::: TSR Weekly Report
2018-10-30 | NO.42(22) epaper |
Note to Readers
New Publication A Question of Time: Enhancing Taiwan’s Conventional Deterrence Posture by Michael A. Hunzeker and Alexander Lanoszka (Center for Security Policy Studies, George Mason University)
Cross-Strait Relations
As China Rattles Its Sword, Taiwanese Push a Separate Identity (2018-10-26)
(New York Times, By Chris Horton) Faced with growing threats from China, Taiwanese are trying to use referendums to change the island’s name and establish a separate identity from China. <RSS, Accessed 2018-10-27>

ELECTIONS: Council Calls on China Not to Meddle (2018-10-28)
(Taipei Times, By Ke Yu-hao and Chung Li-hua)
The Mainland Affairs Council said Friday that it would look into the allegations of the Taiwan radical Wings’ regarding Chinese attempts to interfere in Taiwan’s local elections. The allegations are related to Chinese airlines providing reduced ticket fares for flights to Taiwan, which the Taiwan Radical Wings suspect is in an effort to get China-based Taiwanese to vote for China-favored candidates. Additionally, the MAC called on China to honor its word that it would not meddle in the elections. <Accessed 2018-10-30>
U.S.-Taiwan Relations
U.S. Navy’s Transit Through Strait Shows Concern for Taiwan: Scholar  (2018-10-24)
(CNA, By Chiu Kuo-chiang and William Yen)
Ding Shuh-fan, a scholar at National Chengchi University, said Wednesday that the U.S.’s passage of warships through the Taiwan Strait and its publication of the actions are in a demonstration of regard for Taiwan. The U.S. Department of Defense said that the transit was a demonstration of the U.S.’s commitment to a free Indo-Pacific region. Ding also commented on the current state of Sino-U.S. relations and China’s relatively minimal reaction to the passage of the warships. <Accessed 2018-10-24>

Military Closely Watching Warship Movements Near Taiwan: Official (2018-10-24)
(CNA, By Matt Yu and Evelyn Kao)
A Ministry of National Defense official said Wednesday that Taiwan’s military is monitoring activity in waters near Taiwan after the passage of U.S. warships through the Taiwan Strait. The director of the MND’s Joint Intelligence and Research Center, Wang Shao-hua, dodged a question about the U.S. military’s reported planned military drills near Taiwan. Wang also said that the MND would not comment on whether or not the passage of U.S. warships through the Taiwan Strait would become routine on the grounds that the U.S. has the right to freedom of navigation. <Accessed 2018-10-24>

President Tsai Thanks US Administration for Support
(Taipei Times, By Stacy Hsu) Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen conveyed her thanks to the US for its support of Taiwan's democracy while meeting Hudson Institute senior fellow William Schneider. The President remarked that Taiwan will continue to work with like-minded countries to defend democracy and freedom. The President also urged all democratic nations to work together to combat the dissemination of fictitious news. <Accessed 2018-10-26>

Taiwan to Get Upgraded F-16V Fighter Jets after US Arms Sale Approved (2018-10-26)
(South China Morning Post, By Kinling Lo) Upgrading Taiwan’s fighter jets to F-16Vs will boost the self-ruled island’s defences, but in terms of combat capability the revamped aircraft will still lag behind Beijing’s, military analysts said. The upgrade is expected to move ahead after the US Congress approved a new round of arms sales to Taiwan as it comes under increasing pressure from mainland China. <Accessed 2018-10-27>

US Group Supports Taiwan with Resolution (2018-10-27)
(Taipei Times, By Stacy Hsu) American non-profit organization with more than 2,000 state legislators and private-sector representatives passed a resolution to express their support for the US Taiwan Travel Act. The US Taiwan Travel Act would pave the way for stronger ties between Taiwan and the US as the Act affords more opportunities for high-level officials from both nations to visit each other. <Accessed 2018-10-28>

Taiwan Offers Condolences over Pittsburgh Mass Shooting  (2018-10-28)
(CNA, By Elaine Hou and Evelyn Kao)
Taiwan’s Foreign Minister Joseph Wu offered condolences to the U.S. on behalf of Taiwan following the mass shooting at a synagogue in Pittsburgh which occurred on Saturday and left 11 people dead. Wu condemned the discrimination and violence and said that Taiwan stands with the U.S. people. <Accessed 2018-10-30>

US, Taiwan Military Ties Closer than Ever as Donald Trump Challenges Beijing (2018-10-29)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) US President Donald Trump’s pushback against Beijing’s military expansion and diplomatic strategy in the Indo-Pacific region has seen defence ties between Washington and Taipei become closer than ever in recent months. Washington has been approving arms deals with Taipei at a much faster pace than under Barack Obama and George W Bush, while the self-ruled island has been making public US military movements near the Taiwan Strait – information that would not have been released under previous US administrations. <Accessed 2018-11-05>

Second Arms Deal with US Likely Before Year's End (2018-10-31)
(Taipei Times/CNA) US-Taiwan Business Council president Rupert Hammond-Chambers announced that the US is most likely to approve the second arms deal with Taiwan. However, Hammond-Chambers did not mention what arms the US is selling. <Accessed 2018-10-31>

Deputy Minister to Lobby US for Sensitive Technology (2018-10-31)
(Taipei Times, By Aaron Tu and Johnathan Chin) A source announced that Deputy Minister of National Defense Chang Guan-chung will lobby US officials for sensitive technology at the US-Taiwan Defense Industry Conference. The source further added that post-LOA offsets, poor protection of trade secrets and external restraints have affected Taiwan's acquisition of technology. Meanwhile, US defense contractors suggested that the ministry implements inclusive safeguards to curb the issue of theft or unauthorized transfer of defense technology secrets. <Accessed 2018-10-31>

Taiwan Defense Strategy Built on Dual-Development System: Official (2018-10-31)
(CNA, By Chiang Chin-yeh and Frances Huang) During the opening ceremony of the U.S.-Taiwan Defense Industry Conference in Maryland, Vice Minister of Defense Chang Guan-chung announced that Taiwan will build its national defense on a dual-development system, focusing on indigenous system development and foreign arms sales. Chang also remarked that Taiwan seeks to focus on how to consolidate its defense development with its advantages in technology and industry, and that Taiwan welcomes the U.S. industry to work with Taiwan in maintaining peace and stability in the Taiwan Strait. <Accessed 2018-10-31>
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Nicaragua Hails Programs Moved from El Salvador (2018-10-24)
(Taipei Times, By Stacy Hsu)
Taiwan has transferred six aid programs, which four on agricultural and aquaculture technologies, from its ex-diplomatic ally El Salvador to Nicaragua. International Cooperation and Development Fund Secretary-General Timothy Hsiang said that the ICDF has been in communication with the Nicaraguan government regarding the transfer and even discussed the possibility of extending the timelines and budgets for the programs in the future. <Accessed 2018-10-24>

Taiwan’s ‘Developed’ Status Will Not Affect its WTO Rights: Minister  (2018-10-24)
(CNA, By Pan Tzu-yu, Fan Cheng-hsiang, and Elizabeth Hsu)
Economics Minister Shen Jong-chin said at a hearing in the legislative Economics Committee Wednesday that the government is preparing for Taiwan’s change in designation in the WTO and the possible effects of the change. Shen said that the designation change will not affect the government’s commitment to the interests of the agricultural and industrial sectors in future trade negotiations. He also said the change is important in order for Taiwan to show its commitment to trade liberalization to the international community and emphasized the role the change will play in Taiwan’s efforts to join the Comprehensive Progressive Trans-Pacific Partnership. <Accessed 2018-10-24>

 Elections: China is Meddling in Elections, Officials Say (2018-10-25)
(Taipei Times, By Jason Pan) The Criminal Investigation Bureau and top government officials reported that China has been ramping up its efforts to interfere with Taiwan's upcoming November nine-in-one elections. Among the tactics that China is using to meddle in Taiwan's elections are the purchase of two major Taiwanese media corporations, funding pro-China political groups in Taiwan, and the spreading of fake news over the Internet. <Accessed 2018-10-26>

Elections: CEC Raises Incentives for Poll Monitors, Volunteers (2018-10-25)
(Taipei Times, By Lee Hsin-fang and Jake Chung) The Central Election Commission (CEC) announced that the Executive Yuan has given the approval to raise incentives for poll monitors and volunteers. The incentives include a two-day compensatory days off and an increased in pay. The CEC is also recruiting university students to volunteer for the November 24 elections. <Accessed 2018-10-26>

Armored Vehicles Pass Tests, to Start Mass Production (2018-10-25)
(Taipei Times/CNA) The four prototypes of the "Clouded Leopard" eight-wheeled armored vehicle have passed all 62 categories in the primary pre-mass production tests last Friday. Although failing only two categories during the secondary pre-mass production tests, the military will proceed with the mass production of the vehicle since the test results met the required standards, according to Army Lieutenant General Fang Mao-hung. <Accessed 2018-10-26>

Premier Demands Comprehensive Reform of TRA (2018-10-25)
(CNA, By Shih Hsiu-chuan) In light of the recent Puyuma express train crash incident, Premier Lai Ching-te has requested the Taiwan Railways Administration (TRA) to investigate the cause of the tragic train crash. Lai also asked TRA to come up with comprehensive reforms to address the problems in its management system. Lai further added that the Executive Yuan is planning to introduce a bill that seeks to set up a commission that is responsible for independent investigations of major land, sea and air transport accidents. <Accessed 2018-10-26>

Elections: Police Ramp Up Efforts to Ensure Fair Elections: Hsu (2018-10-25)
(Taipei Times, By Su Fun-her) Taiwan's Minster of the Interior Hsu Kuo-yung announced that the Aviation Police Bureau, harbor police departments and the Seventh Special Police Corps will work with local police forces to take stronger actions against election-related bribery. Hsu also pledged that he will ensure that the upcoming November 24 elections will be fair. <Accessed 2018-10-26>

TRA, Cabinet Differ on Accident's Cause (2018-10-25)
(Taipei Times, Shelley Shan) The Executive Yuan and the Taiwan Railways Administration (TRA) have reached different conclusions as to the cause of the tragic Puyuma express train accident. The Executive Yuan stated that the investigation did not show evidence that the accident was caused by human error. The TRA, on the other hand, reported that the accident was caused by the driver's negligence in turning off the automatic train protection (ATP) system instead of activating the ATP while the train exceeded its speed limit. <Accessed 2018-10-26>

Taiwan, India Working to Renew Investment Pact Soon: Minister (2018-10-25)
(CNA, By Liao Yu-yang and Evelyn Kao) Taiwan's Economics Minister Shen Jong-chin announced that the draft of an updated bilateral investment protection agreement between Taiwan and India has received approval from India's Union Cabinet. Shen said that the agreement seeks to strengthen Taiwan-India trade and investment relations as well as to afford protection to Taiwanese business investments in India in accordance with international standards. <Accessed 2018-10-26>

Premier Vows to Increase Staffing at Taiwan Railway After Derailment (2018-10-25)
(CNA, By Shih Hsiu-chuan) Taiwan's Premier Lai Ching-Te announced that the government promises to increase the number of staff working at Taiwan's railway transportation system to curb the ongoing problem of insufficient manpower. Despite the cause for the Puyuma express train accident is still undergoing investigation, the recent tragic accident revealed the inherent problem of shortage of staff as the Puyuma express train was operated by just one driver. <Accessed 2018-10-26>

2018 Elections: DPP Creates Unit to Tout Economic Progress (2018-10-27)
(Taipei Times, By Su Fun-her and Johnathan Chin) The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) recently announced that it will form a new campaign team aimed at focusing on Taiwan's economic issues. According to DPP Secretary-General Hung Yao-fu, the team will be traveling around the nation to share their experiences with and explain the current administration's economic success to the people. <Accessed 2018-10-28>

2018 Elections: KMT Makes Playing Cards with DPP  (2018-10-27)
(Taipei Times, By Stacy Hsu) The Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) has launched a limited-edition playing cards that have famous comments made by the Democratic Progressive Party's (DPP) politicians. The Taiwanese population can make any amount of donation they wish, with as little as NT$1, for the card. The quotes printed on the playing cards inform the Taiwanese voters that if they do not agree with what the DPP politicians say, they could vote against them in the November 24 elections. <Accessed 2018-10-28>

LGBTQI Activists Encourage Inclusivity as Referendum Looms (2018-10-27)
(CNA, By Shih Hsiu-chuan) Taiwan's annual pride parade, the largest in Asia, drew tens of thousands of people to come together to celebrate gender diversity and inclusivity. The parade this year urged the Taiwanese population to vote for two proposals, namely one that would grant same-sex couples the rights to get married under the Civil Code and the other to allow courses on inclusive sexuality education to be included in the basic education curriculum under the Gender Equity Education Act. <Accessed 2018-10-28>

Culture Day Brings Taiwan Closer to Other Countries: Vice President (2018-10-27)
(CNA, By Hou Tzu-ying and Chi Jo-yao) During the opening of the Asia-Pacific Culture Day, Taiwan's Vice President Chen Chien-jen remarked that the event would build closer ties between Taiwan and other countries. Chen further added that the government's New Southbound Policy seeks to foster better ties between Taiwan and countries of South Asia, Southeast Asia, and Australia, and New Zealand. Among the exhibitors at the event were Taiwan's six Pacific allies and 12 Asia-Pacific countries. <Accessed 2018-10-28>

ELECTIONS: TSU Seeks Laws to Fight Fake News (2018-10-28)
(Taipei Times, By Su Fun-her and Jake Chung)
The Taiwan Solidarity Union called on Taiwan’s government to amend the National Security Act and write legislation to counter fake news on the Internet, which it said is a large issue ahead of the upcoming local elections. The TSU also said the unchecked false information was an effort by China’s “red force”, which is concerning to Taiwanese society. <Accessed 2018-10-30>

Investment Could Stop Brain Drain: Lee (2018-10-30)
(Taipei Times, By Chen Yu-fu) Taiwan Research Institute founder Liu Tai-ying conveyed former president Lee Teng-hui's message that low investment in Taiwan has resulted in brain drain. The former president also mentioned that the lack of investment in infrastructure and outdated policies and regulations are also factors that contribute to the outflow of talents. <Accessed 2018-10-30>

Germany Supports Bigger Role for Taiwanese: Envoy (2018-10-30)
(Taipei Times/CNA) German Institute Taipei Director-General Thomas Prinz called Taiwan a like-minded democracy and expressed Germany's support for Taiwan. However, Prinz further added that violent conflict is not the solution and suggested for a rule-based international order. He also talked about Germany's experience with transitional justice and how revenge is not the way to restore truth and justice. <Accessed 2018-10-30>

MOFA Congratulates Brazilian President-Elect Bolsonaro (2018-10-31)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh) Taiwan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) congratulated Brazil's president-elect Jair Bolsonaro on winning the recent election. The ministry tweeted that Taiwan and its people look forward to greater cooperation and stronger ties with Brazil. <Accessed 2018-10-30>

Tsai Thanks eSwatini King for Support (2018-10-31)
(CNA, By Lu Hsin-hui and Elizabeth Hsu) Taiwan president Tsai Ing-wen conveyed her thanks to eSwatini's king for supporting Taiwan at the United Nations' (UN) General Assembly and for his concern for the victims of the Puyuma express train accident. The president also briefly mentioned that Taiwan has to work with its allies to open new markets, new productions bases and new global bases of operation for the nation. <Accessed 2018-10-30>
U.S.-China Relations
Trump: Not Worried About Chinese Reaction to U.S. Ship Passage (2018-10-24)
(CNA, By Rita Cheng and Evelyn Kao)
U.S. President Donald Trump responded to a reporter’s question regarding the passage of U.S. warships through the Taiwan Strait by saying he wasn’t worried about China having a potentially negative reaction. So far, China’s foreign ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying has responded by saying that China was monitoring the situation and had expressed concern to Washington. The U.S. has maintained that the passage was in accordance with international law. <Accessed 2018-10-24>

 China Mocks Report It Tapped Trump’s iPhone (and Plugs Its Own Competitor) (2018-10-25)
(New York Times, By Steven Lee Myers) China ridiculed but did not explicitly deny reports by intelligence officials that the Chinese tapped President Trump’s phone calls with old friends. <RSS, Accessed 2018-10-27>

Beijing ‘Will Not Use Yuan as Trade War Weapon’ as It Hits Two-Year Low of 6.97 to US Dollar (2018-10-26)
(South China Morning Post, By Amanda Lee) China’s central bank has denied devaluing its currency to weather the trade war and sent a veiled warning to “forces trying to short the yuan” after it weakened to a 22-month low against the US dollar. <Accessed 2018-10-27>

The US International Development Finance Corporation and China (2018-10-25)
(The Diplomat, By Mercy A. Kuo) Riva Levinson, the CEO of Washington-based consulting firm KRL International, offers some insights into the intersections between the International Development Finance Corporation and China's Belt and Road Initiative. <Accessed 2018-10-30>

Amid US-China Tension, Beijing’s Propaganda Machine Kicks Into Overdrive (2018-10-24)
(The Diplomat, By Sarah Cook) As tensions between the United States and China grow on numerous fronts, the Chinese Communist Party has followed three general trends on propaganda. These include a return to Mao-era themes, censoring negative coverage of the economy, and attempting to deliver official Party narratives to U.S.-based readers. However, these actions have garnered lots of criticism from U.S. officials and have pushed towards self-censorship within China. <Accessed 2018-10-30>

What Will the US-China Trade War Mean for Africa? (2018-10-25)
(The Diplomat, By Bonnie Girard) While many experts have shared their thoughts on how the U.S.-China trade wars will affect larger global powers, including the European Union and Russia, not much focus has been given towards the "innocent bystander" countries, many of which are in Africa. Some in Africa believe that the trade war will lead to issues such as Chinese exploitation of the domestic economies of African nations. Others see it as an opportunity to open their economies and become more relevant as exporters in light of the harsher trade restrictions between two of the world's largest economic powers. <Accessed 2018-10-30>

Cornell Cuts Ties With Chinese School After Crackdown on Students (2018-10-29)
(New York Times, By Javier C. Hernández) The decision was a rare rebuke of China’s strict limits on free speech at a time when many American universities are rushing into the China market. <RSS, Accessed 2018-11-05>

The Number 7 Could Make China’s Currency a Trade-War Weapon (2018-10-30)
(New York Times, By Keith Bradsher) The renminbi has fallen to its weakest point in a decade, and Washington worries about how that may affect the dispute between the United States and China. But Beijing has reason to hold the line. <RSS, Accessed 2018-11-05>
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
China Begins Free-Trade Talks with Palestine as It Expands its Influence in the Middle East (2018-10-24)
(South China Morning Post, By Laura Zhou) China has agreed to begin free-trade talks with Palestine, Beijing said on Wednesday, in the latest sign of the country trying to increase its political and economic engagement in the Middle East. Commerce officials from the two sides signed a memorandum of understanding during Chinese Vice-President Wang Qishan’s visit to the region, the first by a top level official in almost 20 years, the commerce ministry said in a statement. <Accessed 2018-10-27>

Xi Jinping Tells China’s Economic Powerhouse to ‘Leverage Huge Opportunity’ of Greater Bay Area
(South China Morning Post, By Phoebe Zhang and Matt Ho) President Xi Jinping on Thursday told China’s southern economic powerhouse of Guangdong to leverage the “Greater Bay Area” to take forward its reforms, on the final day of a four-day visit to the province. State media released details of his remarks during the trip in the evening, with the president also vowing to continue China’s reform and opening up as its “correct path”, and telling small and medium-sized private businesses that they had Beijing’s support. <Accessed 2018-10-27>

Improved China, Japan Ties Could Benefit Regional Peace: MOFA
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh) The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) announced that Taiwan is happy to see progress in the Sino-Japanese relations. The meeting between Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and Chinese President Xi Jinping this Friday will mark the 40th anniversary of the Treaty of Peace and Friendship. The improvement toward the Sino-Japanese relations will not affect Taiwan's ties with Japan, according to Taiwan-Japan Relations Association deputy secretary-general Hsieh Bor-huei. <Accessed 2018-10-26>

Japan’s Balancing Act Tours Beijing (2018-10-25)
(East Asia Forum, By Rumi Aoyama) Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe is visiting Beijing this week — the latest event in a gradual thawing of Japan–China relations. The expected outcomes of Abe’s visit will continue his administration’s foreign policy rebalance between China and the United States. While China welcomes the opportunity for deeper relations with Japan, the United States may be less enthusiastic. <Accessed 2018-10-27>

The US International Development Finance Corporation and China (2018-10-25)
(The Diplomat, By Mercy A. Kuo) Riva Levinson, the CEO of Washington-based consulting firm KRL International, offers some insights into the intersections between the International Development Finance Corporation and China's Belt and Road Initiative. <Accessed 2018-10-30>

China, Japan Moving from Competition to Cooperation, Leaders Say (2018-10-26)
(South China Morning Post, By Catherine Wong) Relations between China and Japan have overcome “obstacles” and are moving “from competition to cooperation”, the nations’ leaders said on Friday as they signed new deals to prevent military clashes at sea and boost financial and economic collaboration. <Accessed 2018-10-27>

Japan’s Leader Goes to Beijing. Here’s What’s at Stake.
(New York Times, By Motoko Rich) After a bitter and bloody history dating back to World War II, Japan and China are mending ties, and there’s one big reason: Donald Trump. <RSS, Accessed 2018-10-27>

Europe’s Challenge to China (2018-10-26)
(The Diplomat, By Julian Chan) The new "Connecting Europe with Asia" strategy outlined by the European Union is a comprehensive response plan to China's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). While the strategy was not explicitly targeted as a response to BRI, the details within show that this is a clear instance of Europe attempting to take back global leadership positions from China, which many have viewed with increasing caution. How China will respond remains to be seen. <Accessed 2018-10-30>

Does China Still Want to Be a Global Environmental Leader? (2018-10-27)
(The Diplomat, By Li Shuo) Much of China's political power has been spent focusing on the deepening conflicts with the United States. As a result, confidence in China's ability to be a leader in climate change reform across the globe is waning. As the political climate changes, Chinese leaders must show that they are still willing to stand up for what they claim to believe in. <Accessed 2018-10-30>

China-Japan Ties at ‘Historic Turning Point’ after Shinzo Abe’s Visit, But Can the Goodwill Hold? (2018-10-28)
(South China Morning Post, By Shi Jiangtao) Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s latest China visit marked a major effort to reset the tumultuous relations between the two Asian giants amid a backdrop of historical grievances, territorial disputes in the East China Sea and geopolitical rivalry in the wake of Beijing’s rapid ascendancy in the region. <Accessed 2018-11-05>

Japan Joins to Shape China’s Belt and Road (2018-10-28)
(East Asia Forum, By Shiro Armstrong) There was also a raft of other announcements that will help normalise the political relationship between the two Asian giants that share one of the largest economic relationships in the world. But the most consequential of those could be the joint investment in infrastructure projects. <Accessed 2018-11-05>

The Dalai Lama and China’s Quest for Buddhist Soft Power (2018-10-29)
(The Diplomat, By Rinzin Dorjee) As China invests more and more in the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), religion remains relevant in China, despite official CCP positions on religion. China has greatly invested in the symbols of Buddhism throughout the country and focuses on the soft power influence it can gain through religion, even though the CCP remains officially atheist. One major goal it has is to gain support for the Chinese appointment of the next Dalai Lama, which it must heavily invest in Buddhist soft power to gain legitimacy towards. <Accessed 2018-10-30>

Is China Losing the Opportunity to Lead? (2018-10-30)
(The Diplomat, By Robert Dujarric) While China's main adversaries, namely the United States and the European Union, struggle with their own complex political situations at home, China is not able to take advantage of the moment and does not seem to have gained much. Several domestic hurdles prevent the idea of the Chinese Dream from gaining much steam abroad, and the growing Chinese economy is viewed with some apprehension from other global powers. China may have lost an opportunity to gain a spot in global leadership. <Accessed 2018-10-30>

Angela Merkel’s Exit May Mean a Policy Shift for China in Europe (2018-10-30)
(South China Morning Post, By Wendy Wu) China will have to reconsider its approach to Europe when German Chancellor Angela Merkel makes her exit and the political landscape in the region changes, according to analysts. They say Merkel’s departure will bring new uncertainties to an already inward-looking European Union and add to the complexity for Beijing as it tries to counter rising protectionism in the United States and the tide of anti-globalisation sentiment. <Accessed 2018-11-05>

Abe Visited China to Gain Leverage in Trade Talks: Fellow (2018-10-30)
(Taipei Times/CNA) Tsai Zheng-jia, a research fellow at National Chengchi University's Institute of International Relations, remarked that while China and Japan have their differences and conflicts, the meeting between Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, Chinese President Xi Jinping and Chinese Premier Li Keqiang demonstrated a "united front" on free trade. Meanwhile, President Xi stated that a healthy Sino-Japanese relation benefits both countries. <Accessed 2018-10-31>

Chinese Military May Gain From Western University Ties, Report Warns (2018-10-30)
(New York Times, By Jamie Tarabay) A new report from Australia says the West is taking risks by collaborating with researchers tied to the Chinese military. <RSS, Accessed 2018-11-05>
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
Territorial Disputes

PacNet #71 - How Can Maritime Good Order Be Maintained in the South China Sea? (2018-10-26)
(Pacific Forum, By Sookjoon Yoon) A new agreement that is based on international law and on related domestic law is needed to extend and institutionalize the existing UNCLOS framework. It is time for China and the US to look beyond their saber-rattling power games; they must work together, with all the other regional stakeholders, to maintain maritime security in the SCS. <Accessed 2018-10-27>

Military Dialogue ‘Best Way’ to Ease US-China Tensions in South China Sea
(South China Morning Post, By Minnie Chan) With bilateral ties between China and the US at a historic low point, the two countries’ militaries should step up communication to ease escalating tensions, Chinese military delegates at a Beijing security forum said. <Accessed 2018-10-27>

China’s Foreign Minister Heads to Philippines as Sides Near Deal on South China Sea Exploration
(South China Morning Post, By Catherine Wong) China’s top diplomat will arrive in the Philippines on Sunday for talks with its top officials, as analysts said the two countries could be close to a deal on joint energy exploration in the disputed South China Sea. <Accessed 2018-10-27>

Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi Warns US against ‘Interference’ in South China Sea (2018-10-29)
(South China Morning Post, By Sarah Zheng) China’s foreign minister Wang Yi has warned against “external interference” in the South China Sea in a pointed rebuke to the United States. The sharp words he reserved for Washington, which has been increasingly critical of Chinese militarisation of the contentious waters, came as Beijing pledged to expand its cooperation with Manila during a visit to the Philippines, signing deals that offered millions in humanitarian and policing aid. <Accessed 2018-11-05>

The Korean Peninsula

North Korean Workers and Imports Continue to Cross Border into China Despite UN Sanctions
(South China Morning Post, By Lee Jeong-ho) Labourers and seafood products from North Korea can be easily found across the border in a northeast Chinese county that is reeling economically from United Nations sanctions aimed at curbing Pyongyang’s nuclear programme, sources with ties to Chinese companies and North Koreans say. <Accessed 2018-10-27>

Other Regional Issues

How a World War II-Era Reparations Case Is Roiling Asia
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-Hun and Rick Gladstone) More than seven decades later, South Korea’s top court ruled that Japanese companies must pay for their use of Korean slave labor during World War II. <RSS, Accessed 2018-11-05>

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