::: TSR Weekly Report
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2016-08-26 | NO.20(34) epaper |
South China Sea Disputes and Other Regional Issues
Is China-Philippines Bilateralism on the South China Sea Going Anywhere? (2016-08-15)
(The Diplomat, By Ankit Panda) Former Philippine President Fidel V. Ramos is back home in the Philippines after what may have been the most closely watched and consequential “Track II” dialogue in East Asia in some time. Ramos, in a personal and informal capacity, met with Fu Ying, a former Chinese envoy to the Philippines, and Wu Shicun, the president of China’s National Institute for South China Sea Studies, in Hong Kong.

Manila 'Won't Raise Sea Row With China' At Talks (2016-08-19)
(China Post/AP) Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte said he will not raise long-simmering maritime disputes with mainland China at a meeting of Southeast Asian nations in Laos next month, preferring to talk quietly with Chinese officials. 

Here’s How the Philippines Can Win in the South China Sea (2016-08-16)
(Foreign Policy, By James Holmes) The hope for Philippine leaders was to conjure the career of Fabius Maximus, the Roman dictator. Fabius advised confounding antagonists through inventive strategy and tactics, constructing alliances to augment strength, and remaining united and resolute at home.

S China Sea Framework Slated For Next Year
 (2016-08-18)
(Taipei Times/ Reuters) China and ASEAN aim to finish by the middle of next year a framework for a code of conduct to ease tension in the disputed South China Sea, state media said yesterday.

Beware the Illusion of China-ASEAN South China Sea Breakthroughs (2016-08-17)
(The Diplomat, By Prashanth Parameswaran) On Tuesday, Chinese media reported that China and ASEAN had made “several breakthroughs” on the South China Sea following another series of meetings on the issue held in Inner Mongolia. As promising as these advances are at first glance, a closer look suggests that they need to be kept in perspective.

The US-China Perception Gap in the South China Sea (2016-08-19)
(The Diplomat, By David J. Firestein) The United States and China perceive the South China Sea issue in starkly different terms. The two countries are looking at largely the same set of facts through very different perceptual lenses. Where Beijing sees restraint and magnanimity on its part, Washington sees aggression and bullying; where Washington sees consistent adherence to established policy on its part, Beijing sees a major and destabilizing departure from the earlier U.S. posture; and so on.

Interior Minister Yeh Visits Taiping Island (2016-08-17)
(China Post, By Yuan-Ming Chiao) Interior Minister Yeh Jiunn-rong on Tuesday became the highest level government official of the Tsai administration to visit Taiwan-controlled Taiping Island, where he reiterated the Republic of China's (R.O.C.) territorial claim.
East China Sea Disputes and Japan Policy
Japan To Develop Missile As Tensions With China Mount: Report (2016-08-15)
(China Post/AFP) A report released Sunday says that Japan will develop a new land-to-sea missile as part of plans to beef up its defense of remote southern islands, as tensions with mainland China increase over the disputed territory.

Japan, S. Korea Conciliatory On War Anniversary
 (2016-08-16)
(China Post, By Natsuko Fukue, AFP) Tokyo and Seoul struck a conciliatory note Monday on the anniversary of the end of World War II, with South Korea's president calling for a "future-oriented" relationship and Japan's prime minister denouncing the "horrors of war."

Japan Protests More Chinese Ship 'Intrusions'
 (2016-08-18)
(China Post/AFP) Japan lodged a fresh diplomatic protest with mainland China on Wednesday, accusing the country of again sending its coast guard ships into waters surrounding contested islands in the East China Sea. 
U.S. “Pivot” to Asia and Sino-U.S. Engagement
Educating China's Future Leaders: Local Impact of Global Knowledge (2016-08-20)
(The Diplomat, Mercy A. Kuo) Knowledge and understanding lie at the heart of all successful foreign policy. For the U.S. and China to maximize cooperation and minimize conflict, their actions must be founded on accurate knowledge and insight about one another, which implies that their leadership elites and opinion leaders need to be well educated about the other country.

US Army Chief Visits China Amid Missile System Tensions
 (2016-08-17)
(China Post/AP) The U.S. Army chief of staff told Chinese officials during a visit Tuesday that China should not feel threatened by American ally South Korea's decision to deploy a powerful U.S. missile defense system.

China and US Navies Conduct Joint Search and Rescue Drill
 (2016-08-18)
(The Diplomat, By Franz-Stefan Gady) On August 12, the People’s Liberation Army Navy and U.S. Navy held a number of naval drills including a Code for Unplanned Encounters at Sea (CUES), and a search-and-rescue swimmer training event during a four-day port visit of the Arleigh-Burke-class guided-missile destroyer USS Benfold to the seaport of Qingdao. 

American Power in an Age of Disorder (2016-08-20)
(The National Interest, By Barry Gewen) What is essential is for the United States to find ways to coexist with other great powers and that means understanding that those countries have national interests of their own that one ignores at one’s peril, even when they clash with American values. To view compromise and accommodation as diminutions of power while invoking images of Munich is a dangerous exercise.

Can America Share Its Superpower Status? (2016-08-21)
(The National Interest, By Michael Lind) As China grows in wealth and power, the U.S. attempt to thwart its regional hegemony in East Asia may prove to be as doomed as would have been a British attempt to contain the United States in North America after 1900. If China and India successfully assert their own spheres of influence, after the model of America’s Monroe Doctrine, the United States may have no choice but to retreat from globalism.
DPP Searches for New China Stance; Cross-Strait Issues
Chinese Officials Outline Rules To See New Accords (2016-08-19)
(Taipei Times/CNA) A senior Chinese official said that China will continue to honor its agreements with Taiwan, but ruled out any new accords unless Beijing’s conditions are met. 

Committed To Cross-Strait Status Quo: Tsai (2016-08-21)
(China Post/CNA) President Tsai Ing-wen reaffirmed Saturday her belief in the importance of maintaining the status quo in cross-strait relations, three months into her presidency.
PLA, Military Balance and Arms Sales
China Launches Quantum Satellite in Bid to Pioneer Secure Communications (2016-08-17)
(New York Times, By Edward Wong) China launched the world’s first quantum communications satellite from the Gobi Desert early Tuesday, a major step in the country’s bid to be at the forefront of quantum research, which could lead to new, completely secure methods of transmitting information.

How China Plans to Utilize Space for A2/AD in the Pacific (2016-08-17)
(The Diplomat, By Anthony H. Cordesman and Joseph Kendall) The U.S. may be forced to reassess its decades-long overreliance on the aircraft carrier. Going forward, it may be prudent for the US to opt for stealthier and cheaper options that are not so susceptible to China’s long-range precision capabilities like attack submarines and battleships. Additionally, the US should look into acquiring more long-range bombers that can undertake long distance missions to attack Chinese missile positions, information hubs, and terrestrial radar hubs that are key for A2/AD.

Future Warfare in the Western Pacific (2016-08-15)
(International Security, By Stephen Biddle and Ivan Oelrich) Taiwan's proximity to China will not necessarily expose it to a credible invasion threat—the same technologies that enable Chinese A2/AD will enable Taiwan, with U.S. assistance, to extend its own A2/AD zone around the Taiwanese landmass in a way that would make a Chinese amphibious invasion prohibitively costly. But China could prevent Taiwanese or neutral shipping from sustaining the Taiwanese economy. The fate of Taiwan in such a contest would rest on the threat of distant blockade by the United States against Chinese seaborne trade and the relative vulnerability of insular Taiwan and continental China to trade cutoffs. By 2040, it is unlikely that AirSea Battle would be able to lift a Chinese blockade of Taiwan once China deploys mature A2/AD capability.

Defense Budget Boosted Marginally (2016-08-16)
Taipei Times, By Luo Tien-bin and William Hetherington)The central government general budget report for next year that the Executive Yuan is to send to the Legislative Yuan later this month includes only a marginal increase in defense spending.

Ministry Says Army Conscription to be Maintained in 2017
 (2016-08-17)
(China Post/CNA) The Ministry of National Defense yesterday told a news conference that it will continue to draft eligible Taiwanese to military service next year, the second time it has pushed back the target date for ending conscription as Taiwan tries to shift to an all-volunteer military force.

Taiwan to Receive New US Anti-Ship Missile Gun System for Warships (2016-08-17)
(The Diplomat, By Franz-Stefan Gady) “This Foreign Military Sales package supports Taiwan’s efforts to develop more innovative and asymmetric defensive capabilities,” David McKeeby, a spokesperson for the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Political-Military Affairs, told The Diplomat last December. “Today’s notification is consistent with the Taiwan Relations Act, and our support for Taiwan’s ability to maintain a sufficient self-defense capability.”

Brookings Expert Urges Taiwan To Alter Defense Strategy (2016-08-21)
(China Post/CNA) An expert at the Washington-based Brookings Institution has advised that Taiwan change its defense strategy to adapt quickly to growing and more complex security challenges posed by an improving mainland Chinese military.
Taiwan's Domestic Issues and Foreign Relations
INTERVIEW: Taiwan’s Democracy On The Right Path: Carl Gershman (2016-08-21)
(China Post) Saying President Tsai Ing-wen’s apology to the nation’s Aborigines and the transitional justice debate are evidence of the further consolidation of Taiwan’s democracy, National Endowment for Democracy president Carl Gershman, in a joint interview with Abraham Gerber of the ‘Taipei Times’ and Su Fang-ho of its sister newspaper the ‘Liberty Times,’ elaborated on how Taiwan can promote democracy, despite its diplomatic isolation.

Top Officials Approve Guidelines For 'New Southbound Policy'
 (2016-08-17)
(China Post, Stephanie Chao) Taiwan will seek well-intentioned interaction and cooperation with mainland China in the future in a bid to promote the "New Southbound Policy," after a top-level meeting at the Presidential Office approved the framework for implementation of the "New Southbound Policy" on Tuesday.

TAITRA Pledges NT$80 Million For Trade Expansion Into Southeast Asia
 (2016-08-20)
(China Post, By Wendy Wu) Taiwan External Trade Development Council (TAITRA) Chairman Liang Kuo-hsin Wednesday said TAITRA had added an additional NT$80 million to help Taiwanese companies expand trade with countries in Southeast Asia. 

Vice President Makes Transit Stop In New York (2016-08-15)
(Taipei Times/CNA) Vice President Chen Chien-jen on Saturday arrived in New York for a transit stop on his way to the Dominican Republic, where he is to attend a presidential inauguration as a special envoy of President Tsai Ing-wen.

VP Says 'Steadfast Diplomacy' Achieved On Dominican Trip (2016-08-21)
(China Post/CNA) Vice President Chen Chien-jen, who returned from a visit to the Dominican Republic on Saturday, said he believed his trip has helped promote the new Taiwan government's "steadfast diplomacy" and raised Taiwan's international visibility.

'Lovable' Taiwan and Its Soft Power Quest (2016-08-18)
(The Diplomat, By Shannon Tiezzi) “Soft power” or “hard power” – it’s all power. Power means a desire to influence someone. But Taiwan just wants to make some conversation.

China's Rise and Its Domestic Issues
Hong Kong Protest Leaders Sentenced to Community Service (2016-08-15)
(New York Times, By Austin Ramzy and Charlotte Yang) Two Hong Kong activists were sentenced to community service on Monday and another was given a suspended jail term for their involvement in a demonstration that led to large pro-democracy street protests two years ago.

Revamped Chinese History Journal Welcomes Hard-Line Writers
 (2016-08-18)
(Sinosphere, By Chris Buckley) In a sign of how sharply ideological winds have turned under President Xi Jinping, officials who recently took control of the magazine Yanhuang Chunqiu have wooed Maoist and nationalist writers who long scorned the magazine. 

Visiting Beijing, Myanmar’s Aung San Suu Kyi Seeks to Mend Relations (2016-08-18)
(New York Times, By Jane Perlez and Wei Moe) Hillary Clinton considers her a friend. President Obama has invited her to the White House next month. But on her first visit to a major capital since becoming leader of Myanmar, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi chose a different destination: Beijing.

China Helps Aung San Suu Kyi With Peace Talks in Myanmar (2016-08-21)
(New York Times, By Jane Perlez and Wai Moe) As Myanmar’s leader, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, met this past week with Chinese officials during her five-day visit here, China helped arrange a gift for her back home, a reminder that it wants to make itself Myanmar’s new best friend.

Does the South China Sea Spell Trouble for Beijing's New Silk Road? (2016-08-16)
(The National Interest, By Christine Guluzian) When disputes arise, and all other remedies fail, in most cases international arbitration courts are called upon to resolve them. Should it come to that point, China’s trade partners would want assurances that China would unflinchingly accept such rulings.

Australia Rejects Bids From Chinese Investors for Electricity Provider (2016-08-16)
(New York Times, By Neil Gough) Citing national security concerns, the Australian government rejected competing bids from Hong Kong and mainland Chinese groups for control of a company that supplies electricity to Sydney and neighboring areas.



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New Publication Taiwan and China: Fitful Embrace by Lowell Dittmer (ed.) (University of California Press) 
New Publication Learning from Fukushima: Nuclear Power in East Asia by Peter Van Ness and Mel Gurtov (eds.) (Australian National University Press)
New Publication Playing with Fire: The Looming War with China Over Taiwan by John Copper (Praeger Security International Series)
Upcoming Conference China Defense & Security Conference 2017 (Jamestown Foundation)
New Publication Imagining Taiwan: The Nixon Administration, the Developmental States, and South Vietnam’s Search for Economic Viability, 1969–1975 by Simon Toner (Diplomatic History)
New Publication Religion and the Regime: Cooperation and Conflict in Contemporary Russia and China by Karrie J. Koesel (World Politics)
New Publication Primordialism, Instrumentalism, Constructivism: Factors Influencing Taiwanese People’s Regime Acceptance of Mainland China’s Government by Chia-Chou Wang (Journal of Contemporary China)
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