::: TSR Weekly Report
2018-10-02 | NO.42(18) epaper |
Note to Readers
TSR is pleased to announce newly published books about Taiwan and East Asia on its website and in its weekly newsletter. If you're a scholar or your book is coming out from an academic press, please send the title of your book and a link to the publisher's web site to TSR's Senior Editor, James Lee (JL18@alumni.princeton.edu).
U.S.-Taiwan Relations
 Taiwan Welcomes U.S. Bipartisan Support for Asia Bill (2018-09-30)
(CNA, By Matt Yu and Shih Hsiu-chuan) The successful passage of the Asia Reassurance Initiative Act of 2018 affirms the significance of the Taiwan-U.S. relations and U.S. lawmakers' support for peace and stability in the region according to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Under the bill, the U.S. government will fulfill its current commitments to Taiwan under the Taiwan Relations Act and the Six Assurances. <Accessed 2018-09-30>

Wyoming State Governor to Open New Trade Office in Taipei  (2018-09-30)
(CNA, By Elaine Hou and William Yen)
The governor of Wyoming, Matt Mead, has arrived in Taiwan for a six-day visit, during which he will preside over the opening of a Wyoming trade office, attend the 2018 U.S.-Taiwan Business Day, and meet with government and business representatives. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs highlighted the strong economic and trade relationship between the state of Wyoming and Taiwan. <Accessed 2018-09-30>

Lockheed Says ATPs Part of US Arms Package (2018-10-01)
(Taipei Times, By Lo Tien-pin, Jake Chung and Johnathan Chin) Lockheed Martin Co announced that the US arms package for Taiwan will include 18 Sniper Advanced Targeting Pods (ATP) although the Ministry of National Defense has yet to disclose information about the arms package. Meanwhile, the US Defense Security Cooperation Agency and Department of State reported that a US$330 million arms sales' proposal to enhance Taiwan's military defense abilities has been sent to the US Congress. <Accessed 2018-10-02>

Where Will US-Taiwan Relations Under Trump End Up? (2018-09-27)
(The Diplomat, By Prashanth Parameswaran) U.S.-Taiwan relations have grown significantly so far under the Trump administration, beginning with the congratulatory phone call from President Tsai Ing-wen to then-President-elect Donald Trump to the passage of the Taiwan Travel Act and to the completion of one arms sale to Taiwan and the first stages of approval for a second. As China's campaign against Taiwan has increased in intensity over the past year, the Trump administration's support for Taiwan has also increased. However, we cannot consider each event individually, and we must observe the United States's interactions with China as well as Taiwan's relations with other diplomatic allies and with China itself. <Accessed 2018-10-01>
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
El Salvador’s Break of Ties with Taiwan Non-Transparent: Opposition (2018-09-28)
(CNA, By Chiang Chin-yeh and Elizabeth Hsu)
Carlos Calleja, an El Salvadorian presidential candidate of the opposition National Republican Alliance, said at a conference in Washington D.C. that El Salvador’s decision to break ties with Taiwan was unexpected, ill-handled, and lacked transparency. He also said he would seek to nurture El Salvador and Taiwan’s economic ties if elected but avoided a question about resuming diplomatic relations. <Accessed 2018-09-28>

Tuvalu, St. Vincent Call for Taiwan's Participation in U.N. (2018-09-28)
(CNA, By Ozzy Yin and Lee Hsin-Yin)
Two more of Taiwan’s diplomatic allies, Tuvalu and St. Vincent and Grenadines, called for Taiwan’s involvement in the U.N. while at the U.N. General Assembly. Tuvalu Prime Minister Enele Sosene Sopoaga said that Taiwan’s exclusion violates the rights of Taiwanese citizens, and St. Vincent and the Grenadines Prime Minister Ralph Gonsalves said that the denial of Taiwan’s participation is baseless. A total of eight of Taiwan’s allies have spoken on Taiwan’s behalf at the General Debate session. <Accessed 2018-09-28>

Honduras Reaffirms Ties with Taiwan (2018-09-28)
(CNA, By Leaf Chiang and Lee Hsin-Yin)
Amid speculation that Taiwan’s diplomatic relations with Central American allies are waning, Marlon Tabora-Munoz, Honduras’s ambassador to the United States, said that Honduras values its strong relationship with Taiwan. Tabora-Munoz also said that the bilateral relationship is stable at the moment and that he expects the relationship to continue strengthening. <Accessed 2018-09-28>

More Allies Voice Support for Taiwans Inclusion in U.N. Activities (2018-09-30)
(CNA, By Ozzy Yin and Frances Huang) During the general assembly of the U.N., prime ministers from three of Taiwan's remaining 17 allies, Solomon Islands, Saint Lucia, and Saint Kitts and Nevis, expressed their support for Taiwan's participation in the United Nations' specialized bodies. The three prime ministers echoed their support for Taiwan's inclusion by stating that Taiwan has much to contribute in international development strategies, and the nation and its people should not be left behind and deprived of the right to self-determination. <Accessed 2018-09-30>

Fake News Undermines Democracy: President Tsai (2018-09-30)
(CNA, By Yeh Su-ping and Lee Hsin-Yin) Speaking at the opening ceremony of the annual Asia-Pacific Think-tank Summit, Taiwan president Tsai Ing-wen remarked that fake news is harming our societies and threatens democracy around the world. The president called countries in the Asia-Pacific region to seek cooperation in controlling and overcoming the propagation of fake news. The president also stated that the Indo-Pacific strategy, endorsed by like-minded countries, will increase greater partnership between nations in areas of investment, trade, and infrastructure. <Accessed 2018-09-30>

KMT Again Disrupts Premier's Report (2018-09-30)
(Taipei Times, By Sean Lin) During a scheduled legislative plenary session, the Chinese National Party (KMT) blocked Premier William Lai's administrative report as a protest against the Transitional Justice Commission. The KMT caucus requested for an impartial third party to investigate the commission's decision pertaining to the incident involving former commission deputy chairman Chang Tien-chin's leaked audio recording of a meeting, where Chang was heard making the suggestion to manipulate public opinion against former New Taipei City deputy mayor Hou You-yi. <Accessed 2018-09-30>

KMT, DPP Point Fingers at 'Copycat' Mayoral Candidates (2018-09-30)
(Taipei Times, By Sean Lin and Peng Wan-hsin) The Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) and Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) caucuses accused each other's New Taipei City mayoral candidates of copying their respective candidates' campaign policies. The DPP New Taipei City mayoral candidate Su Tseng-chang introduced his policies for urban regeneration, childcare, elderly care, smart city development, and urban beautification, while the KMT's candidate, New Taipei City Deputy Mayor Hou You-yi, presented his policies on enacting government-led urban renewal, increasing public daycare centers, building technology and security in the city, and developing prime business activities for each district. <Accessed 2018-09-30>

CEC Eyes Fraud Charge Against KMT (2018-09-30)
(Taipei Times, By Chen Yu-fu and Jonathan Chin)
The Central Election Commission said that it would deliberate on Tuesday how to deal with the KMT’s referendum petition that it suspects has around 182,848 copied or forged signatures. The CEC said the KMT may be liable under there Criminal Code for this incident and that it would follow the law and due procedure in handling the situation. <Accessed 2018-09-30>

Indonesian Envoy to Taiwan Thanks Government for Help Pledge (2018-09-30)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh)
Didi Sumedi, representative of Indonesian Economic and Trade Office to Taipei, thanked Taiwan on Sunday for its offer to help in the wake of an earthquake that hit an Indonesian island Friday. He expressed gratitude to Taiwan’s willingness to help but said the help is unneeded at the moment. <Accessed 2018-09-30>

Belize Speaks for Taiwan’s Participation in the U.N. (2018-09-30)
(CNA, By Ozzy Yin and Evelyn Kao)
Another one of Taiwan’s diplomatic allies, Belize, came forward to speak on behalf of Taiwan’s participation in the U.N. on Saturday at the General Assembly. Belize’s foreign minister, Wilfred Elrington, called attention to the fact that despite U.N. members willingness to conduct business with Taiwan, they still haven’t allowed Taiwan’s participation in the institution. Only two of Taiwan’s allies, Nicaragua and the Vatican, have yet to speak at the General Assembly. <Accessed 2018-09-30>

Taiwan Navy to Commission Two Perry-class Frigates Next Month (2018-10-01)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh) A Navy official announced that the Republic of China (Taiwan) has placed an order for two Perry-class guided missile frigates from the U.S. Navy chief of staff Vice Admiral Lee Chung-hsiao explained to Taiwanese lawmakers during a Legislative hearing that the Perry-class vessels will increase Taiwan's defense capability. The newly commissioned ships will be positioned to guard the Taiwan Strait. <Accessed 2018-10-02>

Taiwan’s Bid to Tackle ‘Fake News’ Raises Fears over Freedom of Speech (2018-10-01)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Taiwan is considering revising its National Security Act, saying it wants to stop “fake news” it claims comes mostly from mainland China and is aimed at disrupting social order on the self-ruled island and smearing its independence-leaning authorities. But critics and analysts urged the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) government to think twice before bringing back the “thought police” who were notoriously active trying to silence dissenting voices in Taiwan from 1949 to 1987 under Kuomintang rule. <Accessed 2018-10-03>

Lawmakers Criticize Chinese Taipei Olympic Group (2018-10-01)
(Taipei Times, By Chung Li-hua and Jake Chung) Two Taiwanese lawmakers criticized the Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee (CTOC) for sending representatives to visit Shenyang, China instead of standing up to China's suppression toward Taiwan, which has caused Taichung to lose the rights to host the East Asian Youth Games. However, the CTOC responded by saying that since 1989 the Olympic committees from both nations have maintained interactions and exchanges. <Accessed 2018-10-02>

Marine Services Joint Venture Eyes New Southbound Policy Markets (2018-10-01)
(CNA, By Wang Shu-fen and Frances Huang) In line with President Tsai Ing-wen's New Southbound Policy, which aims to foster stronger ties between Taiwan and other nations while lessening Taiwan's dependence on China, Taiwan International Ports Corp. (TIPC) plans to set up a new company by teaming up with four Taiwanese firms under a joint venture partnership. According to TIPC spokesperson Kao Chuan-kai, the new company will have the necessary expertise and experience from its shareholders to successfully enter the markets of countries targeted by the New Southbound Policy. <Accessed 2018-10-02>

Taiwan’s Indigenous Submarine to Be Based on European Design (2018-09-26)
(The Diplomat, By Franz-Stefan Gady) The Republic of China Navy's fleet of domestically-designed submarines will be based on a European design. The Ministry of Defense evaluated design proposals from several firms, including European, American, Japanese, and Indian ones. The preliminary design phase is expected to be completed by the end of 2018. <Accessed 2018-10-01>
U.S.-China Relations
China Cancels High-Level Security Talks With the U.S. (2018-09-30)
(New York Times, By Jane Perlez) The decision to withdraw from an important annual meeting shows how tensions over an escalating trade war are spreading to other arenas. <RSS, Accessed 2018-10-03>

Can China Manage Trump’s America without Doing Damage to Itself and the World? (2018-10-01)
(East Asia Forum, By the Editorial Board) Trump’s trade war is not your ordinary, everyday trade dispute. It is now set in the context of a hardening narrative from across the United States (not just Trump in Washington) of conflict with China, not cooperation and competition. <Accessed 2018-10-03>

U.S.-China Ties More Conflicting Than Cooperative: MAC
(CNA, By Chai Sze-chia and Evelyn Kao) Participants at a recent Taiwan's Mainland Affairs Council (MAC) meeting expressed concern over the tense U.S.-China relations due to the ongoing trade war between both nations and contend that it could also affect other areas such as strategy, security and technology. They proposed that Taiwan's government should encourage Taiwanese businesses based in China to move their production bases back to Taiwan or to Southeast Asia. <Accessed 2018-10-02>

Amid Trade War, Businesses in China Urged to Return: Premier Lai (2018-10-01)
(CNA, By Chu Che-wei and Ko Lin) Premier Lai Ching-te said that the Taiwanese government is making efforts to encourage Taiwanese businesses based in China to move their production facilities back to Taiwan in light of the current trade war between the U.S. and China. According to Lai, some of the government's efforts include promoting tax breaks, relaxing the regulations and introducing proposals to resolve shortages of skilled worker, manpower, electricity, water and land. <Accessed 2018-10-02>

How Donald Trump Made Being Tough on China the New Normal and Why It's Here to Stay (2018-09-27)
(South China Morning Post, By Kristian McGuire) Intense media coverage of the tariff battle between Washington and Beijing has obscured the fact that most Americans are dissatisfied with the broader US-China economic relationship. A number of factors indicate that the US will persist in its challenging of Chinese state capitalism until Beijing adopts reciprocity as the guiding principle in its economic relations. <Accessed 2018-10-02>

Another US-China Dialogue Bites the Dust (2018-10-02)
(The Diplomat, By Shannon Tiezzi) As a response to the United States's levied tariffs on China's Equipment Development Department, China has pulled out of the Diplomatic and Security Dialogue. U.S. Secretary of Defense Jim Mattis was supposed to travel to Beijing in mid-October for the talks, but China will not be sending a senior official to greet him. Military exchanges between the two countries have often suffered due to their tense relationship. <Accessed 2018-10-02>

The US-China Trade War Has No Winners—Yet (2018-10-02)
(The Diplomat, By Dingding Chen) A full-blown trade war has been underway between the United States and China, and both sides have levied numerous rounds of tariffs onto the other. However, due to numerous reasons, observers have not been able to determine a winner and loser in the trade war yet. However, if the trade war spreads, both economies will suffer. <Accessed 2018-10-02>

Pentagon: Chinese Warship in 'Unsafe' Encounter With US Destroyer During Freedom of Navigation Operation (2018-10-02)
(The Diplomat, By Ankit Panda) Following a U.S. destroyer sailed within 12 nautical miles of the two artificial islands China has constructed in the South China Sea, China has responded by trailing the warship and coming very close to contact with the ship. The reaction was deemed dangerous and unsafe by the U.S. Department of Defense. The Chinese condemned the alleged violation of their sovereignty after the incident. <Accessed 2018-10-02>

Pentagon Accuses China of Dumping Products to Undermine U.S. Security (2018-10-02)
(Foreign Policy, By Lara Seligman) A U.S. Defense Department-led review ordered by President Donald Trump concludes that the Chinese government is deliberately leveraging its monopoly on certain key natural resources to undermine the U.S. defense industrial base, sources told Foreign Policy ahead of the study’s release. <Accessed 2018-10-03>

US, Chinese Warships within Metres of Collision in South China Sea, Leaked Pictures Show (2018-10-03)
(South China Morning Post, By Catherine Wong) Leaked aerial photos taken by the US Navy show how close a Chinese destroyer came to colliding with an American warship during a tense face-off in the disputed South China Sea. The near-miss occurred on Sunday while the American ship was performing a “freedom of navigation” operation, sailing close to the China-claimed Gaven Reef in the disputed Spratly Islands. <Accessed 2018-10-03>
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
 China’s Empty Promises of Green Energy for Africa (2018-09-26)
(The Diplomat, By Jill van de Walle) At the Forum for China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) in early September, President Xi Jinping promised high amounts of investments for green energy on the African continent. However, most energy investments are still going into nonrenewable energy sources, including coal and oil. In order for China to fully embrace the switch to clean energy and investment in such, it must first reform its lending strategy and energy financing system. <Accessed 2018-10-01>

Is the Beijing Exception Finally Crumbling? (2018-09-27)
(The Diplomat, By Arch Puddington) For decades, the world has kept quiet as Beijing gets away with numerous abuses of human rights and political rights in China, issues that would have drawn widespread condemnation had it been any other power in question. However, as news over the surveillance state in Xinjiang has come to light, the international community seems to be taking a harder stance on China and giving a much harsher response. Even several Muslim-majority countries, some of which normally have good relations with China, have begun calling Beijing out for its atrocious abuses in the Uyghur-dominated area. <Accessed 2018-10-01>

How China Sidelines NGOs (2018-09-28)
(The Diplomat, By Hannah Feldshuh) Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in China have been facing increasing barriers and constraints to their effective operations within the country, such as registration of foreign NGOs and limitations upon freedom of expression. They have been increasingly seen as a threat to government aims and have been addressing sensitive topics. These increasing limitations can especially be observed in the gender equality and domestic violence prevention movements. <Accessed 2018-10-01>
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
Territorial Disputes

Beijing Faces Growing Challenges to Its South China Sea Claims (2018-10-01)
(South China Morning Post, By Kristin Huang and Teddy Ng) Beijing is facing heightened challenges to its vast territorial claims over the South China Sea, as major powers continue to send warships and aircraft to the contested waters. Military operations in the disputed waterway have added to friction between China and the United States, as well as with Britain and Japan, observers say, leaving Southeast Asian nations with claims to the area caught in the middle. <Accessed 2018-10-03>

The Korean Peninsula

‘No Way’ North Korea Will Denuclearize Without U.S. Concessions (2018-09-29)
(New York Times, By Megan Specia) North Korea’s foreign minister demanded American action first, while President Trump said he and Kim Jong-un, the North’s leader, “fell in love.” <RSS, Accessed 2018-10-03>

North Korea Escalates Pressure on U.S. Ahead of Pompeo Visit
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-Hun) North Korea says it will escalate its demands in its negotiations with the U.S. if Washington insists on too much in return. <RSS, Accessed 2018-10-03>

Contact: James Lee, Senior Editor 

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