::: TSR Weekly Report
2018-08-28 | NO.42(13) epaper |
Note to Readers
TSR is pleased to announce newly published books about Taiwan and East Asia on its website and in its weekly newsletter. If you're a scholar or your book is coming out from an academic press, please send the title of your book and a link to the publisher's web site to TSR's Senior Editor, James Lee (JL18@alumni.princeton.edu).
Cross-Strait Relations
Taiwan Risks Losing More Allies as Beijing Raises Pressure on Global Stage (2018-08-22)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Taiwan risks losing three more allies, with Beijing openly calling for eSwatini – formerly Swaziland – to switch ties to mainland China, and the chance of a domino effect influencing Guatemala and Honduras. The risk of more diplomatic setbacks for the self-ruled island rose after El Salvador decided to switch recognition to Beijing this week, prompting Taipei to accuse mainland China of pursuing “dollar diplomacy”. <Accessed 2018-08-28>

Taiwan President Says China is Aiming to Use Pressure to Affect Elections
(Reuters) Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen said on Wednesday China was exerting pressure on the island in an attempt to influence its politics, including upcoming local elections. <Accessed 2018-08-22>

Premier Lai Calls for Public Awareness of China’s ‘Real Intention’ (2018-08-22)
(CNA, By Chen Chun-hua and S.C. Chang)
Premier Lai Ching-te said Wednesday in an interview with CNA that the public needed to recognize China’s bullying tactics against Taiwan and how they would actually be harmful to China in the long run. Lai also said that he believes China’s bullying will only stop if it can see the actions sparking greater unity within Taiwan. <Accessed 2018-08-22>

Ex-President Ma: Do Something to Stop Losing More Allies (2018-08-22)
(CNA, By Lee Shu-hua and S.C. Chang)
Former President Ma Ying-jeou said Wednesday that President Tsai Ing-wen should carefully consider how to restore positive relations between China and Taiwan to prevent China from continuing poaching Taiwan’s allies. He looked back on his presidency and the importance that he placed on cross-Strait relations, saying that Tsai could consider a similar approach in order to preserve Taiwan’s foreign relations. <Accessed 2018-08-22>

China Won’t Cease Bullying Taiwan: President  (2018-08-22)
(CNA, By Lu Hsin-hui and Flor Wang)
President Tsai Ing-wen Wednesday addressed the public’s concerns over China’s poaching of Taiwanese allies. She asserted that her administration would put full effort into guarding Taiwan’s sovereignty and safety. She called China’s bullying tactics an effort to sway the domestic Taiwanese opinions away from pro-independence back towards reunification and said that the citizens must maintain their morale. <Accessed 2018-08-23>

MAC Denounces Chinese Oppression (2018-08-22)
(Taipei Times, By Stacy Hou and Lee I-chia, With CNA)
The Mainland Affairs Council in response to El Salvador’s sudden break of diplomatic ties with Taiwan condemned China’s bullying efforts aimed at influencing Taiwan’s political stances. The MAC said that China’s tactics would only bring Taiwanese citizens closer together. <Accessed 2018-08-22>

Drop ‘Status Quo’ and Promote ‘Taiwan’, NPP Says (2018-08-22)
(Taipei Times, By Ann Maxon)
The New Power Party, in response to Taiwan’s loss of diplomatic ally El Salvador, urged the Democratic Progressive Party not to repair relations with China but instead to abandon the “status quo” in favor of promoting Taiwan’s best interests under the name “Taiwan”. It also said Taiwan should take more steps to establish itself as an independent nation, such as reforming the Constitution and supporting referendums to officially rename Taiwan. <Accessed 2018-08-22>

Tsai Marks Anniversary of Kinmen Bombardment, Vows to Safeguard Taiwan (2018-08-23)
(CNA, By Lu Hsin-hui and Flor Wang) In a recent video posted on her Facebook page, Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen thanked the military personnel and troops for courageously protecting the nation and its people when the Chinese communist forces bombed Kinmen Island in 1958. President Tsai reaffirmed the government's commitment to protect Taiwan's freedom and democracy, and further stated that Taiwan will not yield to China's pressure but hopes to continue peaceful cross-strait relations with China. <Accessed 2018-08-24>

Taiwan Will Not Bow to China’s Plundering: MAC (2018-08-24)
(CNA, By Lin Ke-lun and Flor Wang)
Mainland Affairs Council Deputy Minister Chiu Chui-cheng on Friday defended Taiwan;s sovereignty and said that Taiwan will not surrender to Chinese bullying. Chiu also called this issue one that affects the entire international community and is not just confined to the Asia-Pacific, as China’s blocking of Taiwan’s international participation efforts affects the entire international community. <Accessed 2018-08-26>

Students Revolt over ‘Taiwan, China’ Switch for English Language Test (2018-08-24)
(South China Morning Post, By Sarah Zheng) A popular English-language proficiency test angered Taiwanese students after its official website modified the way it listed Taiwan to fall in line with Beijing’s claims over the self-ruled island. Thousands of students lodged protests with the US-based Educational Testing Service (ETS) this week over the change to its drop-down menu of testing locations for the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) exam – widely used for university admission – to describe the self-ruled island as “Taiwan, China”. <Accessed 2018-08-28>

Academic Tout Lessons From 823 (2018-08-25)
(Taipei Times, By Sean Lin) Academics drew lessons from the 823 Artillery Bombardment in Kinmen on how to handle cross-strait relations. While former Chungshan Institute of Science and Technology chairman Kung Chia-cheng suggested that Kinmen's autonomy could set a good example for people in Hong Kong and Xiamen, Taiwan Strategy Research Association chairman Wong Ming-hsien remarked that given Taiwan's strategic location in the First Island Chain of the Pacific Ocean, the US should consider giving Taiwan a pivotal role to play in its Indo-Pacific strategy to maintain security in the West Pacific. <Accessed 2018-08-26>

CCP Using Crime Rings in Taiwan: US Commission (2018-08-27)
(Taipei Times, By Peng Wan-hsin and Sherry Hsiao) The US-China Economic and Security Review Commission reported that the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is trying to cause unrest among Taiwanese by using its 'united front' operations to sponsor organized crime and interfere in Taiwan's politics. The report also stated that China's motive in investing in US academic and policy discourse is to allow China to nurture people to act as a mouthpiece for China. <Accessed 2018-08-28>

The Inconvenient Truth Behind Tsai Ing-Wen’s Diplomatic Troubles (2018-08-28)
(China-US Focus, By Dennis V. Hickey) In sum, it is likely that Beijing will continue to slowly agree to the requests by other states to drop Taipei and establish diplomatic relations with the PRC. Even the island’s links with the Vatican – its only diplomatic partner on the European continent – now appear fragile. <Accessed 2018-08-28>

Ikea Under Fire for Listing Taiwan as a Country on Its Packaging (2018-08-28)
(South China Morning Post, By Lee Jeong-ho) Ikea has become the latest foreign company to fall foul of Beijing’s demand that Taiwan be referred to as part of China, with the Swedish furniture giant coming under fire from state media and mainland internet users over its packaging. On Tuesday, a report in state-run nationalist tabloid Global Times said Ikea had violated the “one China” principle by treating Taiwan and semi-autonomous Hong Kong as countries on its packaging. <Accessed 2018-08-28>
U.S.-Taiwan Relations
 Taiwan Thankful For U.S. 'Voice of Justice': President (2018-08-23)
(CNA, By Shih Hsiu-chuan) In a live-stream meeting on Facebook, President Tsai Ing-wen thanked the U.S. for recognizing Taiwan as a reliable partner and a positive democratic force in the world. Tsai further stated that the government is fully committed to defend Taiwan's sovereignty, democracy, freedom, and dignity. The president expressed hope that other democratic nations will speak out against China's aggression. <Accessed 2018-08-24>

Ex-U.S. Official Urges Increased Interactions With Taiwan (2018-08-23)
(CNA, By Chiang Chin-yeh and Flor Wang) In light of El Salvador's recent decision to cut diplomatic ties with Taiwan in favor of China, Richard Armitage, a former U.S. deputy secretary of state, has urged the U.S. to increase its interactions with Taiwan. Armitage further stated that the U.S. continues to support Taiwan's democracy and that Taiwan should not be subjected to intimidation but instead, has the rights to freely safeguard its sovereignty and protect its people. <Accessed 2018-08-24>

U.S. Relise on Taiwan in Regional Peace and Stability: AIT Head (2018-08-23)
(CNA, By Shih Hsiu-chuan) Brent Christensen, the director of the American Institute in Taiwan (AIT), affirmed the U.S. government's continued support for Taiwan. Christensen remarked that the U.S. views Taiwan as a reliable partner and a key player in the Indo-Pacific region in promoting peace and stability within the region. The AIT director expressed confidence in a strong U.S.-Taiwan relationship. <Accessed 2018-08-24>

El Salvador’s Diplomatic Switch to Beijing May Hit Economy and Security throughout Americas, United States Warns (2018-08-24)
(South China Morning Post, By Sarah Zheng) Tensions between China and the United States are ballooning beyond the ongoing trade war on a new front over El Salvador’s decision to switch recognition from Taipei to Beijing, with the White House warning it will “affect the economic health and security of the entire Americas region”. <Accessed 2018-08-28>

Tsai Ing-wen Calls for ‘Normalisation’ of Arms Sales as Taiwan, US Seek Closer Military Ties (2018-08-25)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Taiwan and the United States are seeking to boost their military ties, with the self-ruled island’s President Tsai Ing-wen calling for “normalisation” of US arms sales when she met a former Pacific Fleet commander. <Accessed 2018-08-28>

US Senator Moots Ally Retention Plan (2018-08-25)
(Reuters, Washington) Speaking to reporters over a telephone interview, US Senator Cory Gardner expressed hope that the Taipei Act of 2018 would furnish the State Department with better directions and measures to address China's aggression and provide support to Taiwan. The proposed bill also seeks to grant the State Department the power to suspend or change US foreign aid to states taking actions that could potentially hurt Taiwan. <Accessed 2018-08-26>

Minister Wu Dismisses Concern US Might Leverage Ties (2018-08-25)
(Bloomberg, Taipei) In a recent interview with Bloomberg Television, Taiwan Minister of Foreign Affairs Joseph Wu said that Taiwan is not a bargaining chip between the US and China. The Foreign Affairs Minister also raised concerns over China's increasing influence in Central America amid El Salvador's recent decision to switch allegiance from Taiwan to China. However, Wu expressed confidence in the growing support from US, Japan, and other nations that have shared values of freedom and democracy. <Accessed 2018-08-26>

 US Report Raises Doubts Over All-Volunteer Military (2018-08-25)
(Taipei Times, by Aaron Tu and Johnathan Chin) An annual US Department of Defense report focusing on China's military power expressed concerns over Taiwan's plan to implement an all-volunteer military. According to the report, an all-volunteer military plan would be costly and could potentially affect military funds allocated for other military purposes. Meanwhile, Taiwan's Control Yuan and Legislative Yuan also have their reservations on the all-volunteer military initiative. <Accessed 2018-08-26>

Hualien, Temple City Establish City-to-City Ties (2018-08-26)
(CNA, Tsao Yu-fan and Elizabeth Hsu)
California’s Temple City and Taiwan’s Hualien county signed a memorandum of understanding commencing official ties between the two cities. The relationship will be beneficial in the economic, cultural, and tourism sectors. <Accessed 2018-08-26>

Tsai Praises McCain, Offers Condolences (2018-08-27)
(Taipei Times/CNA) President Tsai Ing-wen expressed her deepest sympathy and condolences to the family of US Senator John McCain, who died of brain cancer on Saturday at the age of 81, saying she will remember him as a friend and a fighter. <Accessed 2018-08-27>

U.S., Taiwan to be Partners in Indo-Pacific Strategy: AIT (2018-08-28)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh) During a smart cities symposium in Taipei, American Institute in Taiwan (AIT) Director Brent Christensen said that the U.S. and Taiwan are planning to work closely together in infrastructure, energy, and the digital economy. The AIT Director also commented that the U.S. hopes that nations will continue to practice free and open economies in the Indo-Pacific. <Accessed 2018-08-29>

12 Taiwanese Firms Awarded by U.S. for Rescue Assistance on High Seas (2018-08-28)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh) The United States awarded 12 Taiwanese shipping companies for their assistance and voluntary participation in the U.S.-led humanitarian rescue missions, the Automated Mutual Assistance Vessel Rescue (Amver) ship safety and rescue program. <Accessed 2018-08-29>

Americans Say Taiwan Is the Least of Their Worries about China (2018-08-29)
(South China Morning Post, By Kristin Huang and Sarah Zheng) Americans have ranked Taiwan – the self-ruled island claimed by Beijing – as their lowest concern on a list of eight issues to do with China in a survey carried out by a US think tank. The Pew Research Centre released its findings on Wednesday, amid an escalating trade war between China and the US and after Beijing last week began formal diplomatic relations with another former Taiwan ally, El Salvador. <Accessed 2018-08-28>
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
 Taiwan's last Africa ally tells China 'no desire' to switch ties (2018-08-22)
(Reuters, By Christian Shepherd and Lunga Masuku) Taiwan’s last diplomatic ally in Africa, the Kingdom of eSwatini, said on Wednesday it had no intention of switching ties to China, after a Chinese diplomat said he expected it to ditch Taipei soon amid a bitter diplomatic dispute. <Accessed 2018-08-23>

Diplomacy: Analysis - Taiwan's Ongoing Battle For Allies and Identity (2018-08-23)
(AFP, Taipei) Most multinational corporations have submitted to China's pressure by removing the name 'Taiwan' from their websites. China's tactic of isolating Taiwan globally has also caused El Salvador to switch allegiance from Taiwan to China recently. According to experts, China's strategy demonstrates that China has no intention for dialogue but China's aggression might backfire and cause pro-independence supporters to push for a Republic of Taiwan. <Accessed 2018-08-24>

Honduras, Nicaragua Envoys Affirm Ties with Taiwan (2018-08-23)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh) The ambassadors of Honduras and Nicaragua to Taiwan reasserted their countries' continued support for Taiwan. Both nations reaffirmed their commitments to continue maintaining diplomatic ties with Taiwan after El Salvador decided to sever diplomatic ties with Taiwan in favor of China, due to China's huge financial assistance to El Salvador. <Accessed 2018-08-24>

Taiwan Still Seeking to Join CPTPP: Premier Lai (2018-08-23)
(CNA, By Chen Chun-hua and Evelyn Kao) Speaking with CNA, Premier Lai Ching-te said that Taiwan hopes to join the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP). In preparation to join the CPTPP, Taiwan is making amendments to its domestic law and is seeking support from signatories to the CPTPP. However, Lai expressed concerns that Taiwan will face obstacles in its accession to the trade pact as China will continue to obstruct Taiwan internationally. <Accessed 2018-08-24>

Over 54 Percent Think Tsai's Overseas Visits Beneficial: Poll (2018-08-23)
(CNA, By Lu Hsin-hui and William Yen) A recent survey conducted by the ruling party Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) reported that slightly more than 54 percent of the respondents considered President Tsai Ing-wen's visit to Paraguay and Belize as favorable to Taiwan's diplomatic relations with its allies. Nonetheless, more than 48 percent of the respondents were dissatisfied with Tsai's performance. <Accessed 2018-08-24>

Live-fire Exercise at Taiping Island Does Not Endanger Others: CGA (2018-08-23)
(CNA, By William Yen) Vietnam stated that Taiwan's recent live-fire drills at Taiping Island in the Spratly Island is a violation of Vietnam's sovereignty and endangers the security and safety of the region. In responding to Vietnam's concerns, the Coast Guard Administration (CGA) stated that the drills do not pose any threats to other nations' ships. <Accessed 2018-08-24>

Taiwanese Businesses Feel the Squeeze in Africa as Beijing Extends Its Reach (2018-08-24)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Taiwan’s businesses in Africa, already squeezed diplomatically and facing tough competition from their mainland counterparts, can expect to come under even more pressure as Beijing extends its reach across the continent, a Taiwanese business leader warned on Friday. Mike Hung, chairman of the Taiwan Africa Industry Development Association, said the challenges would become even tougher as Beijing did all it could to isolate the self-ruled island. <Accessed 2018-08-28>

Possible Worst-Case Scenario Assessed: Presidential Office (2018-08-24)
(CNA, By Yeh Su-ping and Flor Wang)
Spokesman of the Presidential Office, Alex Huang, said Friday that the government should consider the possibility of Taiwan being left with no diplomatic allies. This statement came after a number of Taiwan’s diplomatic allies have broken ties in favor of Beijing. <Accessed 2018-08-26>

U.S.-China Trade Battle Expected to be Protracted (2018-08-24)
 (CNA, By Chu Tze-wei and Elizabeth Hsu)
Taiwan’s Economics Minister Shen Jong-chin said Friday that amid the ongoing U.S.-China trade war, his ministry will advice Taiwanese businesses in China to return to Taiwan. He also commented on how he sees various industries and businesses in Taiwan being affected by the trade war. <Accessed 2018-08-26>

EU supports Taiwan's Role on World Stage: Representative (2018-08-25)
(CNA, By Elaine Hou and Shih Hsiu-chuan) EU Representative to Taiwan Madeleine Majorenko said that the EU firmly supports Taiwan's participation and cooperation in the international community, especially in areas where the global community could greatly benefit from Taiwan's expertise and knowledge. Majorenko further added that Taiwan and China should work towards reducing the tension that is escalating in the region. <Accessed 2018-08-26>

EU Committed to Investment Agreement With Taiwan: Representative (2018-08-25)
(CNA, By Elaine Hou and Shih Hsiu-chuan) Speaking with CNA in an interview on Friday, EU Representative to Taiwan Madeleine Majorenko stated that EU hopes to sign a bilateral investment agreement (BIA) with Taiwan. However, there is still work to be done according to the EU Representative. In order to move forward, Majorenko said that both sides need to learn more about each other, including examining potential changes to EU's environment, society, labour and the economy from an EU-Taiwan BIA. <Accessed 2018-08-26>

President Tsai Prays for National Unity at Prayer Breakfast (2018-08-25)
(CNA, By Yeh Su-ping and Ko Lin) During the annual National Prayer Breakfast, Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen prayed for the comfort and safety of all Taiwanese, Taiwan's unity, and the government's reform policies. The president stated that the reform policies are necessary for Taiwan's welfare and prosperity, as well as to uphold the values of fairness, equality, and justice. Tsai also urged the people to be united against external pressure, put aside their differences and cooperate to solve problems. <Accessed 2018-08-26>

Taiwan Will Not Seek U.N. Membership This Year: Source (2018-08-27)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh) According to a recent diplomatic source, Taiwan has decided not to submit request seeking U.N. membership during the 73rd session of the U.N. General Assembly this coming September. The anonymous source explained that after careful consideration, Taiwan decided to adopt a moderate and rational approach. However, Taiwan hopes that other nations will continue to support Taiwan's participation in the U.N. <Accessed 2018-08-28>

INTERVIEW: Foundation to Complement Efforts in Implementing New Southbound Policy (2018-08-27)
(Taipei Times, By Stacy Hsu) The chairman of the Taiwan-Asia Exchange Foundation (TAEF) Michael Hsiao said that TAEF's goal is to complement Taiwanese government's New Southbound policy by helping to promote Taiwan's soft power and public diplomacy. TAEF places special focus on culture, youth, non-governmental organizations, think tanks and regional resilience, in addition to the government's focus on education, technology, medicine, economy and agricultural techniques. <Accessed 2018-08-28>

Referendum Submissions Expected (2018-08-27)
(CNA, By William Hetherington) The Central Election Commission announced that Friday would be the last day to submit petitions or proposals in order for them to be on ballots in the local elections, which is scheduled to take place on November 24 this year. The issues being petitioned are for the banning of same-sex marriage, the rejection of a proposed power plant in New Taipei City's Rueifang District, and the proposal to use the name 'Taiwan' in the 2020 Tokyo Olympics instead of 'Chinese Taipei'. <Accessed 2018-08-28>

Guatemala Envoy Affirms Ties with Taiwan (2018-08-27)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh) Guatemala announced that its government will continue to maintain diplomatic ties with Taiwan. While most experts and former diplomats expressed concerns that Taiwan's Central America allies might switch their allegiance from Taiwan to China, an anonymous source remarked that recent meetings between Taiwan's officials and the ambassadors from Honduras and Nicaragua demonstrate that Taiwan's relations with these countries continue to be strong. <Accessed 2018-08-28>

Presidential Office Denies Report on APEC Envoy Pick (2018-08-27)
(CNA, By Lu Hsin-hui, Wang Cheng-chung and Evelyn Kao) Presidential Office spokesman Alex Huang claimed that the news stating that former Premier Lin Chuan will be replacing People First Party Chairman James Soong to lead Taiwan's delegation to the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) leaders' summit is false. Huang acknowledged Soong's efforts in drawing global attention to Taiwan's development and further added that the government has yet to arrive at an agreement on the representative who will lead Taiwan's delegation. <Accessed 2018-08-28>

Taiwan’s Growing Diplomatic Isolation (2018-08-22)
(The Diplomat, By Shin Kawashima) Many countries may find themselves isolated from the world due to their relations with Taiwan, as China refuses to hold relations with any country that holds relations with Taiwan. China has exerted greater pressure in recent months on President Tsai Ing-wen's administration and their hold over Taiwan as China has converted several countries to recognize Beijing over Taipei. However, leaving Taiwan diplomatically isolated may not be in Beijing's best interests. <Accessed 2018-08-25>

Ko Wen-je Refuses to Sign Olympic Name-Change Bid (2018-08-28)
(Taipei Times, By Lee I-chia) Speaking to reporters at a news conference, Taipei Mayor Ko Wen-je said that he will not sign the referendum that is proposing to use the name "Taiwan" for the 2020 Tokyo Olympics instead of "Chinese Taipei". While he respects the name-change campaign and freedom of expression, the Taipei mayor said that he does not like being pushed to express his political stance. Ko also said that since the issue is diplomatic in nature, it is best to seek the central government's position. <Accessed 2018-08-29>

KMT 'Heroes' to March in Taipei on Armed Forces Day (2018-08-28)
Taipei Times, By Ann Maxon) To show their opposition to Taiwan's independence, the 800 Heroes for the Republic of China Association and the Chinese National Party (KMT) have planned to march and rally in front of the Presidential Office on Armed Forces Day. The march is also to protest President Tsai Ing-wen's policies that the Association and KMT consider as going against the Constitution, while putting the future of the Republic of China and the people's well-being at risk. <Accessed 2018-08-29>

KMT Delivers Signatures for Petitions (2018-08-28)
(Taipei Times, By Stacy Hsu) The Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) successfully gathered 1.45 million signatures for three referendum proposals. The three proposals, which demonstrate the public's dissatisfaction with the ruling Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), concern Taiwan's air pollution regulations, the ban on food products from nuclear-afflicted areas in Japan, and a halt to the construction of a coal power plant in New Taipei City's Rueifang District. <Accessed 2018-08-29>

New Party Places Statue Outside Japanese Office (2018-08-28)
(Taipei Times, By Ann Maxon) In their quest to demand the Japanese government to officially apologize to the thousands of Taiwanese women who were forced into sexual slavery to serve the Japanese Imperial Army during World War II, New Party Taipei city councilor candidates placed the statue of a "comfort woman" in front of the Japan-Taiwan Exchange Association's offices. The candidates expressed hope that Taipei mayoral candidates, including politicians and fellow Taiwanese would visit the statue and pay respects to the women. <Accessed 2018-08-29>

President Proposes Taiwan-Japan Cooperation on Climate Change (2018-08-28)
(CNA, By Yeh Su-ping and Evelyn Kao) Taiwan's President Tsai Ing-wen expressed hope that Taiwan and Japan can closely cooperate to tackle the problems caused by climate change, especially since both nations face similar natural disasters due to climate change. In addition, the Presidential Office announced that both nations have signed more than 100 sister city agreements and the President has been working toward promoting exchanges between both nations' municipalities. <Accessed 2018-08-29>

First F-16Vs Expected by Year-End (2018-08-28)
(Taipei Times/CNA, By Aaron Tu and Johnathan Chin) While not authorized to provide further information on the Republic of China Air Force program, Military and Aerospace Industrial Development Corp said that the military is looking to have the upgraded Lockheed Martin F-16Vs combat-ready by next year once they passed the flight tests. Some of the capabilities that are upgraded include situational awareness, modular mission computer, multitarget engagement, and radar detection range. <Accessed 2018-08-29>
U.S.-China Relations
 How China Is Polarized by America (2018-08-22)
(The Diplomat, By Xie Tao) Chinese elites are split regarding the trade disputes that China holds with the United States -- while some believe that any compromise will be interpreted by Washington as China being weak and giving up on their own goals, others see negotiations and the efforts of the Chinese government as worthwhile because China will win in the end. Even others see Chinese retaliation as futile and see China losing the entire trade dispute. <Accessed 2018-08-25>

The Misconceptions at the Heart of the US-China Trade War (2018-08-23)
(The Diplomat, By Bonnie Girard) If this week's U.S.-China meetings are truly to "better understand each other," then both sides must acknowledge several realities about the other's history, motivations, and other factors. China must understand how important factory jobs are to everyday Americans, who are not rich, and the United States must understand that China opened itself up to foreign investments not for foreign companies' benefits, but for its own. <Accessed 2018-08-25>

How Real Is the Chinese Threat to the United States? (2018-08-24)
(The Diplomat, By Charles V. Peña) The Pentagon has reported that the Chinese military has expanded its overwater bombing operations and may be training for strike against the United States, in line with several other media reports. However, the Pentagon also acknowledges that these may not be for any purpose other than to demonstrate that China has achieved these goals; it does not necessarily mean China plans to use their abilities to attack the United States. China does not have the conventional military power to threaten the U.S. mainland. <Accessed 2018-08-25>

White House Criticizes China Over El Salvador Recognition (2018-08-24)
(New York Times, By Austin Ramzy) El Salvador’s decision to break diplomatic ties with Taiwan and establish them with China was “of grave concern,” the White House said. <RSS, Accessed 2018-08-28>

Latest US-China Trade Talks End With a Whimper (2018-08-25)
(The Diplomat, By Shannon Tiezzi) The United States and China held their latest negotiations on potentially solving the two countries' trade disputes on August 22 and 23. However, neither side has changed its position much following the talks, leading to an underwhelming conclusion. However, both sides have suggested that talks will continue. <Accessed 2018-08-25>

Why the US Trade War on China Is Doomed to Fail (2018-08-27)
(The Diplomat, By Vasilis Trigkas and Qian Feng) The latest round of U.S.-China negotiations to end the trade disputes between the two countries has ended without any successes. However, American economists and policymakers must observe and consider China's basic economic principles before making any claims on how the trade war will affect the Chinese economy. Americans must not overestimate the effects of the trade war. <Accessed 2018-08-28>

What China Can Learn From the US-Mexico Deal (2018-08-28)
(The Diplomat, By Bonnie Girard) Following a failure to reach a deal with China during negotiations in late August, the United States announced that they had reached a deal with Mexico to address its bilateral trade issues. China could take some pointers from the U.S.-Mexico negotiations that might help China in its negotiations. <Accessed 2018-08-28>

Is the Trade War Impacting US Views of China? (2018-08-28)
(The Diplomat, By Shannon Tiezzi) Since last year, U.S. views on China have become slightly less positive, but they are still overall in line with the previous few years' averages. Younger people tend to have a more favorable view of China, while elder generations have more wary views of the increasing Chinese presence. More Americans are much more worried about the economic threat China poses compared to the military threat, but the latest rhetoric from American leaders does not seem to be greatly influencing this. <Accessed 2018-08-28>

China ‘Keeping Wary Eye’ on US and EU as Trade Pressure Mounts (2018-08-28)
(South China Morning Post, By Wendy Wu) China is “keeping a wary eye” on the United States and the European Union – its two biggest trade partners – as they try to pressure Beijing to make changes, diplomatic sources and observers said. <Accessed 2018-08-28>

US Treasury Secretary Confirms what Trump Suggested: Trade Talks with China Are on the Back Burner (2018-08-29)
(South China Morning Post, By Robert Delaney) US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said on Tuesday that progress in the US-China trade talks was not likely until trade issues with Europe and America’s two closest neighbours are resolved. <Accessed 2018-08-28>
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
China Forces Out Buzzfeed Journalist (2018-08-23)
(New York Times, By Austin Ramzy and Edward Wong) Megha Rajagopalan, who had written extensively about a crackdown on Muslim minority groups, said the Chinese authorities did not explain their decision. <RSS, Accessed 2018-08-28>

China Wants More Chinese to Work in International Organizations
(The Diplomat, By Wei Liu) In mainland China, the traditional process for Chinese citizens to work for international organizations and represent China has been limited to very few people in practice and has led to China's being underrepresented in the international arena. However, some small and institutional changes are being made to bring more young Chinese job-searchers towards international organizations. These changes show that China still believes in the power and importance of international institutions. <Accessed 2018-08-25>

Foreign Companies Should Give up Their China Fantasy (2018-08-24)
(The Diplomat, By Chauncey Jung) Following the Chinese social media backlash against Taiwanese bakery 85C after Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen visited a U.S. location of the bakery, the bakery has released an official statement emphasizing its commitment to the 1992 Consensus. U.S. President Donald Trump has referred to China's censorship against foreign corporations "Orwellian nonsense," referring to the increased demands that the Chinese government has made of foreign corporations operating within China. <Accessed 2018-08-25>

Chinese Communist Party is Stepping Up Efforts to Stifle Dissent Abroad, US Officials Are Told (2018-08-25)
(South China Morning Post, By Owen Churchill) China’s ruling Communist Party is pursuing an aggressive, covert infiltration of US educational and social institutions to quell dissenting voices and strengthen its soft power overseas, according to a report written for an influential US congressional body. <Accessed 2018-08-28>

China Embarks on Belt and Road Publicity Blitz after Malaysia Says No to Debt-Heavy Infrastructure Projects (2018-08-26)
(South China Morning Post, By Sarah Zheng) Chinese state media have embarked on another publicity blitz for the country’s global infrastructure drive, this time just days after the Malaysian government halted three billion-dollar Beijing-backed projects. <Accessed 2018-08-28>

Senior Chinese General in Russia for SCO Peace Mission 2018 Counterterror Exercises (2018-08-28)
(The Diplomat, By Ankit Panda) General Li Zuocheng of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) is currently in Russia, coinciding with the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Peace Mission 2018 counterterrorism exercise. The exercise also coincides with the fifth meeting of the joint chiefs of staff of the militaries of the SCO member states. This year's exercises will be the first year to include the militaries of India and Pakistan, who joined the SCO in 2017. <Accessed 2018-08-28>

China-Built World’s Largest Amphibious Aircraft to Commence Trial Flights on Water (2018-08-28)
(The Diplomat, By Franz-Stefan Gady) The Chinese-built Kunlong (Water Dragon) AG600 seaplane will shortly begin tests in the water, now that its trial ground flights are complete. It is the world's largest amphibious aircraft and will primarily be used for maritime search and rescue missions. It could potentially also be used for long-range patrols and anti-submarine combat. <Accessed 2018-08-28>

China Aims for ‘Sustainable’ Debt with Africa as Belt and Road Initiative Comes under Fire from West (2018-08-28)
(South China Morning Post, By Catherine Wong) Beijing will adopt a more sustainable model for debt with African countries, a senior Chinese official said on Tuesday in an apparent bid to address growing criticism of the country’s global infrastructure drive. Ahead of next week’s China-Africa summit in the Chinese capital, vice-minister of commerce Qian Keming also said Beijing would work to ensure that its projects on the continent met real needs. <Accessed 2018-08-28>
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
Territorial Disputes

ASEAN Security 'Centrality' and the South China Sea
(The Diplomat, By Mark J. Valencia) The constant conflict between China and the United States regarding the South China Sea dispute reflects the fact that ASEAN does not have the political or military unification necessary to serve as a strong guiding force for Southeast Asia. However, many ASEAN leaders have not been able to accept this reality and instead cling to a sense of hope they still have in theory. Both the United States and China still acknowledge ASEAN's sense of hope, but the conflict now is very much between the two larger powers. <Accessed 2018-08-25>

The Korean Peninsula

News Analysis: Is China Undermining Efforts to Disarm North Korea? Not Yet, Analysts Say (2018-08-25)
(New York Times, By Jane Perlez) China is mostly abiding by the sanctions meant to pressure the North, one expert said. But he added, “It depends on how the United States trade war goes.” <RSS, Accessed 2018-08-28>

Trump’s Cancellation of Pompeo Trip Dashes Hopes in South Korea (2018-08-25)
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-Hun) Many had hoped that the American secretary of state’s planned visit to North Korea would help the South’s leader, Moon Jae-in, to advance his inter-Korean agenda. <RSS, Accessed 2018-08-28>

Pentagon May Restart Major War Games Amid Rising Tensions With North Korea (2018-08-28)
(New York Times, By Helene Cooper, Thomas Gibbons-Neff, and Edward Wong) The statement by Defense Secretary Jim Mattis was yet another sign that the diplomatic thaw between Washington and Pyongyang is coming to an end. <RSS, Accessed 2018-08-28>

Contact: James Lee, Senior Editor 

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TSR received a favorable review by the Foreign Affairs (July/Aug 2000)
The Best of Asia-Pacific Web Award
TSR was honored with a Four-Star rating by the Asian Studies WWW Virtual Library. 

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