::: TSR Weekly Report
2018-04-03 | NO.41(65) epaper |
Note to Readers
TSR is pleased to announce newly published books about Taiwan and East Asia on its website and in its weekly newsletter. If you're a scholar or your book is coming out from an academic press, please send the title of your book and a link to the publisher's web site to TSR's Senior Editor, James Lee (JL18@princeton.edu).
Cross-Strait Relations
Retired Chinese General: China Could Conquer Taiwan in 3 Days (2018-03-29)
(National Interest, Asia Times) Retired Lieutenant-General Wang Hongguang said the People's Liberation Army (PLA) could spontaneously wage six types of offensives in as little as 72 hours. These six offensives are artillery bombardment, targeted assaults, coordinated airborne and landing strikes, cyberattacks, special operations, and psychological warfare. Wang made these remarks to the nationalist Chinese tabloid Global Times. <Accessed 2018-04-03>

Director Unfazed by Chinese Ban
(Taipei Times, By Hsu Shih-ying, Lin Mei-hsueh and Sherry Hsiao) Film director Lin Cheng-sheng said that his goal is to make films that may be seen around the world. He spoke in response to an allegation that China had banned his work in the country due to one of his movie leads reportedly supporting Taiwanese independence. He said that he did not wish to continue protesting repeatedly through art and people, but he said that it should be the government who helps conduct expression through art by facilitating its dispersal. <Accessed 2018-04-03>

China Targeting Students Using Stipends: Source (2018-04-03)
(Taipei Times, By Rachel Lin, Jennifer Huang, Su Meng-chuan and William Hetherington) A source has claimed that China is relaxing entry requirements for Taiwanese high school graduates to attend university in Mainland China and is also offering scholarships and stipends to greater incentivize coming to China. The number of Taiwanese students moving to China for education has roughly doubled since 2011 according to said source. The motivation behind doing so is that China wishes to poach Taiwan's most talented students. <Accessed 2018-04-03>
U.S.-Taiwan Relations
PacNet #25 - On Strengthening US-Taiwan Relations (2018-03-28)
(CSIS, By David G. Brown) It is China’s standard practice to accuse the US of being the one responsible for creating problems in US-China relations. In fact, to a large extent recent congressional support for strengthening US-Taiwan relations is a reaction to Beijing’s pressure on Taiwan and its more assertive actions in East Asia generally. <Accessed 2018-04-02>

Legislative Yuan Honors US Lawmaker (2018-03-28)
(Taipei Times, By Stacy Hsu) U.S. Representative Ed Royce became the first U.S. lawmaker to receive an honorary medal for diplomacy from the Legislative Yuan for his dedication to promoting bilateral ties. Royce is the chairman of the U.S. House Committee on Foreign Affairs and was a main proponent of the recently enacted Taiwan Travel Act. <Accessed 2018-04-03> 

The Recent US Pro-Taiwan Policy Shift: How Serious? (2018-03-29)
(IPP Review, By John F. Copper) President Trump has seemingly undergone a change of heart and mind about Taiwan and China. Is this really the case? There are reasons to think otherwise and to see the evidence cited for a US shift to a pro-Taiwan foreign policy as less worrying than it first appears and probably not deep or permanent. <Accessed 2018-03-29>

US Cites Taiwan's Pork, Beef Imports As Trade Barriers (2018-03-31)
(CNA, By Rita Cheng and Frances Huang) The Office of the United States Trade Representative in Taiwan stated that Taiwan's restrictions on American pork and beef imports was one of the trade barriers between the two countries. The Office said that it will continue to urge Taiwan to lift the restrictions in light of better US standards, changes in production, and World Health Organization standards. A representative from Taiwan has stated that food safety remains the top priority, but they are willing to discuss changes in economic policies. <Accessed 2018-04-03>

US Secretaries of State, Defense Unlikely to Visit Taiwan: Expert (2018-04-03)
(CNA, By Rita Cheng and Evelyn Kao) Bonnie Glaser, director of the China Power Project at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, said that when the US sends a delegation to open the new American Institute in Taiwan building, they probably will not include the Secretary of State or the Secretary of Defense in the delegation. The Taiwan Travel Act allows for high-level exchanges, and this delegation will probably serve as the first example of it being utilized. While the delegation may include a Cabinet-level official, the likelihood of it being someone as high-ranking as the Secretary of State is very low. <Accessed 2018-04-03>
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
 Taiwan Condemns Poisoning Attack of Former Russian Intelligence Agent (2018-03-31)
(CNA, By Elaine Hou and Ko Lin) The Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a statement strongly condemning the poison attack on a former Russian intelligence agent in the UK. The Ministry noted that the incident violates both British sovereignty and international laws, saying that Taiwan firmly believes in the rule of law and stands against the manufacture and use of chemical weapons. <Accessed 2018-04-03>

Taiwan a Good "Testbed" For Startups: French Expert (2018-03-31)
(CNA, By Christie Chen) Laurent Le Guyader, coordinator of French Tech Taiwan, said that Taiwan's market conditions, demand for certain types of technology, and other beneficial policies make it a good testing ground for startup companies. He said that France and Taiwan would both benefit greatly from cooperation, but he cited a large difficulty as being convincing Taiwanese to turn to Europe over the US and Japan for a market. <Accessed 2018-04-03>

Taiwan Replaces Singapore as World's 3rd Largest IC Exporter: MOF (2018-03-31)
(CNA, By Chiu Po-sheng and Frances Huang) The Ministry of Finance announced that Taiwan had become the world's third largest integrated circuit exporter, replacing Singapore. They said that the increase in exports reflected the growing global demand for mobile devices and other electronic devices. China is the world's largest importer of ICs. <Accessed 2018-04-03>

DPP Vows to Handle China Youth Corps (2018-03-31)
(Taipei Times, By Stacy Hsu) The DPP said that they will handle the China Youth Corps, referring to it as a "colossal parasite" that should be subject to greater public scrutiny. The Corps were initially established by the KMT to provide military training for young men before officially joining the military forces. Legislator Lee Chun-yi said that the Corps had strayed from its original goal and now solely exists to generate profit for various related organizations. <Accessed 2018-04-03>

Taiwan to Seek Exemption from Turkey Tariff Hikes: Trade Bureau (2018-04-01)
(CNA, By Chiu Po-sheng and Shih Hsiu-chuan) The Bureau of Foreign Trade said that they would be formally requesting for Taiwan to be exempt from the new tariff hikes established by the Turkish government. A representative from the Bureau said that the tariff increases would hurt Taiwanese manufacturing exports to Turkey as Taiwan and Turkey do not have free trade rights, and the tariff increase would create unfair competition. <Accessed 2018-04-03>

Macedonia Extends Visa Exemption Privilege for Taiwan (2018-04-01)
(CNA, By Ku Chuan and Elizabeth Hsu) The Republic of Macedonia announced that they would extend the visa exemption program currently in place for Taiwanese passport holders for another year. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs has also said that they are currently negotiating the introduction of a reciprocal program for Macedonian citizens. <Accessed 2018-04-03>

Tsai Denies Confirming Renewed Support for Ko (2018-04-01)
(Taipei Times, By Su Fang-ho) President Tsai Ing-wen has denied reports that she has struck a deal with Taipei Mayor Ko Wen-je to renew the Democratic Progressive Party's (DPP) endorsement of him for the Taipei mayoral election on November 24. <Accessed 2018-04-03>

Recruiting Woes Worry DPP and KMT Lawmakers (2018-04-02)
(Taipei Times, By Aaron Tu and Jonathan Chin) The Ministry of National Defense (MND) is concerned with how recruiting struggles may negatively affect the armed forces' image. They are currently 17,000 enlistments short of their goal, which they aim to complete by the end of the calendar year. <Accessed 2018-04-03>

Lawmakers Fear for President's Safety Following Incidents
(Taipei Times, By Lu Yi-hsuan and Jake Chung) Following several incidents regarding security over the past year, several lawmakers have demanded that the National Security Bureau report on planned improvements to policies regarding presidential security. The Deputy Bureau Director said that an internal review was underway, although he would not comment more on the issue. <Accessed 2018-04-03>

PLA, Military Balance and Arms Sales
China’s First Home-Grown Aircraft Carrier Set to Carry Out Maiden Sea Trial (2018-04-02)
(South China Morning Post, By Minnie Chan) China’s first home-built aircraft carrier, the Type 001A, will embark on her maiden sea voyage in the northeastern Bohai Sea later this month, sources close to the military said. “Beijing will arrange a celebration for the first sea trial because the Type 001A was the first aircraft carrier fully designed and produced by Chinese shipbuilders,” one of the sources told the South China Morning Post, adding the maiden trial was likely to be carried out just before the 69th anniversary of the founding of the PLA Navy on April 23. <Accessed 2018-04-02>
U.S.-China Relations
How the Taiwan Travel Act Could Start a U.S.-China War (2018-03-29)
(National Interest, By Paul Smith) The pattern for the last seventy years has been for China to apply military pressure against Taiwan and for the United States to push back on the pressure. The end result is both sides backing down. However, there are growing indications that such a pattern is no longer sustainable due to China's rising military capabilities. The recently passed Taiwan Travel Act may have elevated the risk on a military scenario as a result. <Accessed 2018-04-03>

Weaponizing Commerce: Trump, China, and CFIUS
(The Diplomat, By Guido Alberto Casanova) While US President Donald Trump's newly introduced tariffs on imports into the US in an effort to make US goods more competitive against Chinese goods captures headlines, relatively quiet is the discussion about Trump's actions against Chinese investment in the US industrial sector. The Committee on Foreign Investment of the United States has been working with the President and can stop foreign investments if deemed harmful to US interests. The combination of both aspects of attacking trade between the two countries will lead to detrimental effects on both sides if not addressed properly. <Accessed 2018-04-03>

Stopping China's Intellectual Property Theft: What Trump Can Learn From His Predecessors (2018-03-30)
(The Diplomat, By Robert Farley) A big push towards tariffs on Chinese imports for President Donald Trump was repeated concerns on Chinese intellectual property theft. While President Obama had an agreement in place to attempt to curb it and worked within the WTO to respond, President Trump has taken a much more hardened stance against China in this field. <Accessed 2018-04-03>

What Does a ‘Free and Open Indo-Pacific’ Actually Mean? (2018-03-30)
(The Diplomat, By Mark J. Valencia) The new US policy regarding Asia is often referred to by Washington as "A Free and Open Indo-Pacific." A potential reason for this phrasing and the reform of US policy towards the region may be due to an increasingly powerful China that threatens to topple the US as the greatest global power. The concept is still coming along, but there is work to be done -- it is by no means a complete plan and still faces numerous challenges. <Accessed 2018-04-03>

When America Stands up to China (2018-04-02)
(The Diplomat, By Xie Tao) President Donald Trump may have taken an extremely hardened stance on China while on the campaign trail, but several of his actions in the White House have not shown the same level of vigor, including welcoming President Xi Jinping with open arms to Mar-a-Lago in April. However, that idea has changed with the new tariffs instituted against Chinese imports. Washington should not be waging wars of full ideological purposes, especially not with a power that is as deeply convinced of its philosophies as China, without preparing for serious consequences. <Accessed 2018-04-03>

China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
China's Domestic Politics

Can China's Great Show of Unity Last?
(The Diplomat, By Kerry Brown) The upcoming 100-year anniversary of the CCP looms over various events marking milestones for the CCP. The Party has shown a large display of unity over the last few years and have emphasized national pride and patriotism. However, the country's future was not discussed at length during the National People's Congress and remains unknown. <Accessed 2018-04-03>

China's Foreign Relations

China and Russia’s Uneasy Partnership in Central Asia (2018-03-29)
(East Asia Forum, By Paul Stronski) The Russia–China partnership in Central Asia remains generally stable for now. China’s deft diplomacy towards Russia — along with both states’ desires to keep the West out of their common backyard — has kept tensions behind closed doors. But with China now recognising it may need to strengthen its security posture in the region, it is unclear how long this stability will last. <Accessed 2018-04-03>

Vatican Rules Out ‘Imminent’ China Deal on Appointing Bishops (2018-03-30)
(Agence France-Presse) A historic deal between China and the Vatican on the appointment of bishops is not “imminent,” a Vatican spokesman said on Thursday, but dialogue between the two sides continues. “I can state that there is no imminent signature of an agreement between the Holy See and the People’s Republic of China,” said Vatican spokesman Greg Burke, contradicting an optimistic statement from a Chinese government-approved bishop. <Accessed 2018-03-30>

Is China Headed for a Diplomatic Crisis of Its Own Making? (2018-04-01)
(South China Morning Post, By Shi Jiangtao) With China becoming increasingly assertive on a range of global issues, its diplomatic service is expanding at a dazzling speed. However, the average age of China’s more than 5,200 diplomats stands at around 38, with nearly half of them below 35, mostly entry-level or inexperienced diplomats and youth hires, according to state media reports. <Accessed 2018-04-02>

A Deepening Dictatorship Promises a Grim Future for China (2018-04-02)
(East Asia Forum, By Kevin Carrico) Yet the only silver lining on the hardening of dictatorship is that more people may come to realise that there is no silver lining on this system. It is, and will remain, an arbitrary and unaccountable dictatorship that will one day inevitably face the fate of its predecessors. <Accessed 2018-04-03>
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
Territorial Disputes

China’s 40-Vessel Drill to Boost War Capabilities ‘Posed No Threat’ in Disputed South China Sea
(South China Morning Post, By Catherine Wong) The Chinese military aimed to enhance its “war-fighting capabilities” without departing from a policy of peaceful development with its recent large-scale naval drills in the contested South China Sea, a spokesman for China’s defence ministry said. Ministry spokesman Ren Guoqiang, asked to comment about the military’s deployment of an aircraft carrier and dozens of warships in the region, told reporters on Thursday that the “routine” exercises were in line with China’s “defensive” military policy and that its South China Sea activities posed no threat to other countries. <Accessed 2018-03-30>

Could a China-Philippine Joint Development Deal Be the Way Forward in the South China Sea? (2018-04-01)
(South China Morning Post, By Richard Heydarian) In a remarkable reflection of the blossoming Philippine-China relationship, the two neighbours have signalled their commitment to sharing contested resources in the South China Sea. Both are determined to ensure common interests, rather than disputes, define the overall texture of their relationship. During his recent visit to Beijing, Philippine Foreign Secretary Alan Peter Cayetano raised the prospect of a joint development agreement (JDA) with China. <Accessed 2018-04-02>

Beijing and Hanoi Promise to Keep Peace in South China Sea, where Vietnam Has Emerged as Most Vocal Claimant (2018-04-01)
(Agence France-Presse) China and Vietnam vowed on Sunday to keep the peace in the South China Sea, the resource-rich waterway that has long been a source of tension between Hanoi and its powerhouse communist neighbour. China claims most of the disputed sea, which is believed to be rich in oil and gas reserves and is highly strategic for trade and defence. <Accessed 2018-04-02>

The Korean Peninsula

China Envoy Tells Moon All Sides Must Advance Talks on Korean Peninsula (2018-03-30)
(Reuters) Senior Chinese diplomat Yang Jiechi told South Korean President Moon Jae-in on Friday that all parties must seize the moment to advance talks between leaders of North and South Korea, and between North Korea and the United States. <Accessed 2018-03-30>

Taiwan Freezes Assets of Man Accused of Breaking North Korea Sanctions (2018-03-31)
(CNA, By Hsiao Po-wen and Ko Lin) The Ministry of Justice said that they had frozen the assets of a man accused of assisting the North Korean regime avoid international trading bans. They said that they wished to show the United Nations Security Council the government's resolve in upholding the sanctions. <Accessed 2018-04-03>

What Trump's Team Need to Know About the Kim-Xi Meeting in Beijing (2018-03-29)
(The Diplomat, By Ankit Panda) Before Donald Trump's meeting with Kim Jong-un in May, Trump's team must take note of the fact that despite changes in leadership, China and North Korea take their relationship seriously and are still close. Xi Jinping's primary goal is to restore a strong level of influence in North Korea, one that was lost several years ago during Kim Jong-un's transition into power. Trump would do well to remember that North Korean goals and Chinese goals are not terribly different from one another. <Accessed 2018-04-03>

North Korea Summit Diplomacy Should Lead to 4 Party Talks (2018-03-30)
(The Diplomat, By Gi-Wook Shin and Joyce Lee) The meeting between Xi Jinping and Kim Jong-un should not come as a surprise, especially following South Korean President Moon Jae-in's proposal for a summit involving the two Koreas and the United States. China and North Korea have been partners since the 1950s and remain close partners today. Kim would not make any drastic moves without first consulting China. Trump must realize that he must also work with China if he wants to make any real progress in de-escalating the Korean Peninsula. <Accessed 2018-04-03>

Xi Jinping Takes Center Stage Ahead of Korean Peninsula Denuclearization Diplomacy (2018-04-01)
(The Diplomat, By Ankit Panda) The main purpose of Xi Jinping's and Kim Jong-un's meting in Beijing was to demonstrate to the world that China is and should be a central player in the Korean Peninsula issue and that the two countries have been longtime friends. While South Korea attempted to take the place as the big intermediary between Pyongyang and Washington during the Winter Olympics, Xi Jinping took center stage through this meeting. <Accessed 2018-04-03>

Third Inter-Korean Summit Could Change the Region (2018-04-03)
(East Asia Forum, By Stephen Costello) In the short term, the summits may enable the United States to recover the three Americans held hostage in North Korea, arrange a freeze in Kim’s nuclear program, and cut off a range of humanitarian and illicit activities. In the longer term, the region is beginning an evolution towards greater political engagement, less security risk, and infrastructure development. It is now up to South Korea to choreograph this two-step dance, keeping the United States happy but not in the way, in a very short matter of months. <Accessed 2018-04-03>

Contact: James Lee, Senior Editor 

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