::: TSR Weekly Report
2017-12-18 | NO.41(50) epaper |
Note to Readers
TSR is pleased to announce newly published books about Taiwan and East Asia on its website and in its weekly newsletter. If you're a scholar or your book is coming out from an academic press, please send the title of your book and a link to the publisher's web site to TSR's Senior Editor, James Lee (JL18@princeton.edu).

New Publication "Understanding President Trump's Taiwan Policy" by John F. Copper (American Journal of Chinese Studies)
Cross-Strait Relations
Don’t Look for Foreign Support for Island’s Cause, Beijing Warns Taipei (2017-12-13)
(Reuters) Taipei will fail in its efforts to get foreign support for its cause, Beijing said on Wednesday after a senior Chinese diplomat threatened Taiwan would be attacked the instant any US warship visited the self-ruled island.

Taiwan Denounces Chinese Air Force Patrols Encircling the Island
(Reuters) Taiwan is confident of its defences and responded quickly to Chinese air force “island encirclement” drills this week, the self-ruled island’s government said, denouncing the rise in the mainland’s military deployments as irresponsible.

Beijing Protests over Potential US Warship Visits to Taiwan (2017-12-14)
(Agence France-Presse) Beijing said on Thursday that it lodged an official protest with Washington after US President Donald Trump signed a defence budget that opens the possibility for US warships to visit self-ruled Taiwan. Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Lu Kang said the legislation, while non-binding, violated the one-China policy and “constitutes an interference in China’s domestic affairs”.

Spy Said He Confessed Under Intimidation (2017-12-15)
(Taipei Times, By Jonathan Chin) Zhou Hongxu, who was found guilty of violating the National Security Act by attempting to establish an organization on behalf of China, stated that Taiwan was in desperate need of judicial reform as he began his second trial. He says that he was coerced into confessing through fear tactics and intimidation. Zhou was initially a student in Taiwan.

MAC Protests Hong Kong Denial of Academics' Visa Applications (2017-12-16)
(CNA) Taiwan's Mainland Affairs Council (MAC) protested Hong Kong's decision to deny Taiwanese researchers' from Academia Sinica visas to visit the territory. MAC encouraged Hong Kong to maintain a tolerant attitude so as to not hurt the development of bilateral ties.

Council Slams Spain over Deportation (2017-12-17)
(Taipei Times, By Stacy Hsu) A Spanish court ordered the deportation of 121 fraud suspects to China, some of whom are of Taiwanese descent, at the request of China's government. The Mainland Affairs Council heavily criticized the decision in a news report yesterday, asking China to stop suppressing Taiwan in the international arena. The court cited the "one China" principle as its basis for sending the suspects to China, claiming that Taiwan could not declare independence unilaterally and considering Taiwan to be a part of China.

Increased Military Drills Suggest Mainland China is Preparing to Strike against Taiwan, Experts Say (2017-12-18)
(South China Morning Post, By Minnie Chan) The recent increase in military exercises focused on Taiwan suggests mainland China is gearing up to take over the self-ruled island by force, a military expert said on Monday. On Sunday, the People’s Liberation Army released a video of an H-6K bomber accompanied by two Su-30 fighter jets conducting “encirclement” patrols close to the island. The film’s publication came less than a week after the mainland’s air force released footage of a team of warplanes conducting similar exercises near to Taiwan.
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
 US Signing of NDAA Bill Positive for Taiwan: Ex-US Official (2017-12-13)
(CNA) Former White House Chief of Staff Reince Priebus stated that he believed the US's signing of the National Defense Authorization Act was a positive step and demonstrated the US's support for Taiwan. The bill includes a provision that would allow the US and Taiwanese navies to call at each others' ports. However, the bill greatly angered mainland China, which said that a US ship docking at a Taiwanese port would trigger a response from the PLA.

Taiwan Will Not Recognize Jerusalem as Israel's Capital: Official (2017-12-13)
(CNA) A Ministry of Foreign Affairs official announced that Taiwan had no plans to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. They also had no plans to move their representative office in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. The statements comes following US President Donald Trump's decision to formally recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital.

Trump Unlikely to Authorize US-Taiwan Navy Port Calls: Scholars (2017-12-13)
(CNA) Several scholars have stated that President Donald Trump will not allow visits to ports between the Taiwanese navy and the US Navy, despite the fact that he signed into law a bill that would allow such exchanges. The bill included provisions to better facilitate defense agreements with Taiwan, including inviting Taiwan to participate in military exercises. Former AIT Director Richard Bush stated that the bill does not legally bind President Trump to carrying out the provisions, however.

Taiwan Supports US Indo-Pacific Strategy and Japan-Led CPTPP (2017-12-13)
(CNA) Vice President Chen Chien-jen said that Taiwan looks forward to working with the US on their new regional strategy and Japan on its new economic initiative designed to replace the TPP. He further explained that the DPP was committed to furthering its involvement in regional agreements and institutions and to better integrate Taiwan into the international community. He did, however, touch on his concerns regarding regional security.

Interest in US' Global Entry Soars (2017-12-13)
(Taipei Times, By Stacy Hsu) The American Institute in Taiwan announced that a group of consular officers would be coming to Taiwan to interview potential applicants for the Global Entry program. The program allows expedited access through US customs for travelers entering the US. Taiwan was included in the list of approved countries for the program starting last month.

Priebus to Attend Security Dialogue Starting Today (2017-12-13)
(Taipei Times, By Stacy Hsu) Former US White House Chief of Staff Reince Priebus will be in Taiwan for the annual Taiwan-US-Japan trilateral security dialogue. Priebus is known to be well-versed in Taiwanese affairs and has led two delegations to Taiwan. The event will focus on strategic interests in the Asia-Pacific region and collaboration on cybersecurity efforts.

Cabinet Asks China to Curb Pollution as Air Quality Worsens (2017-12-13)
(Taipei Times, By Chen Wei-han) Due to the pollutants from mainland China crossing the Taiwan Strait leading to a decrease in air quality for Taiwan throughout the winter, the Cabinet has asked China to control its air pollution. A spokesperson asked China to work with Taiwan to combat air pollution in both countries through collaborative efforts.

Ma Urges New Push For 'Comfort Women' Apology (2017-12-14)
(Taipei Times, By Jake Chung) Former President Ma Ying-jeou said the government should increase pressure on Japan to offer compensation and apologies to Taiwanese "comfort women." Ma said this on the 80th anniversary of the Nanjing Massacre, where 30,000 civilians were killed.

Now Is Time to Strengthen Taiwan-France Cooperation (2017-12-14)
(CNA) President Tsai Ing-wen said that now is the optimal time for Taiwan and France to further strengthen industrial investment and technology exchange and cooperation because France is currently promoting its own "Industry of the Future" while Taiwan is focused on its "5+2 Industrial Innovation Plan." Both countries are focused on technological cooperation, and Taiwan invests more manpower and resources in this area with France than with most other countries.

Taiwan Will Respect U.S. Decision on Port Calls: Foreign Minister (2017-12-14)
(CNA) Foreign Minister David Lee said during a legislative hearing on Thursday that his ministry is grateful for the U.S. Congress for passing legislation that would allow for port calls between the U.S. Navy and the Taiwan Navy.

U.S. Reaffirms Commitment to Freedom of Navigation, Overflight (2017-12-14)
(CNA) United States National Security Advisor H.R. McMaster reaffirmed the United States' commitment to freedom of navigation and freedom of overflight, claiming that China would benefit the most from these freedoms. McMaster said the "free and open Indo-Pacific region" is aimed at strengthening cooperation with countries in the region and will soon be released by the administration.

MOFA Thanks US, EU Legislatures for Supportive Stance (2017-12-15)
(CNA) Minister of Foreign Affairs David Lee thanked the US Congress for supporting a bill that would allow for calls between the US and Taiwanese navies at each others' ports. Although that specific proposal is still hypothetical, calls for increased defense collaboration have been made, but Lee stated that he would respect the US government's decision whether or not to put the proposal into practice. MOFA also thanked the EU Parliament for a statement of support for Taiwan's participation in international organizations.

Taiwan, Japan to Hold Dialogue on Maritime Affairs in Taipei (2017-12-15)
(CNA) The Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced that Taiwan and Japan would hold a bilateral dialogue on maritime affairs next week in Taipei. Issues to be discussed include maritime resources, research, and emergencies and the cooperation necessary for all three fields.

Almost 70 Industrial Accords Signed Under New Southbound Policy (2017-12-15)
(CNA) The Chinese National Federation of Industries announced that almost 70 agreements for industrial cooperation have been signed between Taiwanese firms and foreign firms in countries targeted by the New Southbound Agreement. The Agreement, a key pillar in President Tsai Ing-wen's agenda, is meant to forge closer ties with several countries in South and Southeast Asia, an end goal being to reduce Taiwan's economic dependence on China.

Taiwan Condemns Spanish Court Ruling Sending Taiwanese to China (2017-12-16)
(CNA) Spain's National Court decided to send 121 Chinese and Taiwanese suspects in a telecom fraud case to China, a decision the Mainland Affairs Council (MAC) criticized. In a statement, MAC said this is a ploy by China to suppress Taiwan on the international stage, and reiterated that China should return the Taiwan nationals to Taiwan as soon as possible.

Taiwan, Solomon Islands Sign MOU on Native Cultures (2017-12-17)
(Taipei Times, By Lin Chia-nan) The Foundation of Ocean Taiwan and the Vaka Taumako Project of the Solomon Islands signed a memorandum of understanding to promote each country's indigenous cultures yesterday. The chief executive of the Foundation, Liu Chiung-hsi, stated that the government should look to revitalize the indigenous population of Taiwan as part of the New Southbound Policy.

President Calls for Taiwan-EU Cooperation on Renewable Energy (2017-12-19)
(CNA) With the goal of more environmentally friendly energy solutions in Taiwan, President Tsai Ing-wen has called for greater cooperation between Taiwanese and European green energy industries. She said this to a visiting European delegation currently in Taiwan. The EU is currently Taiwan's largest source of foreign direct investment and President Tsai looks forward to boosting economic cooperation between the two sides.

Taiwan, Japan Maritime Affairs Dialogue Kicks Off in Taipei (2017-12-19)
(CNA) As announced last week, a delegation from Taiwan and Japan have begun discussions on marine resource cooperation, security, and research in Taipei. However, the biggest and most contentious issue will be the right of Taiwanese fishermen to fish near the Okinotori Atoll. This is the second maritime dialogue to be held since the proposal of the mechanism.

Taiwan Received Prior Briefing on US National Security Strategy (2017-12-19)
(CNA) The Presidential Office thanked the United States for its prior briefing on the details of the new US security strategy. A component of the new strategy was to reaffirm the US commitment to the Taiwan Relations Act. Taiwan wishes to expand its cooperation with the United States to focus on regional peace, security, and stability.

US Reaffirms Taiwan Relations Act in National Security Strategy (2017-12-19)
(CNA) US President Donald Trump unveiled his new security strategy on Monday, and he reaffirmed the US commitment to the Taiwan Relations Act in his briefing. The report further states that China is seen to be looking to replace the United States in the Indo-Pacific and is endangering free trade and sovereignty objectives. American experts say that American policy has not changed in regards to Taiwan.

Taiwan-South Korea Tourism Reaches New Milestone: Tourism Bureau (2017-12-19)
(CNA) Taiwan received its 1 millionth tourist from South Korea on Monday according to the Tourism Bureau, reaching a new milestone. They suggested that a new marketing campaign for Taiwanese tourism in South Korea by competing with the local entertainment industry had been successful.

PLA, Military Balance and Arms Sales
 China's Americanized Military (2017-12-13)
(The Diplomat, By Don Tse) President Xi Jinping has ordered massive military reformations, and if they are carried out, the PLA will very closely resemble the structure of the US military. While the PLA still will not be able to win in a conventional war against the US military due to a technological gap, they may stand a chance with future technologies and unconventional warfare tactics.

China Flies Long-Range Bombers Near Japan and Taiwan (2017-12-13)
(The Diplomat, By Franz-Stefan Gady) China's People's Liberation Army Air Force flew several jets near several strategically significant locations, coming close to Japanese and Taiwanese airspace. Both Japan and Taiwan scrambled their own jets in the region in response to the Chinese movement. A PLAAF spokesperson defended the actions as "legal and reasonable," these movements coming shortly after regular Chinese air force drills.

Making Sense of the Chinese People's Liberation Army's New Tracks at Doklam (2017-12-14)
(The Diplomat, By Ankit Panda) Several new satellite images show that the PLA has managed to expand several roads in the Doklam region, where China and India had a military standoff over a dispute earlier this summer. However, these road extensions are not the same as the potential road system that triggered the standoff over the summer. The new tracks provide a foundation for a longer stay for the PLA in the region, but it is impossible to predict exactly how long they would stay.

Nation Should Seek F-35s and KC-130 Tankers, Experts Say (2017-12-16)
(Taipei Times, By Aaron Tu and Jake Chung) Experts say Taiwan should aim to acquire F-35 jets to achieve superiority in the Taiwan Strait. U.S. experts also recommend that the U.S. sell KC-130 tankers to Taiwan to help extend the flight time of these fighter jets. Taiwan abstained from commenting on this suggesting, but a military expert did say that tankers are relatively fragile, so Taiwan should not invest in them until air superiority is achieved

Chinese Military Reconnaissance and Tactical Aircraft Circle Taiwan (2017-12-17)
(CNA) The Ministry of National Defense reported that several PLA aircraft flew through the Bashi Channel and the MIyako Strait on Sunday. The Ministry reassured the Taiwanese public that the island was safe, but they dispatched several aircraft and ships to monitor the activities of the PLA aircraft.

Taiwan Able to Respond as Chinese Military Activity Rises (2017-12-19)
(CNA) The Ministry of National Defense announced that Taiwan was willing to scramble its military jets armed with missiles if necessary under threat of Chinese military activity. Recent Chinese military drills have seen aircraft flying over the first chain of islands bordering the Western Pacific, causing alarm for Taiwan.

What’s With the ‘Revival’ of the China-Philippines Military Dialogue? (2017-12-19)
(The Diplomat, By Prashanth Parameswaran) Despite sour ties over recent years, China and the Philippines resumed a security consultation to focus on regional stability and security. The two countries have distanced themselves from each other due to several issues, namely the South China Sea, but Filipino President Rodrigo Duterte has made re-establishing relations with China a goal of his foreign policy. The resumption of this consultation suggests progress towards this goal.

Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
Territorial Disputes

China Builds Up Troop Numbers Close to Indian Border Flashpoint as Soldiers Prepare for First Winter Near Doklam (2017-12-14)
(South China Morning Post, By Kristin Huang) China has started building up its military forces near the Doklam plateau – the site of a protracted stand-off early this year, Indian media has reported. Analysts suggested the development would allow China to tighten its control of its borders and prepare for any future problems in the region.

China Unveils Satellite Network Plan for Round-The-Clock Lock on South China Sea (2017-12-15)
(South China Morning Post, By Kristin Huang) China plans to send up 10 more satellites from the southern island of Hainan over the next three years to plug surveillance gaps over the South China Sea, a move observers say is meant to consolidate Beijing’s control of the contested waters. When completed, the satellite network would be able to monitor the South China Sea around the clock and analyse every object in the waters in detail, including the structure of vessels, Hainan Daily quoted Li Xiaoming, from the Sanya Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, as saying.

The Korean Peninsula

China, Russia Send Message to North Korea with Anti-missile Drills in Beijing
(South China Morning Post, By Kristin Huang) China and Russia have begun a computer-simulated anti-missile exercise in Beijing as the two nations step up preparations against the North Korea nuclear threat. The six-day joint air force drills are also aimed at countering US alliances developing in East Asia in response to rising tensions on the Korean peninsula, analysts said.

South Korea’s Leader, Meeting Xi Jinping, Seeks ‘New Start’ With China (2017-12-14)
(New York Times, By Jane Perlez) President Moon Jae-in of South Korea was working to end an unofficial trade war over his country’s antimissile system.

Chinese Navy Starts Live-Fire Drill off North Korean Waters as Tensions over Nuclear Programme Escalate (2017-12-14)
(South China Morning Post, By Liu Zhen) China is conducting a live-fire exercise off the North Korean peninsula as concerns over the security situation on the peninsula rise. The drill in the Bohai Sea was due to start on Thursday afternoon and will last until 4pm next Monday, according to a notice issued by the Liaoning Maritime Safety Administration.

Tillerson, in Apparent U-Turn, Says North Korea Must ‘Earn’ Its Way to Talks (2017-12-15)
(New York Times, By Somini Sengupta) Three days after striking a conciliatory tone, Secretary of State Rex W. Tillerson said the North must stop nuclear threats before any possible talks.

Beijing Plays Down South Korea’s Claims Chinese Warplanes Breached its Air Defence Zone (2017-12-18)
(South China Morning Post, By Kristin Huang) Seoul on Monday accused Beijing of infringing its air defence identification zone after China’s air force conducted a long-range exercise into the Sea of Japan. South Korea’s Joint Chiefs of Staff said five Chinese military aircraft were detected entering its air defence identification zone from southwest of Ieo Island – known as Suyan Islet in China – about 10am on Monday and leaving at 2pm. Seoul described the move as an infringement and scrambled F-15K and KF-16 fighters to monitor the situation.

US Navy Planning to Boost Presence in Western Pacific over North Korean Nuclear Crisis (2017-12-19)
(South China Morning Post, By Minnie Chan) The United States is planning to increase its military presence in the western Pacific to cope with increased threats in the region, the navy’s most senior commander announced on Tuesday.
U.S.-China Relations
Google, Looking to Tiptoe Back Into China, Announces A.I. Center (2017-12-13)
(New York Times, By Carlos Tejada) The move also nods to the country’s growing strengths in artificial intelligence, and is the latest A.I. effort set up by a Western tech company in the country.

Trump Plans Shift to U.S. Security Strategy (2017-12-18)
(Wall Street Journal, By Michael R. Gordon) The new strategy, with an emphasis on confronting unfair trade practices and precluding rivals from stealing American technology, holds potentially far-reaching implications for relations with China, which is described as a “revisionist power” that is seeking to undermine U.S. security and prosperity.

Trump’s New National-Security Policy: Paper Tiger or Hidden Dragon? (2017-12-19)
(Wall Street Journal, By Andrew Browne) To have any hope of success, Mr. Trump will have to construct a new coalition. But in his first year in office he has walked away from global leadership on everything from trade to climate change. His “America First” rhetoric bombs in Asia, which has benefited more than any other part of the world from globalization.

Donald Trump’s National Strategy Targets China, Russia ‘Attempting to Erode American Security and Prosperity’ (2017-12-19)
(South China Morning Post, By Zhenhua Lu) US President Donald Trump has accused China and Russia of seeking to challenge American power and attempting to erode US security interests, even as he presses the two countries to contain North Korea’s nuclear ambitions. “China and Russia challenge American power, influence and interests, attempting to erode American security and prosperity,” Trump said, according to a document of his first national security strategy speech released by the White House about an hour before he delivered it.

China Hits Back at America’s ‘Cold War Mentality’ After Donald Trump Brands It a Competitor (2017-12-19)
(South China Morning Post, By Wendy Wu) Beijing hit back at US President Donald Trump’s decision to name China as a competitor and called on the United States to give up its “cold war mentality”, saying it will lead to harm for both nations. The comments by Trump were a sign that Beijing’s efforts to ensure China-US relations developed as they wished had failed, according to mainland diplomatic observers.

Decoding Trump’s Plan to Rein In China (2017-12-19)
(New York Times, By Sui-Lee Wee) Beijing poses a threat on the business and technology fronts as well as militarily, the White House argues in a new national security blueprint.

Trump's Coming Trade War With China (2017-12-19)
(The Diplomat, By Atman Trivedi) US President Donald Trump's new national security strategy refers to China as a "strategic competitor" and calls it and Russia "revisionist powers." These actions show the United States' patience for China's economic and trade policies winding down, as the two countries have yet to reach some agreements. The US refuses to acknowledge China's claim of having a market economy, and the split between the two countries grows from that. However, sanctions from the US upon China will not lead to success on these economic issues.

Why Asia Should be Wary of Bannon's Remarks (2017-12-19)
(The Diplomat, By Charlotte Gao) Steve Bannon, President Donald Trump's former chief political strategist, censured China and praised Shinzo Abe in a speech last week, sharply contradicting what he had said in Hong Kong. His two-sided approach reflects what many consider his unreliability and reflect poorly upon his credibility. It further shows that Bannon will change his tone and rhetoric when it is convenient for him, suggesting to Asia that Bannon's sensationalist remarks are not to be taken to heart.

China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Domestic Politics in Mainland China

China Hails Year of ‘Remarkable Progress’ in Human Rights as US and EU Warn Situation is Worsening (2017-12-15)
(South China Morning Post, By Mimi Lau) China hailed a year of “remarkable” progress in human rights by widening its definition to praise achievements in fields such as anti-corruption and legal reform as it continued its drive to redefine the concept in the face of continued international criticism of its record. Although most international critics have focused on issues such as the detention and death in custody of the Nobel Peace Prize-winning dissident Liu Xiaobo, a report published on Friday used Beijing’s own distinct concepts of what constitutes human rights to hail what it sees as its accomplishments in the field in 2016.

Does Xi Jinping Thought Really Matter? (2017-12-14)
(The Diplomat, By Zoe Jordan) President Xi Jinping's ideology being enshrined into the CCP Constitution is already significant, but the more significant concept is how he will translate his ideals into concrete policy. Currently, many researchers, scholars, and policymakers view Xi's ideology and power as on par with that of Mao Zedong's, but they should wait and see how well Xi converts his own ideology into actions and policies.

China’s Stealthy Holiday Crackdowns (2017-12-14)
(The Diplomat, By Sarah Cook) China has a history of censorship and cracking down on free speech rights around the holiday season as Western countries are distracted. Even this year, several activists have remained imprisoned by the Chinese government. The pattern of sentencing and cracking down during the holiday season suggests that the Chinese government may be more aware of and sensitive to international pressure than they appear to be.

Beijing and Hong Kong

Beijing’s Carrot-and-Stick Approach to Hong Kong
(The Diplomat, By Charlotte Gao) Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam was in Beijing on December 15 to deliver an annual report on Hong Kong's affairs for the year. Hong Kong had seen pro-independence sentiments flare up over the course of the year, and Beijing reiterated China's commitment to the "one China, two systems" policy it has followed since Hong Kong's return to China. President Xi Jinping, however, did emphasize that he would work to ensure Hong Kong and Macau's position in the overall development of China.

China's Foreign Relations

China, Singapore Vow to Boost Military Exchanges in Latest Sign of Improved Relations
(South China Morning Post, By Nectar Gan) China and Singapore have pledged to step up military exchanges, including joint anti-terrorism and naval drills, in the latest sign of improved ties between the two countries. Rear Admiral Jiang Guoping, an assistant to the People’s Liberation Army’s chief of the Joint Staff Department, said on Monday that China was willing to further strengthen cooperation with Singapore on areas such as joint anti-terrorism and naval exercises, and personnel training, according to a statement on the defence ministry website.

China Promotes Human Rights 'With Chinese Characteristics' (2017-12-12)
(The Diplomat, By Charlotte Gao) China hosted its first “South-South Human Rights Forum” in Beijing last week ahead of International Human Rights Day to promote its own commitment to human rights, a field which the international community has long accused China of being absent from. Both President Xi Jinping and Foreign Minister Wang Yi have made their own statements in support of such, explaining their concept of a Chinese-led push for human rights and further detailing how no situation is identical to another. This is Beijing's next foray into guiding developing countries.

US and EU Team Up against China in Blasting World Trading System (2017-12-12)
(Bloomberg) The United States and Europe have said the world trading system is failing to live up to expectations, even as China defended the existing order and urged countries to forge ahead with globalisation. As trade ministers from around the world gathered for meetings of the World Trade Organisation in Buenos Aires, the top US trade negotiator said the WTO was focused too much on refereeing legal complaints, which distracted from its core mission of expanding commerce.

US, EU, Japan Slam Unfair Trade Practices in Veiled Swipe at China (2017-12-13)
(Reuters) The United States, the European Union and Japan vowed on Tuesday to work together to fight market-distorting trade practices and policies that have fuelled excess production capacity, naming several key features of China’s economic system. In a joint statement that did not single out China or any other country, the three economic powers said they would work within the World Trade Organisation and other groups to eliminate unfair competitive conditions caused by subsidies, state-owned enterprises, “forced” technology transfer and local content requirements.

Did Trump Just Kick off the Space Race 2.0 With China? (2017-12-13)
(The Diplomat, By Charlotte Gao) President Donald Trump signed a new directive on December 11 ordering the US's National Air and Space Administration to send astronauts back to the Moon. He detailed in a speech the importance of space exploration and its military and scientific applications. While China seemed willing to cooperate on the scientific aspects, it seemed more reserved and concerned about the idea of militarization of space.

Shaun Rein on the 'War for China's Wallet' (2017-12-13)
(The Diplomat, By Shannon Tiezzi) Shaun Rein details China's "carrot and stick" method of diplomacy, especially its tactic of using development or economic aid as a tool of statecraft and foreign policy.

With the Liberal West in Decline, Will China Be Given Free Rein? (2017-12-14)
(The Diplomat, By Andreas B. Forsby) While China's presence in the international arena grows, the West cannot hope to challenge China's core interests, especially regarding domestic issues. The perfect example is regarding China's record of human rights, when relatively few international leaders wished to sign onto a letter condemning China's various human rights violations. With the West's presence in the international arena declining since the ascension of people such as US President Donald Trump into leadership, China may have a greater level of freedom to promote its interests with little international resistance.

Australian Ambassador Summoned to China’s Foreign Ministry as Row over Political Interference Intensifies (2017-12-14)
(South China Morning Post, By Wendy Wu) Australia’s ambassador to China was summoned to the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs as tensions rise over Canberra’s complaints about alleged political interference, officials in Beijing said on Thursday.

China Risks Escalating Trade Row with US and EU after It Cuts Export Taxes on Steel (2017-12-15)
(South China Morning Post, By Sidney Leng) China will scrap export duties on some steel products in the new year, the country’s finance ministry said in a statement on Friday, a move that is likely to worsen Beijing’s trade disputes with the United States and the European Union. Both the Americans and Europeans have accused China of dumping excess steel products on their markets and the US recently slapped tariffs of up to 265 per cent on steel imports from Vietnam that were sourced from Chinese materials.

One Belt, One Road, and One Big Competition (2017-12-15)
(The Diplomat, By Jacob Mardell) China's Belt and Road Initiative is not a standalone, Chinese-led project. It consists of cooperation with many states' various infrastructure reform programs, including Japan, Kazakhstan, India, and Turkey. However, while many countries may have common goals, cooperation is made difficult through political issues with one another. However, China's vision for the end goal is much broader in scope than those of the other states, and that makes China the more important player to pay attention to.

The Great Leap Forward: China’s Pursuit of a Strategic Breakthrough (2017-12-15)
(The Diplomat, By Roncevert Ganan Almond) Following the failures of China's Great Leap Forward, China's recent history has been focused on economic reform and globalization to bring it into the modern era. However, Xi Jinping's new policies may bring China into a new "revisionist" era in the international arena. New technologies and a more powerful military will make China a much more significant player in international affairs.

Chinese Navy Hospital Ship Visits Timor-Leste, Highlighting Growing Ties (2017-12-18)
(The Diplomat, By Ankit Panda) Chinese state media has reported that a PLA Navy hospital ship will be visiting Timor-Leste to provide humanitarian medical services over an eight-day visit. China was the first country to establish diplomatic relations with Timor-Leste following its independence in 2002, and the relationship has been very close as Timor-Leste remains dependent on Chinese economic assistance. However, Timor-Leste has historically advocated for following international law and arbitration of the South China Sea, contrary to Chinese foreign policy objectives.

China Set to Move into United States’ Backyard with National Development Plan for Grenada (2017-12-19)
(South China Morning Post, By Stephen Chen) China is helping the government of Grenada prepare a national development plan 34 years after the Caribbean island nation was invaded by US-led forces due to concerns in Washington that its government was too close to the Soviet and Cuban communist regimes. The country is best known for its spices and beaches, but if the Grenadian government accepts the multibillion US dollar plan it would become the first in the world to opt for the wholesale adoption of a Chinese development blueprint – increasing Beijing’s influence in the region.

China Unveils an Ambitious Plan to Curb Climate Change Emissions (2017-12-19)
(New York Times, By Keith Bradsher and Lisa Friedman) The world’s No. 1 polluter will create a national market to clean up its power sector, putting it in a leading position on the issue as the U.S. retreats.

Self-Interest Shapes China’s Policies Toward the International Order (2017-12-19)
(East Asia Forum, By Andrew J Nathan) In sum, Chinese behaviour in international regimes does not show a pattern of promoting a distinctive ‘Chinese model’ or an alternative vision of the world order. If there is a larger pattern, it is that China tends to be a conservative power: it resists efforts by the United States and its partners to shape regimes in ways unfavourable to Chinese interests.

Contact: James Lee, Senior Editor 

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New Publication China's Asia: Triangular Dynamics since the Cold War by Lowell Dittmer (Rowman and Littlefield)
New Publication "Theoretical Underpinnings of Global Social Contract" by Takashi Inoguchi in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Empirical International Relations Theory by William R. Thompson (ed.)
New Publication Young China: How the Restless Generation Will Change Their Country and the World by Zak Dychtwald (St. Martin's Press)
New Publication Takashi Inoguchi and Ankit Panda (2018) "Japan's Grand Strategy in the South China Sea: Principled Pragmatism," in Anders Corr, ed., Great Powers, Grand Strategies: The New Game in the South China Sea (Naval Institute Press, PP. 199-223)
New Publication "Understanding President Trump's Taiwan Policy" by John F. Copper (American Journal of Chinese Studies)
New Publication "Prospects for Taiwan Maintaining Its Autonomy under Chinese Pressure" by Denny Roy (Asian Survey)
New Publication Takashi Inoguchi and Richard Estes: "The History of Well-Being in East Asia: From Global Conflict to Global Leadership" in The Pursuit of Human Well-Being: The Untold Global History by Estes, Richard J. and Sirgy, Joseph (eds.) (Springer)
New Publication Taiwan at a Tipping Point: The Democratic Progressive Party's Return to Power by John F. Copper (Rowman and Littlefield)
New Publication Taiwan and China: Fitful Embrace by Lowell Dittmer (ed.) (University of California Press) 
New Publication Learning from Fukushima: Nuclear Power in East Asia by Peter Van Ness and Mel Gurtov (eds.) (Australian National University Press)
New Publication Playing with Fire: The Looming War with China Over Taiwan by John Copper (Praeger Security International Series)
Upcoming Conference China Defense & Security Conference 2017 (Jamestown Foundation)
New Publication Imagining Taiwan: The Nixon Administration, the Developmental States, and South Vietnam’s Search for Economic Viability, 1969–1975 by Simon Toner (Diplomatic History)
New Publication Religion and the Regime: Cooperation and Conflict in Contemporary Russia and China by Karrie J. Koesel (World Politics)
New Publication Primordialism, Instrumentalism, Constructivism: Factors Influencing Taiwanese People’s Regime Acceptance of Mainland China’s Government by Chia-Chou Wang (Journal of Contemporary China)
TSR received a favorable review by the Foreign Affairs (July/Aug 2000)
The Best of Asia-Pacific Web Award
TSR was honored with a Four-Star rating by the Asian Studies WWW Virtual Library. 

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