::: TSR Weekly Report
2017-10-30 | NO.21(43) epaper |
Note to Readers
TSR is pleased to announce newly published books about Taiwan and East Asia on its website and in its weekly newsletter. If you're a scholar or your book is coming out from an academic press, please send the title of your book and a link to the publisher's web site to TSR's Senior Editor, James Lee (JL18@princeton.edu).
Cross-Strait Relations
DPP Remains Open to Cross-Strait Dialogue (2017-10-26)
(CNA) The spokesman of the Democratic Progressive Party Wu Pei-yi said the party is still open to dialogue across the strait so as to not create misunderstandings between the two sides. This statement comes after the 19th Party Congress that left Chinese President Xi Jinping even more powerful as the leadership reshuffle did not point to a possible successor.

MAC Head Hopeful on Meeting (2017-10-26)
(Taipei Times, By William Hetherington) The Minister of the Mainland Affairs Council Katharine Chang said she is hopeful of a potential meeting with her counterpart in China's Taiwan Affairs Office, reestablishing a hotline that had been disconnected between the two offices.

After the 19th Party Congress, Tsai Ing-wen Calls For Breakthrough With China (2017-10-27)
(The Diplomat, By Charlotte Gao) After the revelation of the new members of the CCP's Standing Committee, Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen directly called on the PRC to resume talks with Taipei and for a breakthrough with China in a rare speech regarding cross-strait relations. She discussed the process in which relations were built since the 1980s. The Taiwan Affairs Office in China responded by saying that the One China Principle was the basis of all cross-strait ties.

Former US Official Urges Beijing to Resume Dialogue
(CNA) Former US Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs Daniel Russel urged China to continue cross-strait talks and improve relations with Taiwan as the 19th Party Congress ended earlier this week. Talks have been suspended since President Tsai Ing-wen took office due to her refusal to acknowledge the 1992 Consensus. The former Foreign Service Officer cited the fact that politics in Beijing have now settled down as grounds for starting up the dialogue again.

Legislators Say 19 Employed By China
(Taipei Times, By Chen Wei-han) Government agencies announced that a total of 19 Taiwanese people hold posts in China's military or government structures while over 100 others have sideline jobs in China. Only two people have been convicted of a crime, however. Republic of China laws state that no Taiwanese is allowed to hold PRC citizenship, at the risk of losing ROC citizenship and a heavy fine.
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Taiwan's Domestic Politics

Taipei Forum Report on U.S. Politics and Asia-Pacific Policy under President Trump (2017-07-28)
(Taipei Forum) To better understand U.S. politics and Asia-Pacific policy under President Trump, a Taipei Forum Foundation delegation visited New York and Washington D.C. in early June 2017. The following reportcontains information and perspectives from the conversations between the group and U.S. officials and experts and is divided into six parts: current U.S. domestic politics, foreign policy making in the Trump administration, U.S.-China relations, U.S.-Taiwan relations, Taiwan’s major challenges, and the North Korea nuclear issue. A Chinese version of the report is available here.

Tsai’s Mid-Term Blues
(East Asia Forum, By Sheryn Lee) Many of these ‘step-by-step’ reforms to address systemic challenges will take years to succeed. Tsai will need to reconcile the diverse interests of her own party with the expectations of her constituency. Unfortunately for Tsai, her achievements will be measured in the short term by an increasingly belligerent Beijing and an increasingly disenfranchised electorate.

Do the Taiwan Independence Movement’s Symbolic Victories Hide a Lack of Practical Hope?
(The Diplomat, By Shang-su Wu) While a petition to change Taiwan's time zone has garnered enough signatures to warrant official consideration, simply changing the time zone is not enough to disregard the many cultural factors tying both sides of the Taiwan Strait together. Symbolic measures of Taiwanese independence expressions are signs of growing frustration within the independence movement. They allow for immediate and short-term satisfaction, but they may also be erasing the true meaning of the movements.

Foreign Envoys Endorse Pride Parade
(Taipei Times, By Stacy Hsu) The representative offices of twelve nations, mostly from Europe, issued a joint statement supporting Taiwan's promotion of respect and tolerance in Asia. These offices are de facto embassies in the absence of official diplomatic ties, and handle economic and cultural affairs.

Taiwan's Foreign Relations

Tsai Meets Russel, Hails Stable Relations With US (2017-10-25)
(CNA) President Tsai Ing-wen yesterday met former US assistant secretary of state for East Asian and Pacific affairs Daniel Russel. In the meeting in Taipei, she praised the stable and productive relationship Taiwan had with the United States. She also stated that the US and Taiwan would further collaborate on the development of digital economy.

Passport Holders to be Eligible for US Expedited Entry: AIT
(CNA) The American Institute in Taiwan announced that ROC passport holders are now eligible to enroll in the United States's Global Entry program. The program allows travelers to enter the US while bypassing traditional customs checks and enduring an expedited security screening process. In exchange, Taiwan is allowing US citizens enrolled in a Trusted Traveler program to use Taiwan's e-Gate system.

President Tsai Embarks on Visit to Pacific Allies
(CNA) Tsai Ing-wen has departed for her visit of three of Taiwan's diplomatic allies in the Pacific, the Marshall Islands, Tuvalu, and the Solomon Islands. She will be staying in Honolulu for a 34-hour transit stop. On her way back to Taiwan, she will stop in the U.S. territory of Guam.

Government Welcomes News of Trump's Pentagon Nomination: MOFA (2017-10-28)
(CNA) The Ministry of Foreign Affairs welcomed the news of U.S. President Donald Trump's intention to nominate Randall Schriver as the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Asian and Pacific Affairs. Schriver has visited Taiwan multiple times, and news of his nomination has been received favorably by both the Chinese Nationalist Party and the Democratic Progressive Party.

MOFA Protests Cambodia's Decision to Deport Fraud Suspects to China (2017-10-28)
(CNA) Cambodia has deported 19 Taiwanese nationals suspected of telecom fraud to China, causing the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to demand their return to Taiwan. Cambodian authorities also prohibited any representatives from the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Vietnam to visit these individuals. According to the MOFA, these suspects were sent to China due to pressure from the Chinese government.

Taiwanese President Lands on US Soil in Face of Protests from Beijing (2017-10-29)
(Reuters) Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen landed in Hawaii on Saturday en route to a visit to Taipei’s diplomatic allies in the Pacific despite strong objections from Beijing. Beijing regards self-ruled Taiwan as its sovereign territory and regularly calls it the most sensitive and important issue between it and the United States, complaining to Washington about transit stops by Taiwanese presidents.

Taiwan Leader Promises to Raise Defence Spending as She Praises ‘Unprecedented’ Friendship with United States (2017-10-30)
(Reuters) Taiwan will increase its future defence spending by two per cent a year, President Tsai Ing-wen said during a visit to Hawaii where the United States expressed concern over a possible military imbalance in the Taiwan Strait, Taiwanese media reported on Monday. In the event that Taiwan purchases arms from a foreign military, the island’s defence spending could increase as much as three per cent a year, and could possibly increase further using a special budget if “significant purchase cases” are made, Tsai said in remarks carried by official media.
PLA, Military Balance and Arms Sales
Taiwan Risks Beijing’s Anger After Setting Date for Arms Sales Meeting with US (2017-10-26)
(Kyodo) Taiwanese and US military officials will meet next month to discuss Taiwan’s shopping list of arms that it hopes to acquire from the United States, in a move sure to anger Beijing. Defence Minister Feng Shih-kuan revealed the timing of the defence review meeting at a legislative committee session on Wednesday, but he did not specify when and where it will take place.
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
Territorial Disputes

Lull in South China Sea Tensions Brings Joint Asean-China Naval Drill Closer (2017-10-28)
(South China Morning Post, By Collin Koh) After adopting the framework on the proposed code of conduct in the South China Sea in Manila in August, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean) and China attained yet another milestone this month. On the sidelines of the Asean defence ministers’ meeting in the Philippine city of Clark, they agreed to aim for an inaugural joint maritime exercise between their navies next year. However, the specifics have yet to be tied down.

The Korean Peninsula

In Rare Gesture, North Says It Will Return South Korean Fishing Boat (2017-10-26)
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-Hun) Though tensions have been high, North Korea says it will send home a South Korean fishing crew captured after its boat crossed the sea border.

In Seoul, Mattis Accuses North Korea of ‘Outlaw Behavior’
(New York Times, By Helene Cooper) Defense Secretary Jim Mattis said that Pyongyang was accelerating the threat of nuclear war through missile tests and that the United States would protect its allies.

South Korea and China End Dispute Over Missile Defense System
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-Hun) The agreement would revive economic and other ties, which came under severe strain after the deployment of the Thaad system.

Other Regional Issues

Asia Prepares for Trump
(East Asia Forum, By the Editorial Board) President Trump’s landing in Asia to announcements of significant and credible progress on the TPP 11 (the 12 members less the United States) and the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) agreement could be Asia’s Merkel moments at the APEC and EAS summits. RCEP includes Australia, China, Japan, India, New Zealand, South Korea and is driven by the 10 ASEAN countries and has the economic and political weight to show collective leadership of a kind that can make a difference globally. Efforts will also need to be made to demonstrate that these regional agreements are consistent with US interests.
U.S.-China Relations
US to Help India Balance China’s Power under Donald Trump’s New Asia Strategy, Ex-CIA official Reveals (2017-10-28)
(South China Morning Post, By Zhenhua Lu) When US President Donald Trump visits Asia next month, the US will unveil a new policy for the region that includes a goal to arm and push India deeper into East Asia and the Pacific region to act as a balancing power against China, a former CIA staff member has told the South China Morning Post. As part of the move, which Beijing could perceive as a strategy to contain it, the US will offer advanced American fighter planes to India and an emerging Washington-Delhi strategic partnership, Dennis Wilder, a former chief of China studies in the CIA and senior East Asia director at the National Security Council, said in an interview.

As Apple and Facebook Chiefs Visit, Xi Jinping Vows Deeper Reform
(New York Times, By Paul Mozur and Chris Buckley) Newly elevated to Mao-like status, China’s president held court before wealthy and influential executives from his country and the United States.

China, US Headed for ‘Significant Outcomes’ on Trade and North Korea: Beijing’s Top US Envoy
(South China Morning Post, By Zhenhua Lu) China and the US will achieve “significant outcomes” on economic and trade issues and deepen cooperation towards containing the North Korean nuclear threat when President Donald Trump meets President Xi Jinping next month in Beijing, China’s ambassador to the US said in Washington. At the same time, Ambassador Cui Tiankai warned in a press briefing at the Chinese embassy that nobody would “be able to contain China” – a reference to the Trump administration’s intention to help India balance China’s power in the Asia-Pacific region.
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Domestic Politics in Mainland China

The 'Community of Common Destiny' in Xi Jinping's New Era (2017-10-25)
(The Diplomat, By Jacob Mardell) During President Xi Jinping's speech at the start of the 19th Party Congress, he described Chinese foreign policy under a "New Era" framework, as many experts have written about. His foreign policy offers a departure from the quiet and calculated nature of Deng Xiaoping's to one in which China actively seeks a greater role in international affairs. His speech contained a sense of importance that implied Xi's belief that his mindset was key to the world's success, not just that of China.

The 7 Men Who Will Run China
(The Diplomat, By Bo Zhiyue) Other than Xi Jinping and Li Keqiang, the Standing Committee of the CCP has five new members. None of the new members seem like an outright favorite to serve as Xi Jinping's successor as General Secretary.

Xi Jinping Thought Vs. Deng Xiaoping Theory
(The Diplomat, By Son Daekwon) Xi Jinping made a distinction between himself and prior leaders of China, especially Deng Xiaoping, by describing his policies as a "new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics." Xi will promote his policies differently than Deng did, specifically through more balanced growth, active promotion of industrial innovation, and rule of law. Xi will also lead China into the forefront of international relations, in contrast to the "low profile" that Deng maintained.

How Were China's Top Leaders Selected?
(The Diplomat, By Charlotte Gao) Xinhua News Agency posted a report the day after the new members of the Standing Committee were selected detailing the process by which new members are chosen. Four criteria were detailed: loyalty, leadership, authority, and a belief in communism. One of the most crucial pillars that the report specified was loyalty to Xi Jinping and a deference to him as the supreme authority in the Party.

The CCP Says Xi Jinping Deserves to Have His Name Written in the Party Constitution
(The Diplomat, By Charlotte Gao) As part of the 19th Party Congress, the CCP added President Xi Jinping's name to the Constitution for his significant contributions to China, joining the names of Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping. However, Deng's name was not included until after his death, and neither Jiang Zemin's nor Hu Jintao's names are written into the PRC Constitution. Xi's name was enshrined in the Constitution due to his promotion of "Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era."

China's Communist Party: 3 Successes and 3 Challenges
(The Diplomat, By Mu Chunshan) Xi Jinping's success reflects the CCP's successes over the last five years, largely through anti-corruption policies. Their success can also be seen through the growth and reach of the Party and increased propaganda. However, corruption still poses a challenge to the CCP, as does an increasingly open internet and the challenges of being based off of the failed Soviet model of Communism.

Public Security Minister Guo Shengkun to Step Up as China’s Top Law Enforcer (2017-10-31)
(South China Morning Post, By Sarah Zheng) Beijing’s public security minister will take over as the country’s top security chief following a twice-a-decade leadership reshuffle of the ruling Communist Party. Guo Shengkun, also a new member of the 25-member Politburo, will succeed Meng Jianzhu as party secretary of the Political and Legal Affairs Commission of the Central Committee, state news agency Xinhua reported. Guo for the first time presided over a commission meeting on Tuesday in Beijing.

Hong Kong and Beijing

Hong Kong May Get to Decide Own Penalties for Disrespecting National Anthem
(South China Morning Post, By Mimi Lau and Ng Kang-chung) China’s top legislature is considering tougher punishment for those who disrespect the national anthem, but Hong Kong may be allowed to decide its own penalties, and the law will not have a retroactive effect in the city. The National People’s Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) on Tuesday discussed introducing an additional clause to China’s Criminal Code to make abuse of the national anthem or flag punishable by up to three years in prison.

China's Foreign Relations

China’s Struggle with the ‘New Domestic Normal’ and the ‘New International Normal’
(East Asia Forum, By Wing Thye Woo) Amid an ailing international order and a substantially lower domestic growth rate, many are sceptical about China’s capacity to commit to ‘growing an open global economy’ as President Xi Jinping has commanded. We see this as an achievable objective, but only if Beijing pursues significant domestic policy realignments as well an ambitious collaboration with foreign countries to revamp international governance arrangements.
Fellowships and Academic Positions
Call for Applications - Fung Global Fellows Program, Princeton University

Call for applications to the Fung Global Fellows Program at the Princeton Institute for International and Regional Studies (PIIRS). Six scholars from around the world will be selected to be in residence at Princeton University for an academic year and engage in research and discussion around the theme of “Interdependence.” The goal of the 2018-19 Fung Global Fellows cohort will be to explore the ways people learned to rely on or to reject strangers far away, as well as to imagine how global relationships came to be and could be different. We invite applications from scholars whose work addresses this topic in any historical period or world region and from any disciplinary background. Applications are due on November 20, 2017. To be eligible, applicants must have received their Ph.D. or equivalent no earlier than September 1, 2008. Fellowships will be awarded on the strength of a candidate’s proposed research project, the relationship of the project to the program theme, the candidate’s scholarly record and ability to contribute to the intellectual life of the program. For more information visit http://piirs.princeton.edu/funggfp/.

Contact: James Lee, Senior Editor 

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