from November 21 to 23. The Coast Guard Administration (CGA) explained that the drill which took place from November 21 to 23 was part of the annual live-fire exercises. <Accessed 2018-11-26>

The Korean Peninsula

South Korea Signals End to ‘Final’ Deal With Japan Over Wartime Sex Slaves
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-Hun) South Korea said on Wednesday that it would shut down a Japanese-funded foundation created to help Korean women who were forced to work in brothels for Japan’s military during World War II, essentially voiding a 2015 agreement between the countries that was supposed to put the painful issue to rest. <Accessed 2018-11-21>

US, South Korea ‘Closely Coordinating’ on Breaking Nuclear Talks Stalemate, Mike Pompeo Says (2018-11-21)
(South China Morning Post, By Zhenhua Lu) Top US and South Korean diplomats met at the US State Department on Tuesday to coordinate efforts to jump-start Washington’s stalled nuclear talks with Pyongyang. Stephen Biegun, the US’ special representative for North Korea, hosted his South Korean counterpart, Lee Do-hoon, the Republic of Korea’s special representative for Korean peninsula peace and security affairs, in Washington. <Accessed 2018-11-21>

Contact: James Lee, Senior Editor 

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